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Muscat, Oman

Oman Medical College is the second medical college in the Sultanate of Oman, and is situated in Sohar in the North Batinha region.The premedical campus is located in Bowsher. First year is taught as a foundation course and second and third years are completed in Bowsher campus before the medical school years of Sohar campus. Some part of the coursework is also completed in Rustaq with students taking courses with doctors at Rustaq hospital. The associated hospital with the Sohar campus is Sohar hospital, one of the biggest governmental hospitals in the country. Total course work spans over a period of 7 years and the degree awarded is that of a Doctor of Medicine . The Bowsher campus also offers a degree in pharmacy . This degree spans over a period of 5 and a half years. Wikipedia.

Abukhader M.M.,Oman Medical College
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2014

Objective: The study was conducted to evaluate the quality of the medical prescription form which is used by prescribers who are working in different health care facilities in Muscat, Oman in terms of preprinted contents as well as to study prescribers attitude towards these forms. Methods: for research purposes only, photocopies of 74 blank prescription forms were obtained from 74 health care facilities (71 private and 3 government) and 888 prescriptions were collected, reviewed and analyzed. Results: medical prescription forms collected in the study showed an inconsistency in their preprinted contents as well as an attitude variation amongst prescribers towards the preprinted contents of the prescription forms was recorded. Only 13.51% of the 74 prescription forms are of an ideal standard quality and 42.45% of the 888 prescriptions showed prescribers adherence in completely filling in the prescription forms. Conclusion: observations reported in this study regarding the prescription form quality and the prescriber attitude towards these forms could affect the communication between the prescriber and the recipient which ultimately influence patient safety. The policy adopted by the management of the health care facilities in Muscat could be a major contributor to these observations. Source

Apte C.V.,Oman Medical College | Tomar R.K.S.,Medical Depot | Sharma C.D.,Base Hospital
Medical Journal Armed Forces India | Year: 2015

Background: There is uncertainty whether acclimatized low-landers who return to high altitude after a sojourn at low altitude have a higher incidence of pulmonary edema than during the first exposure to high altitude. Methods: Thiswas a prospective cohort study consisting of men ascending to 3400mby road (N = 1003) or by air (N = 4178). The study compared the incidence of high altitude pulmonary edema during first exposure vs the incidence during re-exposure in each of these cohorts. Results: Pulmonary edema occurred in 13 of the 4178 entries by air (Incidence: 0.31%, 95% CI: 0.18%e0.53%). The incidence during first exposure was 0.18% (0.05%e0.66%) and 0.36% (0.2%e0.64%) during re-exposure (Fisher Exact Test for differences in the incidence (two-tailed) p = 0.534). The relative risk for the re-exposure cohort was 1.95 (95% CI, 0.43%e8.80%). Pulmonary edema occurred in 3 of the 1003 road entrants (Incidence: 0.30%, 95% CI: 0.08%e0.95%). All three cases occurred in the re-exposure cohort. Conclusion: The large overlap of confidence intervals between incidence during first exposure and re-exposure; the nature of the confidence interval of the relative risk; and the result of the Fisher exact test, all suggest that this difference in incidence could have occurred purely by chance. We did not find evidence for a significantly higher incidence of HAPE during re-entry to HA after a sojourn in the plains. © 2013, Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS). All rights reserved. Source

Abukhader M.M.,Oman Medical College
Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Snack foods; crisps and biscuits, and beverages; fruit juices and soft drinks, are some of the most commonly consumed products by children of school age worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate if snack foods and beverages are suitable for consumption by children of school age through recording and comparing the nutritional information presented on the nutrition panel such as energy, protein, total carbohydrates and total fat for these products. METHODS: The nutritional information from 56 products sold in different supermarket out lets across Muscat, the capital city of Oman, was collected and statistically analysed using the mean and the percentage of Recommended Daily Intake. RESULTS: Based on the percentage of Recommended Daily Intake of energy and nutrients, crisps offer higher amounts of energy and total fat for children when compared to biscuits. Meanwhile, biscuits offer lower amount of energy than crisps but offer a higher amount of total carbohydrates for children. Regarding fruit juices and soft drinks, the former offer higher amount of energy than the later but both, however, offer comparable amounts of total carbohydrates. CONCLUSION: Upon comparing the nutritional information of the products studied and considering their nutritional benefits and health risks, it seems that biscuits are suitable choice for children. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

Ahmad R.,Oman Medical College | Ahsan H.,Jamia Millia Islamia University
Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibodies directed against various biomolecules. The initial immunogens that drive the development of SLE are unknown, but characteristics of the immune response in SLE suggest that it is an antigen-driven response, and a chromatin antigen could be one of the immunogens for the production of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in SLE. Other factors implicated in the pathogenesis of SLE include nitrogen-free radicals such as nitric oxide and peroxynitrite. The free radical-mediated damage to proteins results in the modification of amino acid residues, cross-linking of side chains and fragmentation. The tyrosine residues in proteins are susceptible to attack by various reactive nitrogen intermediates, including peroxynitrite to form 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT). The presence of nitrated proteins in vivo indicates that peptides derived from the proteolytic degradation of modified proteins could serve as neoantigens. Histones are highly conserved proteins that are rich in basic amino acids lysine and arginine. Autoantibodies against histones and anti-DNA antibodies are present in SLE. The anti-DNA autoantibodies coexist with anti-histone autoantibodies and may react with chromatin-associated histones and histone complexes. Elevated levels of reactive nitrogen species (RNS) in SLE patients suggest a possible role in the pathogenesis of the disease. The alteration of proteins resulting from photomodification or peroxynitrite could lead to the development of antibodies. Therefore, the modified proteins or photoadducts could have important implications in autoimmunity, and understanding the pathophysiology of peroxynitrite-modified biomolecules could lead to a better understanding of autoimmune phenomenon in SLE. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Italia. Source

Abukhader M.,Oman Medical College
Pharmacognosy Reviews | Year: 2013

Thymoquinone (TQ) is The bioactive phytochemical constituent of The seeds oil of Nigella sativa. In vitro and in vivo research has Thoroughly investigated The anticancer effects of TQ against several cancer cell lines and animal models. As a result, a considerable amount of information has been generated from research Thus providing a better understanding of The anti-proliferating activity of This compound. Therefore, it is appropriate That TQ should move from Testing on The bench To clinical experiments. The purpose of This review is To highlight The potential of TQ as an anticancer agent and The chances of This compound in The clinical Treatment of cancer, with special attention on breast cancer Treatment. Source

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