Shinzato Y.,Okinawa Prefectural Agricultural Research Center |
Shinzato Y.,Kagoshima University |
Uehara K.,Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing |
Ueno M.,University of Ryukyus
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food | Year: 2015
Small-sized sugarcane harvesters (SSHs) were field-tested to evaluate their performance and adaptability with the aim of improving their operation under wet conditions caused by frequent rain during the harvesting season. SSHs performed better than larger machines in wet fields, harvesting 120 t/ha of yield and lodged sugarcane. Harvesting losses with SSHs were almost the same as those with middle-sized harvesters (MSHs) in small fields with narrow headlands. Stool damage, stools pulled out and extraneous matter in wet fields where SSHs were used were lower than those where MSHs were used. In addition, SSHs can work in the narrow row spacing, resulting in increased productivity. Overall, it was shown that SSHs were highly adaptability in the wet sugarcane fields of Okinawa. © 2015 Asian Agricultural and Biological Engineering Association.
Michikawa T.,Japan National Institute of Environmental Studies |
Michikawa T.,Keio University |
Nishiwaki Y.,Keio University |
Nishiwaki Y.,Toho University |
And 7 more authors.
Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences | Year: 2013
Background.Oxidative stress is an important factor in the pathology of age-related hearing loss. Recent animal studies have reported that ultraviolet radiation in sunlight is related to systemic induction of oxidative stress. Chronic sun exposure leads to photodamaged skin, which is manifested as facial skin wrinkling and hyperpigmentation. We hypothesized that sunlight exposure, as assessed by the severity of facial skin photodamage, might be associated with hearing impairment through an oxidative stress mechanism. To examine this, we performed a cross-sectional analysis by using the baseline data from a community-based cohort study of older Japanese.Methods.A total of 805 residents (342 men and 463 women) aged 65 years or older living in Kurabuchi Town, Gunma prefecture, Japan, were examined between 2005 and 2006. Facial skin condition was quantified by image analysis of standardized facial images. Hearing impairment was defined as a failure to hear a 30-dB signal at 1 kHz and a 40-dB signal at 4 kHz in the better ear in pure-tone audiometric tests.Results.In men, facial wrinkle was positively associated with hearing impairment (for highest vs lowest: multivariate-adjusted odds ratio, 2.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-4.66; p for trend =. 01). Stratified analysis by age, educational level, smoking status, sunscreen or foundation use, and diabetes showed results similar to those for men as a whole. This association was particularly pronounced in men with the low levels of antioxidants and without occupational noise exposure. We observed no apparent association in women.Conclusions.The results support the hypothesis that chronic sun exposure is a risk factor of hearing impairment. © 2012 The Author.
Akamine I.,University of Ryukyus |
Akamine I.,Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing |
Uza M.,University of Ryukyus |
Shinjo M.,Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing |
Nakamori E.,Naha City Hospital
Japan Journal of Nursing Science | Year: 2013
Aim: The aim of this study was to develop a new scale, the Competence Scale for Senior Clinical Nurses (CS-SCN), to assess and evaluate senior clinical nurses in hospitals, and to confirm the validity and reliability of the scale. Method: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was undertaken at a hospital in Japan, using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire administered to clinical nurses (n=374). A useable sample of 218 was achieved, which was used in the analysis. Statistical analysis examined exploratory/confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency, and construct validity. Results: A five factor solution with 22 items was extracted for nursing competence in senior clinical nurses, which was the interpretable questionnaire. In the confirmatory factor analysis, the indices of fitness supported these results. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.93 for the total score and varied between 0.63 and 0.90 in the five factors. Five factors emerged from an oblique factor analysis, with a cumulative variance of 66.7%: "role accomplishment"; "self-management"; "research"; "practice and coordination"; and "work implementation". The five factors had only a moderate correlation (0.30-0.77, P<0.001) with each other, which indicated construct validity. Conclusion: The CS-SCN, a concise scale to measure and evaluate the competence of senior clinical nurses, was developed. Results suggest initial support for the new instrument as a measure of competence of senior clinical nurses, but it must be further refined, tested, and evaluated. Both the validity and reliability of the scale were verified. Future studies using the CS-SCN might lead to improvement in the competence of senior clinical nurses. © 2012 The Authors Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2012 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.
PubMed | University of Ryukyus and Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Japan journal of nursing science : JJNS | Year: 2016
We aimed to develop a Recognition Scale for Female Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Patients (RS-FIPVP); measure the levels and clarify the structure of IPV recognition among clinical nurses; and confirm the validity and reliability of the scale.A cross-sectional, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was administered to clinical nurses (n = 2570) at seven clinical settings in Okinawa, Japan. As a result, 1855 valid responses were obtained and used in the analysis. The statistical analysis examined an exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency, and construct validity.Four factors, comprising 20 items, were extracted for IPV recognition among clinical nurses. The confirmatory factor analysis showed that the indices of fitness supported these results. The Cronbachs alpha coefficient was 0.83 for the total score and 0.71, 0.73, 0.74, and 0.71 for Factors 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Four factors were extracted from the oblique factor analysis, with a cumulative variance of 50.0%: understanding of the victims situation, violence that is difficult to detect, patient characteristics, and support and coordination. The four factors had a moderate correlation (0.27-0.47, P < 0.01) with each other, which indicated construct validity. These findings confirmed fit for the RS-FIPVP.The RS-FIPVP, a recognition scale to measure and evaluate the recognition of female IPV patients among clinical nurses, was developed. It may be used to improve the recognition of female IPV patients in nursing continuing education and also to measure and evaluate educational interventions. The reliability and validity of the scale were verified; however, further refining, testing, and evaluation are required.
PubMed | Red Cross, Sapporo Hokuyu Hospital, Shukutoku University, The Japanese Red Cross Kyushu International College of Nursing and Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pediatric oncology nursing : official journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses | Year: 2015
The purpose of this study was to explore ways of enhancing psychosocial strengths in newly diagnosed and relapsed adolescents and young adults (AYAs) to improve their resilience. A descriptive case study was used. The adolescent resilience model (ARM) and the self-sustaining process model were applied as theories. The data were analyzed using pattern-matching logic. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 18 patients aged 12 to 24 years and discharged within 10 years. We found that the newly diagnosed and the relapsing AYAs developed the 5 strength factors of the ARM during and after treatment. Whether the individuals cultivated a positive attitude and sense of purpose early or late, the AYAs developed resilience eventually. A positive attitude and sense of purpose during the early phase of care may be essential for improving resilience. The AYAs benefited from the support of their parents, friends, and previous experience. Individualized support and social resources may be important to develop these strengths. Further research is needed to develop strengths and improve resilience in newly diagnosed AYAs.
Nagahori C.,Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing |
Nagahori C.,Hokkaido University |
Tchuani J.P.,Batouri District Health Office |
Yamauchi T.,Hokkaido University
Nursing and Health Sciences | Year: 2015
This study was conducted to clarify nutritional status and associated factors in 5-24 month old children in the district of Batouri, Republic of Cameroon. Mothers were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire, and the child's weight, length, head circumference, and mid-upper arm circumference was collected. The data were compared with child growth standards proposed by the World Health Organization using Z-scores; χ2-test, Fisher's exact test, and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to determine variables associated with malnutrition. A total of 100 mother-child pairs participated in this study; valid data from 100 pairs were subjected to analysis. The percentages of children with malnutrition indicators were wasting (6%), stunting (31%), underweight (14%), and low mid-upper arm circumference (16%). Five factors were found to be statistically significant in their association with the children's malnutrition: mother's age, child's age, mother's educational level, mothers who had family planning information, and the source of tap water. A high percentage of stunting was positively associated with a high percentage of chronic malnutrition. We speculate that insufficient nutrition was more likely to begin after weaning. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Hiraoka K.,Osaka Prefecture University |
Taniguchi Y.,Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
Somatosensory and Motor Research | Year: 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of immobilization of the head and trunk on arm-cycling-induced depression of leg motoneuron pool excitability. Seven healthy humans participated in this study. The subjects sat on a chair with or without immobilization of the head and trunk. The subjects rhythmically cycled a crank of the ergometer with their hands at a frequency of 1 Hz. Soleus H-reflexes were evoked during arm cycling and during stational arm position. The H-reflexes were not significantly depressed during arm cycling when the head and trunk were immobilized, but were significantly depressed during arm cycling when the head and trunk were not immobilized. The H-reflex depression during arm cycling in the non-immobilized condition was significantly larger than that in the immobilized condition. These findings support our hypothesis that the depression of leg motoneuron pool excitability induced by arm cycling is partially related to postural activity in the head and trunk.
Honma S.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Wakamatsu H.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Ueda R.,Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
IEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems | Year: 2012
Some assessments have been applied to find possible factors that might lead to child abuse. PACAP is a new method proposed by Ueda and others as a pre-assessment of the concerning child abuse, which reduces its false-positive misclassification. The Internet PACAP is developed to reduce the laborious work of nurses and health care workers for the necessary processing and classifying the scores of the pre-assessment. The present system is expected to prevent the child abuse more effectively. © 2012 The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan.
PubMed | Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Nursing & health sciences | Year: 2015
This study was conducted to clarify nutritional status and associated factors in 5-24 month old children in the district of Batouri, Republic of Cameroon. Mothers were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire, and the childs weight, length, head circumference, and mid-upper arm circumference was collected. The data were compared with child growth standards proposed by the World Health Organization using Z-scores; (2) -test, Fishers exact test, and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to determine variables associated with malnutrition. A total of 100 mother-child pairs participated in this study; valid data from 100 pairs were subjected to analysis. The percentages of children with malnutrition indicators were wasting (6%), stunting (31%), underweight (14%), and low mid-upper arm circumference (16%). Five factors were found to be statistically significant in their association with the childrens malnutrition: mothers age, childs age, mothers educational level, mothers who had family planning information, and the source of tap water. A high percentage of stunting was positively associated with a high percentage of chronic malnutrition. We speculate that insufficient nutrition was more likely to begin after weaning.
Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing | Entity website
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