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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2010

Protecting its citizens from terrorism remains a high priority for the EC. Current SOA security procedures for air travel have significantly improved airport security. The need is now to protect the softer, unprotected areas such as mass transportation systems and hubs which are being targeted with devastating effect (London, Madrid). They are largely unprotected since current security systems are too expensive and too slow. Therefore, there is an urgent need for innovative new security screening technology that can provide a low cost, rapid walk-by screening at normal flow rates. Whilst millimetre-wave (mm-wave) technology is the leading technology, cost is a barrier. The critical part of mm-wave systems is the detector module, at a cost of 1125 per pixel, the imager module accounts for 60% of the overall system cost. At present this high cost is due to the cost of semiconductor material and the cost of assembly and tuning to overcome resonance effects. This proposal will develop an innovative solution to reduce mm-wave module cost down to 150. This is clearly ambitious, but with the innovations below we are confident we can be successful: a) Integrating the LNA & detector stages onto a single semiconductor wafer b) Developing GaAs semiconductor wafer using mHEMPT epi-layer instead of pHEMT c) Integrating a novel antenna and waveguide into a low cost, injection moulded liquid crystal polymer (LCP) substrate. This is an extremely challenging project requiring significant scientific knowledge generation and technology development. As an SME we do not have all the in house skills to develop this solution alone and the skills gaps are provided by our RTD performers. Without the research for SME initiative we would not have the financial resources to engage this leading European expertise. The US currently dominates the growing imaging market ($49m, predicted to grow by 1800% in 5 years) which we aim to access for Europe with this project.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2012.3.4-5 | Award Amount: 4.74M | Year: 2013

Security checks at borders are required to be increasingly thorough and fast. There are currently two types of technologies available for this application: those that automatically detect objects concealed on a person, and those that rely on human operator analysis and interpretation in order to classify or identify body-borne threats. The objective of TeraSCREEN is to combine these two capabilities, thus providing automatic detection and classification of body-borne threats for security screening. This will significantly improve both efficiency and security at border checks. TeraSCREEN aims to develop passive and active operation at several Terahertz frequencies. The resulting multi-frequency, multi-mode images will be processed automatically in real-time to reveal the location of potentially harmful objects concealed on a person. Privacy Enhancing Technologies will be used: the information will be displayed to the operator on a generic computerised silhouette and no anatomical details will be shown or saved. Terahertz radiation is non-ionizing, and reliable studies have shown that active operation in this frequency band is harmless to humans. The automatic recognition of threats, in addition to removing privacy issues, reduces the level of attention required from the operator, which implies a reduction in the personnel necessary for continuous operation. The TeraSCREEN Prototype System will be demonstrated at a live control point in Bristol International Airport. The feedback from the End-User and Advisory Board members will facilitate, outside this project, the conversion of the prototype into an innovative security screening product that will significantly improve the security and efficiency at, and experience of, border checks. The consortium consists of 12 partners from academia, research and industry across Europe, who each play complementary roles in the project and are interested in exploiting the results together.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.2 | Award Amount: 9.71M | Year: 2011

RF communication and remote sensing (radar/radiometric) systems are facing the demands ofincreasing complexity/number of frequency bands, increased bandwidths and higher frequencies forhigher data throughput, while at the same time the power consumption, the form factor of the systems,and the overall system costs need to be reduced. Smart micro-/mm-wave systems will have to achieveself-reconfigurable operations for real-time efficient self-optimization of their performance. For suchadaptive systems, high-performance tuning components and strategies for buildingmonolithically integrated miniaturised reconfigurable RF circuits/front-ends are highly needed.The NANOTEC project aims to generate innovative approaches towards novel RF/mm-wave systemswith increased functionality and potentially lower cost addressing future needs of European industry.NANOTEC will develop 3 Demonstrators (1: 10-24 GHz reflect arrays for aerospace, 2: 94 GHz highsensitivity front-ends for passive imaging and 3: 140 GHz radar front-ends for active imaging) with advanced functionalities based on enabling technologies and via monolithic integration of highperformance RF-MEMS switches in GaN/SiGe IC foundry processes. NANOTEC will aim toimprove reliability of RF-MEMS by using NANO structured materials and to demonstrate addedvalueby employing the proposed GaN/SiGe MEMS-ICs for 10-140 GHz applications. Theemergence of European sources (SiGe/GaN MEMS-IC foundries) will play a key role towardsincreasing the availability of RF-MEMS TEChnology and related products (thus shortening the timeto-market). If successful, NANOTEC will also lead to improved safety/security thus creating novel business opportunities/jobs for existing/new companies in Europe. The NANOTEC consortiumconsists of 17 partners (7 countries) including European stakeholders in the field of communications,avionics, space and security.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.6 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2008

The MEMS-4-MMIC proposal aims at the integration of RF-MEMS switches onto Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits (MMIC) creating highly integrated multifunctional building blocks for high-value applications. RF-MEMS will be an essential building block of next-generation smart systems that are characterised by cost-effective and compact designs, high performance, flexibility and configurability.\n\nMEMS-4-MMIC will consider the whole value chain of RF-MEMS MMIC components starting at the materials and suitable foundry processes, the RF-design, packaging of RF-MEMS MMIC, and last but not least, the testing and reliability which plays a very important role in the whole manufacturing/commercialisation process. For this purpose one of Europes leading GaAs MMIC foundries is part of the consortium. The definition of first RF-MEMS MMIC components starts with the selection of the correct requirements that are dictated by next-generation wireless smart applications, automotive radar, satellite terminals, 60 GHz WLAN and cognitive radio frontends. As a proof-of-concept an RF-MEMS MMIC based antenna module will be realised at the end of project showing the innovative character and possibilities for commercial exploitation.\n\nThe MEMS-4-MMIC project will significantly contribute to the knowledge and competence to include RF-MEMS switches on existing GaAs MMIC foundry processes. The project aims to provide the enabling technology platform needed for the future establishment of an RF-MEMS MMIC manufacturing base within Europe.\n\nIf successful, MEMS-4-MMIC will speed-up the commercialisation of RF-MEMS MMIC components for small scale as well as large scale production (shorten time-to-market), and be accessible for all types of customers, thus turning RF-MEMS MMIC technology into pure profit for Europe wireless highway of tomorrow.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-06-2014 | Award Amount: 3.33M | Year: 2015

Never technology has penetrated so deeply and fast in society everyday life as Internet has done in the last decades and is expected to do in the future. The enormous flux of data transferred via wireless networks, increasing at exponential pace, makes todays state of the art networks soon outdated. Large parts of the society are deprived of adequate access to Internet due to the high costs, long deployment time of optical fibres and inadequate performance of wireless networks. This inequality will most likely pertain in the next years. Millimetre waves are the most promising solution to support the increasing data throughput and to be a credible fibre complement for the last miles. The TWEETHER aim is to realise the millimetre wave Point to multi Point segment to finally link fibre, and sub-6GHz distribution for a full three segment hybrid network, that is the most cost-effective architecture to reach mobile or fixed final individual client. The TWEETHER project responds to the call H2020-ICT6, to foster smart wireless network architecture for high capacity everywhere outdoor data distribution, in gigabit class, that other technologies cannot support, at low operating cost. High spectrum and energy efficient W-band (92-95GHz) technology will be developed. A powerful and compact transmission hub based on a novel traveling wave tube power amplifier with performance precluded to any other technology and an advanced chipset in a compact terminal will be realised. The TWEETHER system will be tested in a real operating environment. Integrated smart networks of backhaul for 4G and 5G small cells and of access for residential houses are the targeted market that benefits from the actual light regulation of W-band. A big company Thales Electron Devices, four SMEs, Bluwan, OMMIC, HFSE, Fibernova, and three top Universities, Lancaster, Goethe Frankfurt, Politecnica de Valencia, join their expertise to successfully tackle the formidable challenges of the TWEETHER project.

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