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Walter H.S.,University of Leicester | Rule S.A.,Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust | Dyer M.J.S.,University of Leicester | Karlin L.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | And 20 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2016

We report the results of a multicenter phase 1 dose-escalation study of the selective Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ONO/GS-4059 in 90 patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies. There were9dose-escalation cohorts ranging from20mg to 600 mg once daily with twice-daily regimens of 240 mg and 300 mg. Twenty-four of 25 evaluable chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients (96%) responded to ONO/GS-4059, witha median treatment durationof 80 weeks;21CLL patients remainontreatment. Lymph node responses were rapid and associated with a concurrent lymphocytosis. Eleven of 12 evaluable patients with mantle cell lymphoma (92%) responded (median treatment duration, 40 weeks). Eleven of 31 non-germinal centerB-cell diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients (35%) responded but median treatment duration was 12 weeks due to development of progressive disease. ONO/GS-4059 was very well tolerated with 75% of adverse events (AEs) being Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 grade 1 or grade 2. Grade 3/4 AEs were mainly hematologic and recovered spontaneously during therapy. One CLL patient experienced a grade 3 treatment-related bleeding event (spontaneous muscle hematoma) but no clinically significant diarrhea, cardiac dysrhythmias, or arthralgia were observed. No maximal tolerated dose (MTD) was reached in the CLL cohort. In the non-Hodgkin lymphoma cohort, 4 patients developed a doselimiting toxicity, yielding an MTD of 480 mg once daily. ONO/GS-4059 has significant activity in relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies without major drug-related toxicity. The selectivity of ONO/GS-4059 should confer advantages in combination therapies. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01659255. © 2016 by The American Society of Hematology.


PubMed | Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust, CHRU, Cardiff CLL Research Group, ONO Pharma UK Ltd and 4 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase I | Journal: Blood | Year: 2016

We report the results of a multicenter phase 1 dose-escalation study of the selective Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ONO/GS-4059 in 90 patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies. There were 9 dose-escalation cohorts ranging from 20 mg to 600 mg once daily with twice-daily regimens of 240 mg and 300 mg. Twenty-four of 25 evaluable chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients (96%) responded to ONO/GS-4059, with a median treatment duration of 80 weeks; 21 CLL patients remain on treatment. Lymph node responses were rapid and associated with a concurrent lymphocytosis. Eleven of 12 evaluable patients with mantle cell lymphoma (92%) responded (median treatment duration, 40 weeks). Eleven of 31 non-germinal center B-cell diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients (35%) responded but median treatment duration was 12 weeks due to development of progressive disease. ONO/GS-4059 was very well tolerated with 75% of adverse events (AEs) being Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 grade 1 or grade 2. Grade 3/4 AEs were mainly hematologic and recovered spontaneously during therapy. One CLL patient experienced a grade 3 treatment-related bleeding event (spontaneous muscle hematoma) but no clinically significant diarrhea, cardiac dysrhythmias, or arthralgia were observed. No maximal tolerated dose (MTD) was reached in the CLL cohort. In the non-Hodgkin lymphoma cohort, 4 patients developed a dose-limiting toxicity, yielding an MTD of 480 mg once daily. ONO/GS-4059 has significant activity in relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies without major drug-related toxicity. The selectivity of ONO/GS-4059 should confer advantages in combination therapies. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01659255.


Ward C.L.,ONO Pharma UK LTD | Jamieson V.,ONO Pharma UK LTD | Nabata T.,ONO Pharma UK LTD | Sharpe J.,ONO Pharma UK LTD | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Therapeutics | Year: 2016

Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic parameters of up to 15 dose levels of ONO-4232, a selective agonist for the EP4 subtype of the prostaglandin E2 receptor, with a dual left ventricular lusitropic and venodilatory action, in healthy, adult, male and female volunteers. Methods In this randomized, single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose, sequential-group escalation, first in human study, ONO-4232 (0.001, 0.003, 0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08, 0.12, 0.15, 0.18, or 0.27 ng/kg/min) or placebo was administered as a continuous intravenous infusion over 3 hours. Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data were collected during dosing and over a period of 3 days (Day -1 to Day 2), and at the follow-up visit (Day 7 [±2 days]). Findings Fifty-seven subjects received ONO-4232 and 19 subjects received placebo. Ten of the planned 15 cohorts (dose range, 0.001-0.27 ng/kg/min) were conducted. A total of 34 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported in 23 subjects. Overall, the majority of TEAEs were mild. No serious TEAEs or deaths were reported and no subjects discontinued due to adverse events. The most frequently reported TEAE was infusion site erythema. A decrease in systolic blood pressure from baseline occurred for ONO-4232 subjects compared with placebo that was statistically significant for the 0.08 ng/kg/min dose, and a dose-dependent increase in heart rate starting at 0.04 ng/kg/min and achieving statistical significance compared with placebo at 0.15 ng/kg/min and above. More orthostatic events occurred in the higher-dose groups and the dose escalation was terminated due to increasing occurrences of orthostatic hypotension/intolerance. Plasma concentrations of ONO-4232 reached steady state approximately 2 hours after the start of infusion and then declined rapidly after the end of infusion, and systemic exposure appeared to increase in a dose-proportional manner. Approximately 30% of the administered dose of ONO-4232 was excreted in the urine. Implications In healthy adults ONO-4232 was generally well tolerated in the dose range of 0.001 to 0.27 ng/kg/min. There were dose-related changes in systolic blood pressure and heart rate. Infusion site erythema, which was likely associated with a venodilatory effect and possible evidence for the pharmacologic effects of ONO-4232, occurred increasingly with increasing dose. Pharmacokinetic parameters appeared to be dose-proportional. The study results support further evaluation of the cardiovascular effects of this first-in-class selective left ventricular lusitropic and venodilatory drug in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure. © 2016 The Authors.


PubMed | Gussak Consulting LLC, ONO Pharma UK LTD and Ono Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical therapeutics | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic parameters of up to 15 dose levels of ONO-4232, a selective agonist for the EP4 subtype of the prostaglandin E2 receptor, with a dual left ventricular lusitropic and venodilatory action, in healthy, adult, male and female volunteers.In this randomized, single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose, sequential-group escalation, first in human study, ONO-4232 (0.001, 0.003, 0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08, 0.12, 0.15, 0.18, or 0.27 ng/kg/min) or placebo was administered as a continuous intravenous infusion over 3 hours. Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data were collected during dosing and over a period of 3 days (Day -1 to Day 2), and at the follow-up visit (Day 7 [2 days]).Fifty-seven subjects received ONO-4232 and 19 subjects received placebo. Ten of the planned 15 cohorts (dose range, 0.001-0.27 ng/kg/min) were conducted. A total of 34 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported in 23 subjects. Overall, the majority of TEAEs were mild. No serious TEAEs or deaths were reported and no subjects discontinued due to adverse events. The most frequently reported TEAE was infusion site erythema. A decrease in systolic blood pressure from baseline occurred for ONO-4232 subjects compared with placebo that was statistically significant for the 0.08 ng/kg/min dose, and a dose-dependent increase in heart rate starting at 0.04 ng/kg/min and achieving statistical significance compared with placebo at 0.15 ng/kg/min and above. More orthostatic events occurred in the higher-dose groups and the dose escalation was terminated due to increasing occurrences of orthostatic hypotension/intolerance. Plasma concentrations of ONO-4232 reached steady state approximately 2hours after the start of infusion and then declined rapidly after the end of infusion, and systemic exposure appeared to increase in a dose-proportional manner. Approximately 30% of the administered dose of ONO-4232 was excreted in the urine.In healthy adults ONO-4232 was generally well tolerated in the dose range of 0.001 to 0.27 ng/kg/min. There were dose-related changes in systolic blood pressure and heart rate. Infusion site erythema, which was likely associated with a venodilatory effect and possible evidence for the pharmacologic effects of ONO-4232, occurred increasingly with increasing dose. Pharmacokinetic parameters appeared to be dose-proportional. The study results support further evaluation of the cardiovascular effects of this first-in-class selective left ventricular lusitropic and venodilatory drug in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure.


Suto F.,Ono Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd | Wood A.T.,Ono Pharma United States Inc | Kobayashi M.,Ono Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd | Komaba J.,Ono Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Purpose To investigate safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic properties of single and multiple doses of novel translocator protein 18 kDa antagonist ONO-2952 in healthy subjects. Methods Double-blind, placebo-controlled single (SAD) and multiple (MAD) dose escalation studies were conducted. Healthy men and women aged 18 to 55 years inclusive and without history of psychiatric disorders were eligible. Forty-eight volunteers received single doses of ONO-2952 (3, 10, 30, 100, 200, or 400 mg) or placebo under fasted conditions (SAD study), and 36 received ONO-2952 (30, 60, or 100 mg/d) or placebo for 21 consecutive days under fed conditions (MAD study). ONO-2952 10 and 200 mg were administered under fasted and fed conditions in the SAD study to investigate the effect of food on the absorption of ONO-2952. Safety assessments included adverse events, vital signs, 12-lead ECGs, and clinical laboratory evaluations. Plasma and urine pharmacokinetic profiles of ONO-2952 were determined. Findings Across both studies, mean age ranged from 29.8 to 39.8 years, most participants were white, and the proportion of female volunteers was 52%. No treatment or dose-related trends in adverse events were observed. The most frequent adverse events were headache and presyncope (n = 2 each [SAD study]) and constipation and headache (n = 3 each [MAD study]). All headache and constipation episodes were possibly related to the study drug. Plasma ONO-2952 concentrations peaked 2.5 to 3.5 hours (SAD study) and 3.0 to 4.0 hours (MAD study) postdose. ONO-2952 systemic exposure increased less than dose proportionally under fasted conditions. Fed conditions significantly increased exposure compared with fasted conditions: geometric mean ratios of Cmax (90% CIs) were 229% (176-299 [10 mg]) and 778% (623-971 [200 mg]), and AUClast were 159% (131-192 [10 mg]) and 382% (288-506 [200 mg]). In the MAD study, the systemic exposure of ONO-2952 increased in a slightly greater than dose-proportional manner. Geometric mean accumulation ratios (95% CI) of AUC24 were 2.50 (2.09-2.98 [30 mg]), 2.23 (1.85-2.68 [60 mg]), and 2.73 (2.10-3.55 [100 mg]); and Cmax were 1.65 (1.43-1.90 [30 mg]), 1.56 (1.31-1.85 [60 mg]), and 1.85 (1.38-2.49 [100 mg]). Implications ONO-2952 was safe and well tolerated in these early clinical studies investigating safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic properties of single and multiple doses. ONO-2952 systemic exposure increased in a less than dose-proportional manner under fasted conditions and in a slightly greater than dose-proportional manner under fed conditions. These results support the progression of ONO-2952 to further studies in humans. SAD study: ClinicalTials.gov identifier: NCT01364441. MAD study: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01489345. © 2015 The Authors.


Benesch M.G.K.,University of Alberta | Tang X.,University of Alberta | Maeda T.,Ono Pharmaceuticals Company | Ohhata A.,Ono Pharmaceuticals Company | And 7 more authors.
FASEB Journal | Year: 2014

Autotaxin is a secreted enzyme that produces most extracellular lysophosphatidate, which stimulates 6 G-protein-coupled receptors. Lysophosphatidate promotes cancer cell survival, growth, migration, invasion, metastasis, and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The present work investigated whether inhibiting autotaxin could decrease breast tumor growth and metastasis. We used a new autotaxin inhibitor (ONO-8430506; IC90=100 nM), which decreased plasma autotaxin activity by >60% and concentrations of unsaturated lysophosphatidates by >75% for 24 h compared with vehicle-treated mice. The effects of ONO-8430506 on tumor growth were determined in a syngeneic orthotopic mouse model of breast cancer following injection of 20,000 BALB/c mouse 4T1 or 4T1-12B cancer cells. We show for the first time that inhibiting autotaxin decreases initial tumor growth and subsequent lung metastatic nodules both by 60% compared with vehicle-treated mice. Significantly, 4T1 cells express negligible autotaxin compared with the mammary fat pad. Autotaxin activity in the fat pad of nontreated mice was increased 2-fold by tumor growth. Our results emphasize the importance of tumor interaction with its environment and the role of autotaxin in promoting breast cancer growth and metastasis. We also established that autotaxin inhibition could provide a novel therapeutic approach to blocking the adverse effects of lysophosphatidate in cancer. © FASEB.


Patent
Ono Pharmaceuticals Co. | Date: 2011-12-01

Provided is a levodopa prodrug that overcomes the problems attributed to the blood kinetics of levodopa such as large number of doses and the incidence of side effects due to frequent dosing. (2S)-2-Amino-3-(3,4-bis((2-(benzoyloxy)-2-methylpropanoyl)oxy)phenyl)propanoic acid, a salt thereof, or a solvate thereof is a levodopa prodrug, and provides a flat blood concentration-time profile of levodopa through oral administration, and therefore is useful as a preventive and/or therapeutic agent for Parkinsons disease and/or Parkinsons syndrome that overcomes the problems associated with pharmaceutical preparations of levodopa.


PubMed | Ono Pharma United States Inc, Ono Pharma UK Ltd and Ono Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase I | Journal: Clinical therapeutics | Year: 2015

To investigate safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic properties of single and multiple doses of novel translocator protein 18 kDa antagonist ONO-2952 in healthy subjects.Double-blind, placebo-controlled single (SAD) and multiple (MAD) dose escalation studies were conducted. Healthy men and women aged 18 to 55 years inclusive and without history of psychiatric disorders were eligible. Forty-eight volunteers received single doses of ONO-2952 (3, 10, 30, 100, 200, or 400 mg) or placebo under fasted conditions (SAD study), and 36 received ONO-2952 (30, 60, or 100 mg/d) or placebo for 21consecutive days under fed conditions (MAD study). ONO-2952 10 and 200 mg were administered under fasted and fed conditions in the SAD study to investigate the effect of food on the absorption of ONO-2952. Safety assessments included adverse events, vital signs, 12-lead ECGs, and clinical laboratory evaluations. Plasma and urine pharmacokinetic profiles of ONO-2952 were determined.Across both studies, mean age ranged from 29.8 to 39.8 years, most participants were white, and the proportion of female volunteers was 52%. No treatment or dose-related trends in adverse events were observed. The most frequent adverse events were headache and presyncope (n = 2 each [SAD study]) and constipation and headache (n = 3 each [MAD study]). All headache and constipation episodes were possibly related to the study drug. Plasma ONO-2952 concentrations peaked 2.5 to 3.5 hours (SADstudy) and 3.0 to 4.0 hours (MAD study) postdose. ONO-2952 systemic exposure increased less than dose proportionally under fasted conditions. Fed conditions significantly increased exposure compared with fasted conditions: geometric mean ratios of Cmax (90% CIs) were 229% (176-299 [10 mg]) and 778% (623-971 [200 mg]), and AUClast were 159% (131-192 [10 mg]) and 382% (288-506 [200mg]). In the MAD study, the systemic exposure of ONO-2952 increased in a slightly greater than dose-proportional manner. Geometric mean accumulation ratios (95% CI) of AUC24 were 2.50 (2.09-2.98 [30 mg]), 2.23 (1.85-2.68 [60 mg]), and 2.73 (2.10-3.55 [100mg]); and Cmax were 1.65 (1.43-1.90 [30 mg]), 1.56 (1.31-1.85 [60 mg]), and 1.85 (1.38-2.49 [100 mg]).ONO-2952 was safe and well tolerated in these early clinical studies investigating safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic properties of single and multiple doses. ONO-2952 systemic exposure increased in a less than dose-proportional manner under fasted conditions and in a slightly greater than dose-proportional manner under fed conditions. These results support the progression of ONO-2952 to further studies in humans. SAD study: ClinicalTials.gov identifier: NCT01364441. MAD study: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01489345.


Patent
Ono Pharmaceuticals Co. | Date: 2014-03-05

Provided is a levodopa prodrug that overcomes the problems attributed to the blood kinetics of levodopa such as large number of doses and the incidence of side effects due to frequent dosing. (2S)-2-Amino-3-(3,4-bis((2-(benzoyloxy)-2-methylpropanoyl)oxy)phenyl)propanoic acid, a salt thereof, or a solvate thereof is a levodopa prodrug, and provides a flat blood concentration-time profile of levodopa through oral administration, and therefore is useful as a preventive and/or therapeutic agent for Parkinsons disease and/or Parkinsons syndrome that overcomes the problems associated with pharmaceutical preparations of levodopa.

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