De Mulder M.,Medisch Centrum Alkmaar |
De Mulder M.,Erasmus University Rotterdam |
Gitt A.,Herzzentrum Ludwigshafen |
Van Domburg R.,Erasmus University Rotterdam |
And 10 more authors.
European Heart Journal | Year: 2011
AimsThe applicability of currently available risk prediction models for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) is limited. We aimed to develop a model for the prediction of in-hospital mortality after PCI that is based on contemporary and representative data from a European perspective. Methods and resultsOur analyses are based on the Euro Heart Survey of PCIs, which contains information on 46 064 consecutive patients who underwent PCI for different indications in 176 participating European centres during 200508. Patients were randomly divided into a training (n = 23 032) and a validation (n = 23 032) set with similar characteristics. In these sets, 339 (1.5) and 305 (1.3) patients died during hospitalization, respectively. On the basis of the training set, a logistic model was constructed that related 16 independent patient or lesion characteristics with mortality, including PCI indication, advanced age, haemodynamic instability, multivessel disease, and proximal LAD disease. In both the training and validation data sets, the model had a good performance in terms of discrimination (C-index 0.91 and 0.90, respectively) and calibration (HosmerLemeshow P-value 0.39 and 0.18, respectively). Conclusion In-hospital mortality in PCI patients was well predicted by a risk score that contains 16 factors. The score has strong applicability for European practices. © 2011 The Author.
Vijverman A.-C.,Onze Lieve Vrouw Hospital |
Fox S.H.,University of Toronto
Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2014
Levodopa remains the most potent drug to treat motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD); however, motor fluctuations and levodopa-induced dyskinesia that occur with long-term use restrict some of its therapeutic value. Despite these limitations, the medical treatment of PD strives for continuous relief of symptoms using different strategies throughout the course of the illness: increasing the half-life of levodopa, using 'levodopa-sparing agents' and adding non-dopaminergic drugs. New options to 'improve' delivery of levodopa are under investigation, including long-acting levodopa, nasal inhalation and continuous subcutaneous or intrajejunal administration of levodopa. Long-acting dopamine agonists were recently developed and are undergoing further comparative studies to investigate potential superiority over the immediate-release formulations. Non-dopaminergic drugs acting on adenosine receptors, cholinergic, adrenergic, serotoninergic and glutamatergic pathways are newly developed and many are being evaluated in Phase II and Phase III trials. This article focuses on promising novel therapeutic approaches for the management of PD motor symptoms and motor complications. We will provide an update since 2011 on new formulations of current drugs, new drugs with promising results in Phase II and Phase III clinical trials, old drugs with new possibilities and some new potential strategies that are currently in Phase I and II of development (study start date may precede 2011 but are included as study is still ongoing or full data have not yet been published). Negative Phase II and Phase III clinical trials published since 2011 will also be briefly mentioned. © Informa UK, Ltd.
Collins J.W.,Karolinska University Hospital |
Verhagen H.,University of Stockholm |
Mottrie A.,Onze Lieve Vrouw Hospital |
Wiklund P.N.,Karolinska University Hospital
European Urology | Year: 2015
Take Home Message Internet-based video-streaming enables us to share surgical knowledge and to study leading surgeons while they operate in their home institutions, and is widely accessible to trainees. Planned developments include enriched learning experiences with improved user friendliness, interactivity, and real-time feedback. © 2015 European Association of Urology.
Willems E.,Imelda Hospital |
Smismans A.,Imelda Hospital |
Cartuyvels R.,Jessa Hospital |
Coppens G.,ZOL |
And 3 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2012
Bloodstream infections remain a major challenge in medicine. Optimal detection of pathogens is only possible if the quality of preanalytical factors is thoroughly controlled. Since the laboratory is responsible for this preanalytical phase, the quality control of critical factors should be integrated in its quality control program. The numerous recommendations regarding blood culture collection contain controversies. Only an unambiguous guideline permits standardization and interlaboratory quality control. We present an evidence-based concise guideline of critical preanalytical determinants for blood culture collection and summarize key performance indicators with their concomitant target values. In an attempt to benchmark, we compared the true-positive rate, contamination rate, and collected blood volume of blood culture bottles in 5 Belgian hospital laboratories. The true-positive blood culture rate fell within previously defined acceptation criteria by Baron et al. (2005) in all 5 hospitals, whereas the contamination rate exceeded the target value in 4 locations. Most unexpected, in each of the 5 laboratories, more than one third of the blood culture bottles were incorrectly filled, irrespective of the manufacturer of the blood culture vials. As a consequence of this shortcoming, one manufacturer recently developed an automatic blood volume monitoring system. In conclusion, clear recommendations for standardized blood culture collection combined with quality control of critical factors of the preanalytical phase are essential for diagnostic blood culture improvement. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Novara G.,University of Padua |
Catto J.W.F.,University of Sheffield |
Wilson T.,City of Hope National Cancer Center Duarte |
Annerstedt M.,Herlev University Hospital |
And 8 more authors.
European Urology | Year: 2015
Context Although open radical cystectomy (ORC) is still the standard approach, laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) have gained popularity. Objective To report a systematic literature review and cumulative analysis of perioperative outcomes and complications of RARC in comparison with ORC and LRC. Evidence acquisition Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched using a free-text protocol including the terms robot-assisted radical cystectomy or da Vinci radical cystectomy or robot∗ radical cystectomy. RARC case series and studies comparing RARC with either ORC or LRC were collected. Cumulative analysis was conducted. Evidence synthesis The searches retrieved 105 papers. According to the different diversion type, overall mean operative time ranged from 360 to 420 min. Similarly, mean blood loss ranged from 260 to 480 ml. Mean in-hospital stay was about 9 d for all diversion types, with consistently high readmission rates. In series reporting on RARC with either extracorporeal or intracorporeal conduit diversion, overall 90-d complication rates were 59% (high-grade complication: 15%). In series reporting RARC with intracorporeal continent diversion, the overall 30-d complication rate was 45.7% (high-grade complication: 28%). Reported mortality rates were ≤3% for all diversion types. Comparing RARC and ORC, cumulative analyses demonstrated shorter operative time for ORC, whereas blood loss and in-hospital stay were better with RARC (all p values <0.003). Moreover, 90-d complication rates of any-grade and 90-d grade 3 complication rates were lower for RARC (all p values <0.04), whereas high-grade complication and mortality rates were similar. Conclusions RARC can be performed safely with acceptable perioperative outcome, although complications are common. Cumulative analyses demonstrated that operative time was shorter with ORC, whereas RARC may provide some advantages in terms of blood loss and transfusion rates and, more limitedly, for postoperative complication rates over ORC and LRC. Patient summary Although open radical cystectomy (RC) is still regarded as a standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer, laparoscopic and robot-assisted RC are becoming more popular. Robotic RC can be safely performed with acceptably low risk of blood loss, transfusion, and intraoperative complications; however, as for open RC, the risk of postoperative complications is high, including a substantial risk of major complication and reoperation. © 2014 European Association of Urology.