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Omar Al-Mukhtar University , located in Bayda, started as an Islamic university. It was founded in 1835 by Ali al-Sanusi of the religious group 'Kzawip Senussi' in 1961. It has grown to be a moderately religious institute and teaches students the correct practises in regards to scripture reading and interpretation. OAMU educates students from many locations worldwide, including Malta, Cyprus, Egypt, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sudan and Chad.The Baksmha procedure room of OAMU is capable of housing thousands of students, although clashes between different religious sects has led to a shortage of experienced preachers and speakers. However, after the revolution, Fatih University has been rejected as a beacon to the Islamic Movement of mother-to-Senussi, a movement now banned in Libya.OAMU now belongs to the Faculty of Agriculture, the University of Garyounis is an independent and established university general in 1984. Follow the General People's Committee for Higher Education in the name of the campus now. Wikipedia.

Elhddad A.S.A.,Omar Al-Mukhtar University | Lashen H.,University of Sheffield
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica | Year: 2013

Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) are key regulators of fetal growth. However, the literature is inconsistent. Our objective was to systematically and objectively evaluate the available literature and to develop a balanced opinion on the relation between maternal and fetal IGF-axes and birthweight. A systematic review and a meta-analysis were conducted according to the published Moose (Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) guidelines. A robust recognized systematic methodology was used in the literature search and analysis to avoid bias. Weighted mean difference and 95% confidence intervals of cord/maternal IGFs and IGFBP-1 and -3 were calculated. Eleven observational studies were included. Cord IGF-I (p < 0.0001) and IGFBP-3 (p = 0.003) were significantly higher in large-for-gestational age (LGA) than appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) babies. Cord IGFBP-1 was significantly higher in small-for-gestational age (SGA) than AGA babies (p < 0.0001). LGA and AGA babies had similar IGF-II levels, whereas SGA and AGA babies had comparable IGF-I levels. IGF-I was significantly higher in mothers of AGA than SGA babies (p < 0.0001). The assay methods and background population marginally affect the overall homogeneity and the direction of the primary analysis. Fetal IGFs and their binding proteins play different roles in fetal growth at either end of the growth spectrum. Fetal IGF-I and IGFBP-3 may be influential in LGA. However, fetal IGFBP-1 has a more prominent role in SGA. © 2013 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Source

Khalifa M.A.,Omar Al-Mukhtar University
Journal of African Earth Sciences | Year: 2015

In the Al Qasim region, Saudi Arabia, Ediacaran to Lower Cambrian facies are represented by polymictic conglomerates that occur locally in channels formed by the Najd fault system. The Middle-Upper Cambrian-Ordovician succession is exposed along the western margin of the Arabian Basin in the Al Qasim region, and is represented by the Middle-Upper Cambrian Saq Formation and the Lower Ordovician Anz Formation. The Saq Formation consists of two lithologic units. The lower unit comprises massive, trough and low-angle cross-bedded sandstones and siltstone-mudstone channel layers. It is interpreted as channel facies, probably deposited in a fluvial or estuarine environment. The upper unit of the Saq Formation includes sandy siltstone and bioturbated thin-bedded and rippled sandstone with the ichnogenus Cruziana and vertical burrows such as Skolithos. The Anz Formation consists of thin-bedded, bioturbated and laminated sandstones intercalated with bedded siltstone to mudstone. Siliceous (silicified) lithoclastic sandstone occurs at the top. These facies indicate coastal and shallow intertidal environments. The Anz Formation contains different ichnospecies of Cruziana, e.g., Cruziana cf., C. furcifera; C. huberi and C. goldfussi. These fossils are indicative of Early Ordovician age and can be used for correlation with the adjacent countries. Both the Saq and the Anz Formations were eroded in some areas by the glacial movement of the overlying Lower Ordovician-Lower Silurian Zarqa and Sarah formations. Sedimentation occurred on a wide shelf on a passive margin with low accommodation. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Hussein A.,Omar Al-Mukhtar University
Drug discoveries & therapeutics | Year: 2012

Cisplatin is a potent chemotherapeutic agent with a wide range of activities. Nephrotoxicity and cardiotoxicity represent it's major complication upon clinical use. The present study was carried out to evaluate the possible protective effect of DL-α-lipoic acid (LA) against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and cardiotoxicity. Different groups of rats (n = 10) were administered either saline (control), cisplatin (10 mg/kg, i.p.), LA (100 mg/kg, i.p.) or their combination (LA 30 min prior to cisplatin administration). Twenty-four hours later all animals were decapitated and sera were used for estimation of activities of urea (BUN), creatinine (Cr), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatine kinase (CK). Homogenates of the kidney and heart were used for estimation of oxidative stress markers (reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and nitric oxide (NO)). Additionally, caspase-3 activities and DNA-fragmentation were investigated in renal tissues. The results showed that cisplatin produced significant elevation in serum activities of LDH, CK, BUN, and Cr and also induced significant elevation in the oxidative stress makers (MDA and NO) accompanied by significant reduction in GSH and SOD in both kidney and heart. The integrity of DNA was heavily damaged and caspase-3 was activated in renal tissues. The results emphasized nephrotoxicty and cardiotoxicity of cisplatin. On the other hand, prior administration of LA significantly attenuated the cisplatin-evoked disturbances in the above mentioned parameters and protected both kidney and heart tissues. The histopathological examination emphasized the obtained results. In conclusion, LA is suggested to be a potential candidate to ameliorate cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and cardiotoxicity without altering the antitumor efficacy of cisplatin. Source

Mohamed F.A.,Omar Al-Mukhtar University | Koivo H.N.,Aalto University
International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems | Year: 2012

This paper presents a generalized formulation for determining the optimal operating strategy and cost optimization scheme and reduction of emissions of a MicroGrid (MG). Multiobjective (MO) optimization is applied to the environmental economic problem of the MG. The proposed problem is formulated as a nonlinear constrained MO optimization problem. The proposed problem takes into consideration the operation and maintenance costs as well as the emission reduction of NO x, SO 2, and CO 2. The MG considered in this paper consists of a wind turbine, a micro turbine, a diesel generator, a photovoltaic array, a fuel cell, and a battery storage. The Multiobjective Mesh Adaptive Direct Search (MOMADS) is employed to minimize the cost function of the system while constraining it to meet the costumer demand and safety of the system. A comparison is made with Multiobjective Sequential Quadratic Programming (MOSQP). The results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed approach to satisfy the load and to reduce the cost and the emissions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

El-Dossoki F.I.,Port Said University | El-Dossoki F.I.,Omar Al-Mukhtar University
Journal of Solution Chemistry | Year: 2013

Conductances of the aqueous solutions of the ionic liquids, ILs, [1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [C n Mim]Cl and [1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide [C n Mim]Br (n = 9 and 10) have been measured at 288.15, 293.15, 298.15, 303.15, 308.15 and 313.15 K. Critical micelle concentrations (CMCs) were determined from the conductance data. Concentration dependence of the specific conductance is discussed and the limiting equivalent conductance of the ionic liquids was determined and discussed. To define which temperature range should be investigated for the thermodynamic parameters, the Krafft temperature of each IL was investigated. The ionization degree and the thermodynamic parameters (â̂†G m 0, â̂†H m 0, â̂†S m 0) of the micelle formation were also estimated and discussed. The dependency of the CMC on the length of the alkyl chain of the investigated 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium ILs was also studied. It is shown that the CMC is directly related to the lipophilicity of the cation. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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