Uribarri M.,Proteomika SLU |
Hormaeche I.,Proteomika SLU |
Zalacain R.,Cruces Hospital |
Lopez-Vivanco G.,Medical Oncology Research Laboratory |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2014
Introduction: The enormous biological complexity and high mortality rate of lung cancer highlights the need for new global approaches for the discovery of reliable early diagnostic biomarkers. The study of bronchoalveolar lavage samples by proteomic techniques could identify new lung cancer biomarkers and may provide promising noninvasive diagnostic tools able to enhance the sensitivity of current methods. Methods: First, an observational prospective study was designed to assess protein expression differences in bronchoalveolar lavages from patients with (n = 139) and without (n = 49) lung cancer, using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and subsequent protein identification by mass spectrometry. Second, validation of candidate biomarkers was performed by bead-based immunoassays with a different patient cohort (204 patients, 48 controls). Results: Thirty-two differentially expressed proteins were identified in bronchoalveolar lavages, 10 of which were confirmed by immunoassays. The expression levels of APOA1, CO4A, CRP, GSTP1, and SAMP led to a lung cancer diagnostic panel that reached 95% sensitivity and 81% specificity, and the quantification of STMN1 and GSTP1 proteins allowed the two main lung cancer subtypes to be discriminated with 90% sensitivity and 57% specificity. Conclusions: Bronchoalveolar lavage represents a promising noninvasive source of lung cancer specific protein biomarkers with high diagnostic accuracy. Measurement of APOA1, CO4A, CRP, GSTP1, SAMP, and STMN1 in this fluid may be a useful tool for lung cancer diagnosis, although a further validation in a larger clinical set is required for early stages. Copyright © 2014 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Source