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Guertin A.D.,Oncology Biology | Li J.,Merck And Co. | Liu Y.,Merck And Co. | Hirsch H.A.,Merck And Co. | And 10 more authors.
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics | Year: 2013

Inhibition of theDNAdamage checkpoint kinaseWEE1potentiates genotoxic chemotherapies by abrogating cell-cycle arrest and proper DNA repair. However, WEE1 is also essential for unperturbed cell division in the absence of extrinsic insult. Here, we investigate the anticancer potential of a WEE1 inhibitor, independent of chemotherapy, and explore a possible cellular context underlying sensitivity to WEE1 inhibition.Weshow that MK-1775, a potent and selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of WEE1, is cytotoxic across a broad panel of tumor cell lines and induces DNA double-strand breaks. MK-1775-induced DNA damage occurs without added chemotherapy or radiation in S-phase cells and relies on active DNA replication. At tolerated doses, MK-1775 treatment leads to xenograft tumor growth inhibition or regression. To begin addressing potential response markers for MK-1775 monotherapy, we focused on PKMYT1, a kinase functionally related to WEE1. Knockdown of PKMYT1 lowers the EC50 of MK-1775 by five-fold but has no effect on the cell-based response to other cytotoxic drugs. In addition, knockdown of PKMYT1 increases markers of DNA damage, gH2AX and pCHK1S345, induced by MK-1775. In a post hoc analysis of 305 cell lines treated with MK-1775, we found that expression of PKMYT1 was below average in 73% of the 33 most sensitive cell lines. Our findings provide rationale for WEE1 inhibition as a potent anticancer therapy independent of a genotoxic partner and suggest that lowPKMYT1 expression could serve as an enrichment biomarker for MK-1775 sensitivity. Mol Cancer Ther; 12(8); 1442-52. © 2013 AACR. Source

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