Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital

İstanbul, Turkey

Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital

İstanbul, Turkey
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Hanci D.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2016

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential preventive effect of resveratrol in rats exposed to acoustic trauma (AT).MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups: Group 1 (Control, n = 6), Group 2 (AT, n = 6), and Group 3 (resveratrol + AT). The rats in Group 2 were exposed to AT. The rats in Group 3 received resveratrol (300 mg/kg/day) via gavage for 7 days. On day 7, the rats were exposed to AT 10 min following resveratrol treatment. Histological sections of the cochleae were examined using light microscopy, transmission (TEM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).RESULTS: The cochlear hair cells, stereocilia, and Deiters' cells of the control group appeared normal in all microscopic evaluations. In Group 2, light microscopy revealed predominantly inner hair cell loss, although the outer hair cells were affected. TEM and SEM examination showed severe loss of stereocilia and SEM revealed stereocilia arranged in an asymmetric array. The cochlear structure in Group 3 appeared well preserved under the light microscope, and although TEM and SEM revealed stereocilia loss, the hair cells and stereocilia appeared near normal compared with those of Group 2.CONCLUSIONS: Resveratrol may have a protective effect against AT damage in the cochlea, most likely through its antioxidant activity. Our results may be useful for studies in humans exposed to AT and noise-induced hearing loss related to chronic exposure to occupational noise.

Gungor S.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy | Year: 2015

Although rare, foot injuries caused by toothpicks can result in serious complications such as severe pain, local inflammation and infection in several days, and a delayed granulamatous foreign-body reaction in weeks or months. For this reason they should be removed from the tissue in the early phase. Here, we report case of penetration injury caused by a toothpick treated using Er: YAG laser ablation. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Uyar Y.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
Kulak burun boǧaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat | Year: 2011

We aimed to compare the results of extracapsullary dissection (ED) with superficial parotidectomy (SP) in the surgical treatment of benign parotid tumors. Forty-one patients who were diagnosed with pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland and underwent surgery between January 1992 and June 2000 were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into two groups: the ED group (6 males, 15 females; mean age 47.2 years; range 32 to 57 years) and the SP group (7 males, 13 females; mean age 47.7 years; range 29 to 61 years). ED was performed on 21 patients and SP was performed on 20 patients. All patients were followed-up postoperatively and the mean follow-up time was 194 (range 117 to 264) months. Although no complications developed in the ED group patients during the follow-up period, there were several cases in the SP group: three cases of salivary fistula, one of Frey's syndrome, three case of temporary facial paresis and 13 of cosmetic deformity. The cosmetic deformities were as minimal depressions in the parotid region. There have been no recurrences in either group. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding cosmetic deformity (p=0.000 and X2=19.27). There was also a statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding general complications (p=0.001 and X2Y: 8.32). Extracapsullary dissection is a safe and reliable surgical procedure compared to superficial parotidectomy with a lower complication rate and a similiar recurrence rate.

Mutlu O.O.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2016

INTRODUCTION:: Cutis verticis gyrata is a rare skin disorder characterized by formation of thick skin folds and grooves. Because of the risk of malignant transformation, these lesions must be surgically excised. In this study, the authors aimed to present a successful reconstruction of scalp with free latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap after total excision of giant cerebriform intradermal nevus that causes cutis verticis gyrata. PATIENT REPORT:: An 18-year-old male patient attended to our clinic with a large tumor that covers almost 80% of his scalp. Lesion is diagnosed as cerebriform intradermal nevus. Excision of the tumor and scalp reconstruction with free latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap is planned and the patient is operated. DISCUSSION:: Free tissue transfer is one of the best choices for full thickness defects that covers 80% of scalp with its excellent reconstructive and aesthetical results. Reconstruction with free flaps reduces the number of operations necessary to cover the defect unlike serial tissue expansion or staged excision methods. Free flaps are also a good alternative when the patient has not enough hair-bearing tissue to expand. Low donor site morbidity also makes free latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flaps excellent choice. CONCLUSION:: Cerebriform intradermal nevus is one of the most common causes of cutis verticis gyrata and has an importance due to the current risk of malign transformation. Latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous free flap is a reliable and aesthetically acceptable reconstruction option in the patients of giant cutis verticis gyrata due to sufficient pedicle length, reliable vascularized tissue volume, and large surface area. © 2016 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

Yoney A.,Karadeniz Technical University | Isikli L.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Background: 5-fluoro-uracil (FU) is a common agent in postoperative chemoradiation in gastric adenocarcinoma. However, FU is not well tolerated in a significant proportion of patients. Capecitabine (CA) is an orally administered fluoropyrimidine carbamate which is preferentially converted to active 5-FU and is one of the agents used instead of FU in such cases. We compared the toxicity, local and distant control and survival rates with FU or oral CA during the course of concurrent radiotherapy to assess the role of CA used instead of FU. Materials and Methods: We conducted an analysis of survival, disease control and toxicity data in 46 patients treated with postoperative chemoradiation following total or subtotal gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma with either FU or CA between January 2008 and December 2012. Results: Median follow-up was 19 months (range: 3-59), median survival time was 23 (±6.08) months and 1-3 years overall survival (OS) rates were 64.9-39% for all patients. Compared with the CA regimen, the incidence of treatment interruption was higher with FU (p=0.023), but no significant differences were seen in local control (p=0.510), distant recurrences (p=0.721) and survival rates (p=0.866) among patients. Conclusions: Concurrent CA with radiotherapy seems to be a more tolerable and an equally effective regimen for the postoperative treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma when compared to FU.

Esenyel M.,Istanbul Medeniyet University | Icagasioglu A.,Istanbul Medeniyet University | Esenyel C.Z.,OkmeydanI Training and Research Hospital
Rheumatology International | Year: 2013

There has been a recent interest in calcitonin as a potential treatment for osteoarthritis, based on its metabolic activities in both bone turnover and cartilage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nasal form calcitonin on knee osteoarthritis and quality of life in women who receive calcitonin treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Two hundred and twenty postmenopausal women, aged between 55 and 65 years with knee pain and knee osteoarthritis, graded II-III by using Kellgren-Lawrence radiographic scoring system, were included. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index, the quality of life questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QALEFFO-41) and visual analog scale were used for the algofunctional assessments. Need of rescue analgesic was recorded. Pain (P < 0.001), stiffness (P < 0.05), functional capability (P < 0.05) and total score of WOMAC (P < 0.05) revealed statistically significant improvements after 3 months of the treatment and remained consistent throughout 1 year of the treatment period. Participants experienced significant reductions in WOMAC perceptions of pain (-53 %), joint stiffness (-44 %) and limitations in physical function (-49 %) at the end of 1 year of calcitonin treatment. Need of rescue analgesic intake was reported to have decreased approximately by 60 % at the end of the 1-year treatment period. QUALEFFO-41 scores improved: 37.6 (baseline), 30.9 (3 months), 28.0 (6 months) and 24.4 (1 year). In conclusion, nasal calcitonin treatment provided dual action on osteoporosis and osteoarthritis with significant improvements in quality of life and algofunctional results in knee osteoarthritis. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Tamam M.O.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2012

Krukenberg tumor is a metastatic ovarian tumor with primary focus usually seen in the gastrointestinal tract. Metastatic involvement of the ovary is an uncommon manifestation of malignancy. We report a [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) appearance of solitary unilateral ovarian metastasis in a 44-year-old woman with a history of mucinous adenocarcinoma type of gastric carcinoma. Total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Histopathological verification determined metastasis of mucinous adenocarcinoma with components of signet-ring cell carcinoma in the right ovary.

Eyigor S.,Ege University | Kanyilmaz S.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
World Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women, but fortunately has high survival rates. Many studies have been performed to investigate the effects of exercise in patients diagnosed with breast cancer. There is evidence that exercise after the diagnosis of breast cancer improves mortality, morbidity, health related quality of life, fatigue, physical functioning, muscle strength, and emotional wellbeing. Based on scientific data, breast cancer patients should be recommended to participate in rehabilitation programs including aerobic and strength training. The aim of this article is to review the recently published data on the effect of exercise in patients with breast cancer in order to present the current perspective on the topic. © 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.

Gedik H.,Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology | Year: 2012

Antimicrobial resistance has been a challenge in all countries. The aim of this study is to ascertain the risk factors that predispose patients to infections with extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL)-producing gram-negative bacteria and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Patients who were treated in the secondary care hospital due to infections in 2009 and their isolates were evaluated retrospectively. In total, 174 patients and their 189 isolates, which contained 36 ESBL-producing gram-negative bacteria, 112 non-ESBL-producing gram-negative bacteria, and 41 gram-positive bacteria were evaluated retrospectively. Hospitalisation in the previous 3 months, comorbidity, and usage of amoxicillin-clavulanate in the previous 3 months were determined to be the risk factors associated with infections by the ESBL-producing gram-negative bacteria. Hospitalisation was found to be a risk factor for infection with MRSA. Hospitalisation and underlying conditions increase the colonisation with resistant bacteria and resistance rates in the patients, hospitals and communities. An infection control programme should be contemplated not only for hospitals, but also for the greater community.

The aim of the current study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of whole-body 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in detecting carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). A total of 7,636 patients were investigated by FDG-PET/CT examinations at our Institution. We retrospectively evaluated the file records of 432 patients who were referred to FDG PET/CT imaging with a diagnosis of cancer of unknown primary, and included 316 of the patients with histopathologic verification at the final diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were calculated. The Kaplan-Meier test was used for survival analysis. Median survival rate was calculated to evaluate the prognostic value of the FDG-PET/ CT findings. In the search for a primary, FDG-PET/CT findings correctly diagnosed lesions as the site of the primary true positive in 238 cases, 10 findings diagnosed no site of a primary and none was subsequently proven true negative, 12 diagnoses were false positive and 56 were false negative. The sensitivity of FDG-PET/CT is 81% and the specificity 45%. Positive predictive value, negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy were 95%, 15% and 78%, respectively. Whole-body FDG-PET/CT imaging is proven to be useful method in the search for the primary focus and metastases in patients with cancer of unknown primary.

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