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Auckland, New Zealand

Macann A.,Auckland City Hospital | Fua T.,Peter MacCallum Cancer Center | Milross C.G.,Royal Prince Alfred Hospital | Porceddu S.V.,Oncology Services | And 12 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2014

Purpose To assess the impact of domicile-based humidification on symptom burden during radiation therapy (RT) for head-and-neck (H&N) cancer. Methods and Materials From June 2007 through June 2011, 210 patients with H&N cancer receiving RT were randomized to either a control arm or to receive humidification using the Fisher & Paykel Healthcare MR880 humidifier. Humidification commenced on day 1 of RT and continued until Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0, clinical mucositis (CMuc) grade ≤1 occurred. Forty-three patients (42%) met a defined benchmark for humidification compliance and contributed to per protocol (PP) analysis. Acute toxicities, hospitalizations, and feeding tube events were recorded prospectively. The McMaster University Head and Neck Radiotherapy Questionnaire (HNRQ) was used for patient-reported outcomes. The primary endpoint was area under the curve (AUC) for CMuc grade ≥2. Results There were no significant differences in AUC for CMuc ≥2 between the 2 arms. Humidification patients had significantly fewer days in hospital (P=.017). In compliant PP patients, the AUC for CTCAE functional mucositis score (FMuc) ≥2 was significantly reduced (P=.009), and the proportion who never required a feeding tube was significantly greater (P=.04). HNRQ PP analysis estimates also in the direction favoring humidification with less symptom severity, although differences at most time points did not reach significance. Conclusions TROG 07.03 has provided efficacy signals consistent with a role for humidification in reducing symptom burden from mucositis, but the influence of humidification compliance on the results moderates recommendations regarding its practical utility. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Caldwell I.R.,Adult Oncology Research Center | Oei P.,IGENZ Ltd | Ng D.,IGENZ Ltd | Caudwell B.,Adult Oncology Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Genitourinary Cancer | Year: 2014

Background The mTOR inhibitors have improved outcomes for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) but the duration of benefit is variable. Currently there are no predictive biomarkers for preselecting patients who are more likely to benefit from these agents. We undertook an exploratory translational study evaluating molecular cytogenetic changes in the context of outcomes from treatment with everolimus. Patients and Methods Ten patients with clear cell mRCC treated with everolimus were enrolled. Pretreatment tissue specimens were analyzed for molecular cytogenetic changes using fluorescence in situ hybridization and progression-free survival (PFS) data were obtained. Gene probes chosen for this analysis were: Von Hippel Lindau, fragile histidine triad, fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1, FGFR3, PDGFβ, PDGFRβ, epidermal growth factor receptor, and myelocytomatosis viral oncogene. Results Median PFS was 8.75 months. Two patients with the longest PFS (28 months and 23 months) had gain of PDGFβ and PDGFRβ. This was also observed in 3 other patients who had a PFS of 11.5 months, 8 months, and 5.5 months, respectively. Cytogenetic evolution was observed between primary and metastatic specimens. Conclusion PDGFβ and PDGFRβ gene status might be of relevance to everolimus therapy. Further research evaluating the utility of these potential biomarkers is required. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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