PubMed | National Institute of Health and Nutrition, National Hospital for Geriatric Medicine and Okayama University
Type: | Journal: Geriatrics & gerontology international | Year: 2016
Despite increased interest in an obesity paradox (i.e. a survival advantage of being obese), evidence remains sparse in Japanese populations. We aimed to verify this phenomenon among community-dwelling older adults in Japan.Older adults aged 65-84years randomly chosen from all 74 municipalities in Shizuoka Prefecture completed questionnaires including body mass index information. Participants were followed from 1999 to 2009. Following World Health Organization guidelines, participants were classified using an appropriate body mass index for Asian populations as follows: <18.5kg/mCompared with normal-weight participants, overweight/obese participants tended to have lower hazard ratios; the multivariate hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) were 0.86 (0.62-1.19) for obesity, 0.83 (0.73-0.94) for overweight and 1.60 (1.40-1.82) for underweight. In subgroup analyses by sex and age, the hazard ratios tended to be lower among obese men, albeit not significantly; hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) were 0.56 (0.25-1.27) in men aged 65-74years, and 0.78 (0.41-1.45) in men aged 75-84years.The present study provides evidence of a conservative obesity paradox among older Japanese people, using the appropriate body mass index cut-off points for Asian populations. In particular, obese older men tend to have a lower risk of all-cause mortality. Geriatr Gerontol Int ; : -.