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Tanaka T.,Okayama University | Shinya T.,Okayama University | Sato S.,Okayama University | Mitsuhashi T.,Okayama University | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2015

Objective: To evaluate the relevance of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake for risk stratification of visceral pleural invasion by lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: The HRCT findings and 18F-FDG uptake for lung adenocarcinomas with pleural contact on CT were retrospectively analyzed in 208 consecutive patients (94 females and 114 males; median age, 69.0 years) between January 2009 and December 2013, with institutional review board approval. The HRCT findings and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) were recorded for each patient. Multivariate logistic regression was used for statistical analysis, and subgroup analysis stratified for whole tumor size ≤3 cm was also performed. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that SUVmax [odds ratio (OR) 1.09, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.02–1.16, P = 0.014] and obtuse angle (OR 4.14, 95 % CI 1.97–8.74, P < 0.001) were significant independent predictors for visceral pleural invasion. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that, compared with the multivariate models [area under the curve (Az) 0.819–0.829], SUVmax alone (Az 0.815) was useful in predicting visceral pleural invasion. In the subgroup analysis, multivariate analysis showed that SUVmax (OR 1.29, 95 % CI 1.12–1.50, P = 0.001) and contact length with the pleura (OR 1.13, 95 % CI 1.05–1.22, P = 0.001) were significant independent predictors for visceral pleural invasion. ROC analysis showed that SUVmax alone (Az 0.844) showed similar diagnostic performance to the multivariate models (Az 0.845–0.857). Conclusions: SUVmax alone and multivariate models including SUVmax are useful for the prediction of visceral pleural invasion by lung adenocarcinoma. © 2015, The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine.

Alafate A.,Okayama University of Science | Shinya T.,Okayama University of Science | Okumura Y.,Fukuyama City Hospital | Sato S.,Okayama University of Science | And 8 more authors.
Acta Medica Okayama | Year: 2013

We retrospectively evaluated the accumulation of fluorodeoxy glucose (FDG) in pulmonary malignancies without local recurrence during 2-year follow-up on positron emission tomography (PET)/com-puted tomography (CT) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Thirty tumors in 25 patients were studied (10 non-small cell lung cancers; 20 pulmonary metastatic tumors). PET/CT was performed before RFA, 3 months after RFA, and 6 months after RFA. We assessed the FDG accumulation with the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) compared with the diameters of the lesions. The SUVmax had a decreasing tendency in the first 6 months and, at 6 months post-ablation, FDG accumulation was less affected by inflammatory changes than at 3 months post-RFA. The diameter of the ablated lesion exceeded that of the initial tumor at 3 months post-RFA and shrank to pre-ablation dimensions by 6 months post-RFA. SUVmax was more reliable than the size measurements by CT in the first 6 months after RFA, and PET/CT at 6 months post-RFA may be more appropriate for the assessment of FDG accumulation than that at 3 months post-RFA. © 2013 by Okayama University Medical School.

Matsuo T.,Okayama University of Science | Ogino Y.,Okayama University of Science | Ichimura K.,Okayama University of Science | Tanaka T.,Okayama University of Science | Kaji M.,Okayama Diagnostic Imaging Center
International Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: The purpose of this study was to redefine the role of whole-body 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography fused with computed tomography (PET/CT) in the clinical diagnosis of choroidal malignant melanoma. Methods: The study design was a retrospective case series involving 7 consecutive patients with choroidal malignant melanoma who underwent enucleation to reach the final pathological diagnosis. FDG-PET/CT was performed together with magnetic resonance imaging and ophthalmological examinations before the surgery. The area, thickness, longest diameter, and circumference of the tumor mass were measured on pathological sections, and were correlated with maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of the tumors on FDG-PET/CT. Results: Abnormally high uptake of FDG was noted in the affected eyes of 5 patients, but not in the eyes of 2 patients. The 5 patients with high uptake showed nodular tumors extruding into the vitreous cavity while the 2 patients with absence of uptake showed diffusely infiltrating tumors in the wide area of the choroid with or without a small mushroom-like protrusion. One patient with diffuse infiltration showed concurrent liver metastases with high uptake on PET/CT while another patient with a nodular tumor developed liver metastases a year later. The tumors with higher SUVmax had a tendency to have a wider area and greater thickness on pathological sections (ρ = 0.775, P = 0.0557, Spearman rank correlation test). Conclusions: FDG-PET/CT showed correlation of the uptake with tumor sizes but was limited in detecting diffusely infiltrating tumors in the choroid without nodular formation. © 2013 Japan Society of Clinical Oncology.

Harada S.,Okayama University of Science | Sato S.,Okayama University of Science | Suzuki E.,Okayama University of Science | Okumura Y.,Okayama University of Science | And 6 more authors.
Acta Medica Okayama | Year: 2011

The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic usefulness of Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ( 18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in the prediction of local recurrence of malignant lung tumors by analyzing the pre-radiofrequency ablation (RFA) maximal standardized uptake value (SUV max). We performed a historical cohort study of consecutive malignant lung tumors treated by RFA from January 2007 to May 2008 at Okayama University Hospital. We selected only lung tumors examined by PET/CT within 90 days before RFA and divided them (10 primary and 29 metastatic) into 3 groups according to their tertiles of SUV max. We calculated recurrence odds ratios in the medium group and the high group compared to the low group using multivariate logistic analysis. After we examined the relationship between SUV max and recurrence in a crude model, we adjusted for some factors. Tumors with higher SUV max showed higher recurrence odds ratios (medium group; 1.84, high group; 4.14, respectively). The tumor size also increased the recurrence odds ratio (2.67); we thought this was mainly due to selection bias because we excluded tumors less than 10 mm in diameter. This study demonstrated the pre-RFA SUV max in PET/CT may be a prognostic factor for local recurrence of malignant lung tumors. © 2011 by Okayama University Medical School.

Yoshio K.,Okayama University | Sato S.,Okayama University | Okumura Y.,Okayama University | Katsui K.,Okayama University | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2011

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the local efficacy of I-131 for F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET)-positive lesions. Methods: Whole-body FDG PET/CT was performed on 37 patients (55 cases: 16 men, 21 women; age range: 24-82 years; mean age ± standard deviation: 60.5 ± 16.0 years) with differentiated thyroid cancer after total thyroidectomy. The metastatic or recurrent lesions were divided into 5 categories: primary tumor bed, lymph node, lung, bone, and other. The well-defined lesions were measured on CT, and the sizes were compared before and after radioactive iodine therapy. Results: The analysis was performed on 37 patients with 44 lesions (lymph node:24, lung:16, bone:4). Sixteen lesions (70%) were increased and 7 (30%) showed no change or reduction when there was positive accumulation on FDG PET/CT and negative accumulation on I-131 (F(+)I(-)) group. In the positive accumulation for both FDG PET/CT and I-131 (F(+)I(+)) group, 5 lesions (63%) were increased and 3 (37%) showed no change or reduction. There was no significant difference for the tendency to increase in size between the F(+)I(-) and the F(+)I(+) groups. Conclusions: Lesions which show positive accumulations on FDG PET/CT have a greater tendency to increase in size. FDG-avid lesions are resistant to radioactive iodine therapy with or without I-131 uptake. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.

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