Hernandez Cueto A.,Immunology and Infection Research Unit |
Hernandez Cueto A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico |
Hernandez Cueto D.,Oncology Disease Research Unit |
Antonio Andres G.,Oncology Disease Research Unit |
And 8 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2014
Prostate carcinoma (PCa) is one of the most common cancers in men. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has been widely used to predict the outcome of PCa and screening with PSA has resulted in a decline in mortality. However, PSA is not an optimal prognostic tool as its sensitivity may be too low to reduce morbidity and mortality. Consequently, there is a demand for additional robust biomarkers for prostate cancer. Death receptor 5 (DR5) has been implicated in the prognosis of several cancers and it has been previously shown that it is negatively regulated by Yin Yang 1 (YY1) in prostate cancer cell lines. The present study investigated the clinical significance of DR5 expression in a prostate cancer patient cohort and its correlation with YY1 expression. Immunohistochemical analysis of protein expression distribution was performed using tissue microarray constructs from 54 primary PCa and 39 prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) specimens. DR5 expression was dramatically reduced as a function of higher tumor grade. By contrast, YY1 expression was elevated in PCa tumors as compared with that in PIN, and was increased with higher tumor grade. DR5 had an inverse correlation with YY1 expression. Bioinformatic analyses corroborated these data. The present findings suggested that DR5 and YY1 expression levels may serve as progression biomarkers for prostate cancer.
Huerta-Yepez S.,University of California at Los Angeles |
Huerta-Yepez S.,Oncology Disease Research Unit |
Liu H.,University of California at Los Angeles |
Baritaki S.,University of California at Los Angeles |
And 9 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2014
Multiple myeloma (MM) patients initially respond to conventional therapy, however, many develop resistance and have recurrences. We have reported in other tumors that the transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a resistant factor and, thus, we hypothesized that YY1 may be overexpressed in MM. Significantly, higher expression (staining intensity and cell frequency) of YY1 in MM cell lines and in bone marrow-derived (BM) MM from 22 MM patients was observed as compared to expression in normal BM. Higher nuclear YY1 staining was associated with disease progression. Bioinformatic analyses of mRNA in data sets corroborated the above findings and showed significant overexpression of YY1 in MM compared to normal tissues and other hematopoietic disorders. The role of YY1 expression in the regulation of drug resistance was exemplified in a drug-resistant MM cell line transfected with YY1 siRNA and which was shown to be sensitized to bortezomib-induced apoptosis. These findings highlight the potential prognostic significance of YY1 expression level in MM patients and as a therapeutic target.