Beloglazova N.V.,Ghent University |
Shmelin P.S.,OJSC CSRIT Technomash I. |
Goryacheva I.Y.,Chernyshevsky Saratov State University |
De Saeger S.,Ghent University
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2013
A quantitative fluorescence-labeled immunosorbent assay and qualitative on-site column tests were developed for the determination of aflatoxin M1 in milk products. The use of liposomes loaded with quantum dots as a label significantly increased the assay sensitivity by encapsulating multiple quantum dots in a single liposome and, therefore, amplifying the analytical signal. Two different techniques were compared to obtain aflatoxin-protein conjugates, used for further coupling with the liposomes. The influence of nonspecific interactions of the liposome-labeled conjugates obtained with the surface of microtiter plates and column cartridges was evaluated and discussed. The limit of detection for fluorescence-labeled immunosorbent assay was 0.014 μg kg-1. For qualitative on-site tests, the cutoff was set at 0.05μg kg-1, taking into account the EU maximum level for aflatoxin M1 in raw milk, heat-treated milk, and milk for the manufacture of milk-based products. The direct addition of labeled conjugate to the milk samples resulted in an additional decrease of analysis time. An intralaboratory validation was performed with sterilized milk and cream samples artificially spiked with aflatoxin M1 at concentrations less than, equal to and greater than the cutoff level. It is shown that milk products can be analyzed without any sample preparation, just diluted with the buffer. The rates for false-positive and false-negative results were below 5 % (2.6 % and 3.3 %, respectively). [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.