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Martin T.E.,Lancaster University | Martin T.E.,Operation Wallacea Ltd | Kelly D.J.,Operation Wallacea Ltd | Kelly D.J.,Trinity College Dublin | And 5 more authors.
Forktail | Year: 2012

Lambusango Forest Reserve occupies a large area of south-central Buton, the largest attendant island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Buton is located off Sulawesi's south-eastern peninsula and remains poorly known ornithologically. Bird surveys were undertaken in the reserve over eight eight-week long research seasons between June and August in 1999, 2001-2003, 2005, and 2008-2010. Variable radius circularplot point counts were the primary census method, conducted as part of a long-term biodiversity monitoring programme in the reserve, although data were also collected from 840 mist-netting hours and approximately 2,560 hours of observational data. In total, 79 species were detected in the reserve, including 37 regional endemics (46.8% of the total avifaunal community) and four species considered by the IUCN to be globally threatened or Near Threatened. Additionally, a further 60 species (including two more Near Threatened species) were recorded in various habitats around southern Buton that were not detected in Lambusango Reserve, giving a total of 139 species records for the island. We believe that 51 of these species represent previously unpublished records for Buton. We present here a full account of our records from Lambusango Reserve and southern Buton, with additional details provided for threatened and Near Threatened species and new records of endemics. Source

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