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Awazu Y.,Oncology Drug Discovery Unit | Mizutani A.,Oncology Drug Discovery Unit | Iwata H.,Takeda Pharmaceutical | Oguro Y.,Oncology Drug Discovery Unit | And 3 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2012

We recently reported that compound 20d (comp.20d), a novel pyrrolo[3, 2-d]pyrimidine derivative, is a potent and selective inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis-related kinases, including vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR). In this study, we show that comp.20d potently blocks the VEGF- and PDGF-stimulated cellular phosphorylation (IC 50 = 2.5 and 3.6 nM, respectively) and proliferation of HUVECs and human coronary artery smooth muscle cells with IC 50 values of 2.8 and 9.6 nM, respectively, and potently inhibits the VEGF-induced tube formation of endothelial cells cocultured with fibroblasts (IC 50 = 3.3 nM). Given orally twice daily, comp.20d at the doses of 1.5-6 mg/kg showed antitumor effects in mice bearing various human cancer xenografts. Consistent with the anti-angiogenic mechanism of action, histological examination of tumors from comp. 20d-treated mice indicated a decrease in microvessel density and inhibition of pericyte recruitment to microvessels, and these were concomitant with decreased interstitial fluid pressure that allowed for therapeutic intratumoral uptake of CPT-11 (irinotecan hydrochloride). In conclusion, comp.20d is an extremely potent inhibitor of VEGFR/PDGFR kinases whose activities suggest therapeutic potential for the treatment of solid tumors that rely on angiogenesis for their survival. © 2012 Japanese Cancer Association and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited.


Awazu Y.,Inflammation Drug Discovery Unit | Mizutani A.,Oncology Drug Discovery Unit | Nagase Y.,Scientific Intelligence | Tsuchiya S.,Extra Value Generation and General Medicine Drug Discovery Unit | And 9 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2013

We recently reported that TAK-593, a novel imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine derivative, is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor tyrosine kinase families. Moreover, TAK-593 exhibits a uniquely long-acting inhibitory profile towards VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ). In this study, we demonstrated that TAK-593 potently inhibits VEGF- and PDGF-stimulated cellular phosphorylation and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and human coronary artery smooth muscle cells. TAK-593 also potently inhibits VEGF-induced tube formation of endothelial cells co-cultured with fibroblasts. Oral administration of TAK-593 exhibited strong anti-tumor effects against various human cancer xenografts along with good tolerability despite a low level of plasma exposure. Even after the blood and tissue concentrations of TAK-593 decreased below the detectable limit, a pharmacodynamic marker (phospho VEGFR2) was almost completely suppressed, indicating that its long duration of enzyme inhibition might contribute to the potent activity of TAK-593. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that TAK-593 showed anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on tumors along with a decrease of vessel density and inhibition of pericyte recruitment to microvessels in vivo. Furthermore, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed that TAK-593 reduced tumor vessel permeability prior to the onset of anti-tumor activity. In conclusion, TAK-593 is an extremely potent VEGFR/PDGFR kinase inhibitor whose potent anti-angiogenic activity suggests therapeutic potential for the treatment of solid tumors. © 2013 Japanese Cancer Association.

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