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Cincinnati, OH, United States

Hainsworth J.D.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute | Hainsworth J.D.,Tennessee Oncology PLLC | Rubin M.S.,Florida Cancer Specialists | Arrowsmith E.R.,Chattanooga Oncology Hematology Associates | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Genitourinary Cancer | Year: 2013

Background: This phase II trial examined the activity and toxicity of second-line treatment with pazopanib after failure of first-line single-agent treatment with sunitinib or bevacizumab in patients with advanced clear cell renal carcinoma. Patients and Methods: Fifty-five patients with metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma who had previously received first-line treatment with sunitinib (39 patients) or bevacizumab (16 patients) were enrolled. Patients received pazopanib 800 mg orally daily and were evaluated for response after 8 weeks of treatment. Responses were measured using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), version 1.0, and confirmed with repeated scans after 8 weeks. Patients with objective response or stable disease continued treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurred. Results: Fifteen of 55 patients (27%) had objective response to pazopanib. An additional 27 patients (49%) had stable disease, for a disease control rate of 76%. After a median follow-up of 16.7 months, the median progression-free survival for the entire group was 7.5 months (95% confidence interval, 5.4-9.4 months). Similar progression-free survival was observed regardless of whether previous treatment was with sunitinib or bevacizumab. The estimated overall survival rate for the entire group at 24 months was 43%. Conclusion: Pazopanib is an active agent for the treatment of advanced clear cell renal carcinoma, even after failure of sunitinib or bevacizumab. Treatment with pazopanib should be considered early in the sequence of therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source


Spigel D.R.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute | Spigel D.R.,Tennessee Oncology PLLC | Waterhouse D.M.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute | Waterhouse D.M.,Oncology Hematology Care Inc | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2013

Background: Topotecan is currently the only US Federal Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drug for second-line treatment of relapsed small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). We investigated the efficacy and safety of a novel topotecan- bevacizumab combination in treating relapsed SCLC. Patients and Methods: Each 21-day treatment cycle consisted of bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) administration on day 1 and oral topotecan (2.3 mg/m2/d) administration on days 1 to 5. Treatment was continued for 8 cycles or until disease progression/toxicity. The primary objective was evaluation of 3-month progression-free survival (PFS). Overall response rate (ORR), duration of response, time to response (TTR), and overall survival (OS) were secondary objectives. Results: The study enrolled 50 patients between July 2008 and May 2010. The 3-month PFS was 65% (95% confidence interval [CI], 49.3%-76.9%), which was promising compared with the historical control of 50% (P =.017) but did not meet the predefined criteria for clinically meaningful improvement. Median PFS was 6.24 months for the sensitive subgroup (progression time from end of previous chemotherapy > 90 days; n = 27) and 2.91 months for the resistant subgroup (progression time ≤ 90 days; n = 23). No patient achieved complete response (CR), and the ORR was 16%. Twenty (40%) patients had stable disease (SD) and 13 (26%) had progressive disease (PD). Median OS, TTR, and duration of response were 7.4, 1.3, and 4.7 months, respectively. The worst reported adverse events (AEs) were grade 1/2 in 11 (22%) patients and grade 3/4/5 in 39 (78%) patients. Conclusion: Improvement in the 3-month PFS after treatment with topotecan-bevacizumab was promising compared with the historical control and justifies additional studies with this regimen. Source


Bendell J.C.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute SCRI | Bendell J.C.,Tennessee Oncology PLLC | Waterhouse D.,Oncology Hematology Care Inc | Webb C.,Blood Disorders and Cancer | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of bevacizumab (Avastin, Genentech) and erlotinib (Tarceva, Genentech/Roche) when added to preoperative chemoradiation therapy with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the treatment of localized cancers of the esophagus or gastroesophageal (GE) junction. The primary endpoint was the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate. Methods: Eligible patients had previously untreated localized squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the esophagus or GE junction, and were considered surgical candidates at enrollment. Daily erlotinib (100 mg orally) was administered on days 1-42 of preoperative treatment. Patients received paclitaxel (200 mg/m2 intravenously [IV]), carboplatin (area under the curve [AUC] 5.0 IV), and bevacizumab (15 mg/kg IV) on days 1 and 22, and 5-FU by continuous infusion (225 mg/m2/day IV) on days 1-35, with radiation therapy in 1.8-Gy single fractions, Monday-Friday (to a total of 45 Gy). Those who were deemed surgical candidates proceeded to resection during weeks 12-14. Results: Between February 2007 and September 2009, 62 patients (median age, 64 years; 92% male; 94% adenocarcinoma) were enrolled; 44 patients (71%) completed neoadjuvant treatment and proceeded to surgery. Eighteen patients (29%) achieved pCR, with partial pathologic remission in an additional 22 patients (35%). Common grade 3/4 toxicities included leukopenia (64%), neutropenia (44%), mucositis/stomatitis (42%), diarrhea (27%), and esophagitis (27%). There were 40 instances of treatment-related hospitalization, and 2 postoperative deaths. Conclusions: The addition of bevacizumab and erlotinib to neoadjuvant chemoradiation did not demonstrate survival benefit or improved pCR rate over similar regimens. While the overall rates of toxicity were not increased, targeted agent-specific toxicity was evident. Further study of this specific regimen is not warranted. Source


Madajewicz S.,Montefiore North Division Cancer Center | Waterhouse D.M.,Oncology Hematology Care Inc | Ritch P.S.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Khan M.Q.,Marshfield Clinic | And 7 more authors.
Investigational New Drugs | Year: 2012

Purpose: To assess safety and efficacy of folinic acid, 5-fluorouracil, gemcitabine (FFG) and folinic acid, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin (FOLFOX4) regimens with added bevacizumab as first-line treatment in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients and Methods: Patients with Stage III unresectable or Stage IV adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum were randomly assigned to either FFG weekly for 6 weeks of an 8-week cycle or FOLFOX4 every 2 weeks. After FDA approval, bevacizumab 5 mg/kg was added every 2 weeks. Treatment continued until disease progression. Planned enrollment was 190 patients. Primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR); secondary endpoints included evaluation of adverse events, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival (OS). Disease Control Rate (DCR; % of patients with complete or partial responses or stable disease) was a post hoc analysis. Results: The trial was stopped prematurely due to low enrollment. Of 84 enrolled patients (42 to each arm), 36 patients (18 in each arm) received bevacizumab. ORR was greater (P=.002) for FOLFOX4 (17/42; 40.5%) than for FFG (4/42; 9.5%); however, TTP, OS, and DCR results were not statistically different comparing FOLFOX4 and FFG. Peripheral neuropathy was more frequent (P=<.001) with FOLFOX4 (18/42; 42.9%) than with FFG (1/42; 2.4%). Conclusions: FFG and FOLFOX4 were generally well tolerated. Based on ORR, FOLFOX4 was superior to FFG.However, differences in TTP and OS comparing regimens were inconclusive. General use of gemcitabine as a biomodulator of 5-fluorouracil in CRC cannot be recommended at this time and the regimen remains investigational. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010. Source


Spigel D.R.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute | Spigel D.R.,Tennessee Oncology PLLC | Hainsworth J.D.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute | Hainsworth J.D.,Tennessee Oncology PLLC | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2012

PURPOSE:: To assess time to progression (TTP) in elderly patients with previously untreated nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer treated with pemetrexed/gemcitabine/bevacizumab or pemetrexed/carboplatin/bevacizumab. Methods: Eligible patients were aged 70 years or older with newly diagnosed stage IIIB/IV nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer; Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0 to 1; adequate organ function; and no active central nervous system metastasis. Patients were randomized 1:1 to cohort A (pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 IV, gemcitabine 1500 mg/m 2 IV, and bevacizumab 10 mg/kg IV; days 1 and 15 of 28-day cycles) or cohort B (pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 IV, carboplatin area under the concentration-time curve =5 IV, and bevacizumab 15 mg/kg IV; day 1 of 21-day cycles). After six cycles, stable/responding patients continued bevacizumab until disease progression. Results: Between March 2007 and December 2009, 110 patients (median age, 76 years; 88% stage IV) were treated for medians of 2.5 cycles (cohort A) and 6 cycles (cohort B). Overall response rate was 35% in both cohorts, with stable disease rates of 33% (A) and 45% (B). TTP by cohort was 4.7 and 10.2 months with median OS 7.5 and 14.8 months, respectively. Severe toxicities included the following: neutropenia (A, 51% and B, 45%), fatigue (A, 36% and B, 18%), anemia (A, 22% and B, 7%), infection (A, 25% and B, 7%), thrombocytopenia (A, 11% and B, 31%), and thromboembolism (A, 7% and B, 7%). Three potential treatment-related deaths occurred in cohort A (sepsis, thrombocytopenia, and myocardial infarction) and two in B (sepsis and pulmonary hemorrhage). Conclusions: Treatment with pemetrexed/carboplatin/bevacizumab was associated with improved TTP and OS in this elderly population and should be further evaluated. Treatment-related toxicities were expected and usually manageable, although deaths occurred with both regimens. Copyright © 2011 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Source

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