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Bülach, Switzerland

Uster A.,Kantonsspital Winterthur | Ruefenacht U.,Kantonsspital Winterthur | Ruehlin M.,Kantonsspital Winterthur | Pless M.,Kantonsspital Winterthur | And 4 more authors.
Nutrition | Year: 2013

Objective: Weight loss is common in patients with malignant tumors and it can adversely affect quality of life and survival. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a nutritional intervention in cancer patients in an outpatient setting. Methods: Cancer outpatients (N = 58) who were classified as undernourished or at high risk for undernutrition by the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 tool were randomized into two groups. One group (n = 30) received standardized individual nutritional therapy, including counseling by a dietitian, food fortification, and oral nutritional supplements if required. The second group (n = 28) received standard care. The nutritional intervention lasted 3 mo. Dietary intake (3-d dietary record), nutritional status (body weight), physical functioning (performance status, hand-grip strength) and quality of life (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire version 3.0) were assessed at baseline and after 6 wk and 3 mo. An additional follow-up assessment was carried out 3 mo post-intervention. Results: Nutritional intervention led to a significantly higher average energy and protein intake in the nutritional therapy group (+379 kcal; 95% confidence interval [CI], 117-642; P = 0.007, respectively; +10.4 g; 95% CI, 2.3-18.5; P = 0.016). However, the increased dietary intake was not associated with improvements in nutritional status, physical functioning, or quality of life. Conclusions: Individual nutritional counseling significantly and positively influenced energy and protein intake, but did not improve nutritional or physical outcome or quality of life. These results indicate that nutritional therapy alone is of limited efficacy in cancer patients whose nutritional status has already deteriorated. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Lux M.P.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Wockel A.,University of Ulm | Benedict A.,United Biosource Corporation | Buchholz S.,University of Regensburg | And 13 more authors.
Onkologie | Year: 2010

Background: In the 'Arimidex', Tamoxifen Alone or in Combination (ATAC) trial, the aromatase inhibitor (AI) anastrozole had a significantly better efficacy and safety profile than tamoxifen as initial adjuvant therapy for hormone receptor-positive (HR+) early breast cancer (EBC) in postmenopausal patients. To compare the combined long-term clinical and economic benefits, we carried out a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of anastrozole versus tamoxifen based on the data of the 100month analysis of the ATAC trial from the perspective of the German public health insurance. Patients and Methods: A Markov model with a 25-year time horizon was developed using the 100-month analysis of the ATAC trial as well as data obtained from published literature and expert opinion. Results: Adjuvant treatment of EBC with anastrozole achieved an additional 0.32 quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained per patient compared with tamoxifen, at an additional cost of D 6819 per patient. Thus, the incremental cost effectiveness of anastrozole versus tamoxifen at 25 years was D 21,069 ($30,717) per QALY gained. Conclusions: This is the first CEA of an AI that is based on extended follow-up data, taking into account the carryover effect of anastrozole, which maintains the efficacy benefits beyond therapy completion after 5 years. Adjuvant treatment with anastrozole for postmenopausal women with HR+ EBC is a cost-effective alternative to tamoxifen. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Viel E.,Oncological Practice | Vanoli A.,Oncological Practice | Melis A.,Oncological Practice | Rocher F.,Oncology and Radiotherapy Center Du Parc | Schipman B.,Oncology and Radiotherapy Center Du Parc
Climacteric | Year: 2016

ABSTRACT: Objectives: This paper aims to highlight the efficiency of auriculotherapy in the treatment of hot flushes, especially in cancer-related menopausal transition. Methods: We used systematically collected data from patients in 2014 in a medical oncology practice. The treatment was made according to the guidelines of The Inter-University Diploma and the cartography of the World Health Organization; data on satisfaction were collected orally. Results: In 2014, 49 patients, among whom 41 had cancer, were treated for hot flushes. Although it is not recommended to treat several symptoms during the same session, we dealt with 1.7 symptoms per session on average. Sixty-nine percent of the patients were satisfied. We lacked data for nine patients, who did not come to the minimal recommended number of treatments (three). Only one patient among those who did not observe any improvement received three treatments. Conclusions: Auricular acupuncture is a safe and cheap method to treat hot flushes. It has been effective in numerous and various cases, among which were patients who presented cancer-related menopausal symptoms. It may be applied for a large variety of other symptoms. © 2016 International Menopause Society. Source

Von Weikersthal L.F.,Klinikum Sankt Marien | Schalhorn A.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Stauch M.,Oncological Practice | Maubach P.A.,Oncological Practice Nussbaumstrasse | And 10 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2011

Purpose: To determine whether irinotecan plus oxaliplatin (mIROX) is superior to irinotecan plus infusional 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin (FUFIRI) as first-line therapy of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Patients and methods: A phase III, randomised, open-label multicentre study compared standard treatment with FUFIRI (irinotecan 80 mg/m2, 5-fluorouracil 2000 mg/m2, folinic acid 500 mg/m2 weekly times 6) to mIROX using an identical schedule of irinotecan plus oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 applied on days 1, 15 and 29 of a 7-week cycle. The primary end-point was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: A total of 479 eligible patients were randomly assigned. Progression-free survival was 7.2 months in the mIROX arm and 8.2 months in the FUFIRI arm [hazard ratio = 1.14; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.94-1.37; P = 0.178]. Comparable results were also obtained for overall survival time with 19 months in the mIROX-arm and 22 months in the FUFIRI-arm (hazard ratio = 1.08, P = 0.276). Both regimens induced an identical objective response rate (ORR) of 41%, but disease control rate (ORR plus stable disease) was significantly greater in the FUFIRI group (81% versus 68%, P = 0.001). Most frequent grades 1-4 side-effects of mIROX and FUFIRI treatment were nausea (80% versus 73%) and delayed diarrhoea (79% versus 68%). Grades 3-4 toxicities were generally below 10%, except for diarrhoea which was more frequent in the mIROX-arm compared to the FUFIRI-arm (19% versus 30%, P = 0.006) Conclusion: mIROX failed to show superior activity compared to high-dose 5-FU/folinic acid plus irinotecan. Due to better tolerability the combination of high-dose 5-FU/folinic acid and irinotecan remains a standard of care in first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Huober J.,Breast Center Kantonsspital | Fett W.,Oncological Practice | Nusch A.,Oncological Practice | Neise M.,Oncological Practice | And 6 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2010

Background: Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) is active in metastatic breast cancer. This observational study evaluated the efficacy and safety of PLD in patients treated during routine clinical practice.Methods: Eligible patients had metastatic breast cancer and were treated with PLD according to the dose and schedule determined by their physician as part of routine practice. The primary objectives were to analyze the efficacy and toxicity of PLD therapy.Results: 125 patients were assessable. Median age was 62 years, 78% had performance status 0-1, and 60% had estrogen-receptor-positive disease. PLD treatment was second- or third-line in 69% of patients. Prior anthracyclines (adjuvant or metastatic) had been used in 56% of patients. The majority of patients (79%) received PLD every 4 weeks at a median dose of 40 mg/m 2. Overall response rate was 43% in all patients and 34% in those previously treated with anthracyclines. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were skin toxicity/hand-foot syndrome (6%), and leukopenia (3%).Conclusions: This observational study supports the activity and tolerability of PLD in metastatic breast cancer as demonstrated in PLD clinical trials. © 2010 Huober et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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