Ojcow National Park

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Barabasz-Krasny B.,Pedagogical University of Cracow | Mozdzen K.,Pedagogical University of Cracow | Soltys-Lelek A.,Ojcow National Park | Stachurska-Swakon A.,Jagiellonian University
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca | Year: 2017

Due to easy vegetative and generative reproduction, the most part of the Cirsium species are considered as common weeds in different kinds of crops, on meadows and pastures. They owe their success in acquiring new area, both morphological and physiological characteristics, such as the production of allelopathic substances. An example the species within of the Cirsium genus, which may have the allelopathic properties, is cabbage thistle C. oleraceum (L.) Scop. It is a common meadow perennial plant, which in disturbed habitats quickly becomes expansive species, eliminating the other components of the flora. Such phenomenon is well-documented on the meadows of the Ojców National Park (Southern Poland). Therefore, it was investigated the effect of aqueous extracts of dried leaves C. oleraceum on seed germination, seedlings growth, the fresh and dry weight and the water content of the seedlings in three meadow species: Trifolium pratense L., Lolium multiflorum Lam. and Dactylis glomerata L. The results showed that C. oleraceum exhibits the allelopathic potential, which may have limited effect on the studied parameters of fodder species, but only when using high concentrations of extracts prepared from the leaves (15% and 20%). D. glomerata was the most sensitive on the C. oleraceum allelopathic substances.


Wisniowski B.,Ojcow National Park | Xu Z.-F.,South China Agricultural University
ZooKeys | Year: 2015

A critical and annotated catalogue of 183 types of Hymenoptera Chrysididae belonging to 124 taxa housed in the Radoszkowski collection is given. Radoszkowski type material from other institutes has also been checked. Six lectotypes are designated in Kraków (ISEA-PAN): Chrysis acceptabilis Radoszkowski, 1891; C. persica Radoczkowsky, 1881; C. daphnis Mocsáry, 1889; C. lagodechii Radoszkowski, 1889; C. remota Mocsáry, 1889 and C. vagans Radoszkowski, 1877. The lectotype of Brugmoia pellucida Radoszkowski, 1877 is designated in Moscow (MMU). Four new combinations are proposed: Philoctetes araraticus (Radoszkowski, 1890), comb. n.; Pseudomalus hypocrita (du Buysson, 1893), comb. n.; Chrysis eldari (Radoszkowski, 1893), comb. n.; and Chrysura mlokosewitzi (Radoszkowski, 1889), comb. n.. Ten new synonyms are given: Chrysis auropunctata Mocsáry, 1889, syn. n. of C. angolensis Radoszkovsky, 1881; C. chrysochlora Mocsáry, 1889, syn. n. and C. viridans Radoszkowski, 1891, syn. n. of C. keriensis Radoszkowski, 1887; C. angustifrons var. ignicollis Trautmann, 1926, syn. n. of C. eldari (Radoszkowski, 1893); C. maracandensis var. simulatrix Radoszkowski, 1891, syn. n. of C. maracandensis Radoszkowski, 1877; C. pulchra Radoszkovsky, 1880, syn. n. of Spinolia dallatorreana (Mocsáry, 1896); C. rubricollis du Buysson, 1900, syn. n. of C. eldari (Radoszkowski, 1893); C. subcoerulea Radoszkowski, 1891, syn. n. of C. chlorochrysa Mocsáry, 1889; C. therates Mocsáry, 1889, syn. n. of C. principalis Smith, 1874; and Notozus komarowi Radoszkowski, 1893, syn. n. of Elampus obesus (Mocsáry, 1890). One species is revaluated: Chrysis chalcochrysa Mocsáry, 1887. Chrysis kizilkumiana Rosa is the new name for C. uljanini Radoszkowski & Mocsáry, 1889 nec Radoszkowski, 1877. Pictures of seventy-seven type specimens are given. © Paolo Rosa et al.


PubMed | South China Agricultural University and Ojcow National Park
Type: | Journal: ZooKeys | Year: 2015

A critical and annotated catalogue of 183 types of HymenopteraChrysididae belonging to 124 taxa housed in the Radoszkowski collection is given. Radoszkowski type material from other institutes has also been checked. Six lectotypes are designated in Krakw (ISEA-PAN): Chrysisacceptabilis Radoszkowski, 1891; Chrysispersica Radoczkowsky, 1881; Chrysisdaphnis Mocsry, 1889; Chrysislagodechii Radoszkowski, 1889; Chrysisremota Mocsry, 1889 and Chrysisvagans Radoszkowski, 1877. The lectotype of Brugmoiapellucida Radoszkowski, 1877 is designated in Moscow (MMU). Four new combinations are proposed: Philoctetesararaticus (Radoszkowski, 1890), comb. n.; Pseudomalushypocrita (du Buysson, 1893), comb. n.; Chrysiseldari (Radoszkowski, 1893), comb. n.; and Chrysuramlokosewitzi (Radoszkowski, 1889), comb. n.. Ten new synonyms are given: Chrysisauropunctata Mocsry, 1889, syn. n. of Chrysisangolensis Radoszkovsky, 1881; Chrysischrysochlora Mocsry, 1889, syn. n. and Chrysisviridans Radoszkowski, 1891, syn. n. of Chrysiskeriensis Radoszkowski, 1887; Chrysisangustifronsvar.ignicollis Trautmann, 1926, syn. n. of Chrysiseldari (Radoszkowski, 1893); Chrysismaracandensisvar.simulatrix Radoszkowski, 1891, syn. n. of Chrysismaracandensis Radoszkowski, 1877; Chrysispulchra Radoszkovsky, 1880, syn. n. of Spinoliadallatorreana (Mocsry, 1896); Chrysisrubricollis du Buysson, 1900, syn. n. of Chrysiseldari (Radoszkowski, 1893); Chrysissubcoerulea Radoszkowski, 1891, syn. n. of Chrysischlorochrysa Mocsry, 1889; Chrysistherates Mocsry, 1889, syn. n. of Chrysisprincipalis Smith, 1874; and Notozuskomarowi Radoszkowski, 1893, syn. n. of Elampusobesus (Mocsry, 1890). One species is revaluated: Chrysischalcochrysa Mocsry, 1887. Chrysiskizilkumiana Rosa is the new name for Chrysisuljanini Radoszkowski & Mocsry, 1889 nec Radoszkowski, 1877. Pictures of seventy-seven type specimens are given.


Baran J.,Ojcow National Park | Boron P.,Agricultural University of Krakow
Acta Mycologica | Year: 2017

In this paper, we present results of survey on the occurrence of true morels, conducted in the Ojców National Park (ONP). The first data about true morels from the area of the ONP date back to the nineteenth century. However, despite multiple surveys in the next decades, their presence has not been confirmed. Therefore, true morels were thought to be extinct in the ONP. In 2014 and 2015, two morphotypes of true morel fruiting bodies were discovered in two sites, identified as black morels and yellow morels. In 2016, we collected three fruiting bodies for detailed morphological characterization and molecular identification. According to our results, these morels were identified as Morchella deliciosa and Morchella esculenta. Our finding is the first confirmation of the occurrence of both species (as they are presently recognized) in Poland. © The Author(s) 2017.


Motyka E.,Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz | Wisniowski B.,Ojcow National Park | Szczepko K.,University of Lodz
Journal of Apicultural Science | Year: 2016

The wild bees Andrena assimilis Radoszkowski, 1876, and Andrena gallica Schmiedeknecht, 1883, are morphologically very similar species and by some authors they are treated as one taxon – A. assimilis. Some other authors treat A. gallica as a subspecies of A. assimilis, others assert that both A. gallica and A. assimilis are valid species. After analysing the morphological features, we confirm that they should be treated as two distinct species. The following characters help to separate A. gallica from A. assimilis: in the case of females – the colouration of the stigma and veins in the forewing, in the case of males – the microsculpture of the surface of the metasomal terga, the punctation of terga II–III, and the width of the edeagus. Andrena gallica was reported in Poland in the first half of the twentieth century from the following regions: Baltic Coast, Kraków-Wieluń Upland, Małopolska Upland, and Wielkopolska-Kujawy Lowland. Due to the synonymy, these records were included in the distribution of A. assimilis. After more than 50 years, the occurrence of A. gallica in Poland has been confirmed. The new record of the species is reported based on the specimen collected in Kampinos National Park (Mazovian Lowland). In 2004, one male was collected on fallow land. Water pan-traps (Moericke traps) were used to do the collecting. Diagnoses of both species, data on their biology, as well as distribution, are provided. © 2016, RESEARCH INST POMOLOGY FLORICULTURE. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Ojcow National Park and ul. J. Matejki 13 m. 45
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2016

First records of Diodontus medius Dahlbom, 1844 and D. insidiosus Spooner, 1938 from Poland, and of D. handlirschi Kohl, 1888 from Bulgaria and Montenegro are provided. An illustrated key for the identification of Central and Eastern European species of the genus Diodontus is given.


The paper presents information on Stelis minima Schenck, 1859, a species of cleptoparasitic bee new to Polish fauna representing the family Megachilidae. Stelis minima. probably inhabits most of Europe except for the southern and northern parts of the continent. The species was also found in the southern part of Finland, where it reaches its northern range limit (ca. 62°N). During the years 2002-2006 four specimens of S. minima were collected in the Kraków-Cze{ogonek}stochowa Upland (1 male) and Roztocze region (2 females and 1 male). All specimens were observed close to nests of probable host species of solitary bees - Chelostoma campanularum (Kirby, 1802) and Heriades truncorum (Linnaeus, 1758). The female of Stelis minima can be distinguished from other Central European species by the following characteristics: rounded head, clypeus about 1.5 times wider than its length, legs black, hind basitarsus almost parallel sided (not broadened on the distal part), distances between punctures on mesopleurae ca. as big as their diameter, posterior margins of metasomal tergites (T) black and without lateral bands of hair, T1 or T1-2 with small, lateral, yellowish white maculae; the maculae are sometimes absent. The male Stelis minima can be separated from other Central European species by the following characteristics: clypeus short (not covering mandibles), legs black, distances between punctures on mesopleurae and tergites T4-5 ca. as big as their diameter, posterior margins of metasomal tergites black and without lateral bands of hair, T1-2 or T1-3 with small, lateral yellowish white maculae, posterior margin of seventh tergite with short mid-process, posterior margin of third sternite with triangular emargination in the middle, posterior margin of fourth sternite with a tooth-like, mid-process.


Szczepko K.,University of Lodz | Kruk A.,University of Lodz | Bartos M.,University of Lodz | Wisniowski B.,Ojcow National Park
Insect Conservation and Diversity | Year: 2013

In the Kampinos National Park (Poland), which is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, 47 caught per unit effort samples of Chrysididae were collected in 2000-2006. The aim of the study was to identify the factors promoting the diversity of this rarely studied group of parasitic wasps. A total of 722 specimens belonging to 37 species were recorded, including 18 threatened species and six others recently described as new to the Polish fauna. No chrysidids were recorded in forests, instead they were most abundant on fallow land (i.e. in open habitats), of which those located on dry soils were preferred over humid ones, just as by their endogeic (nesting in the ground) hosts. Many chrysidids that are parasites of hypergeic (nesting above the ground) species were significantly associated with old abandoned wooden buildings, where their hosts use holes in wood for nesting. In addition to the characteristics of the habitat sampled, its position in the land mosaic also determined the diversity of chrysidids. Their lowest abundance and species diversity were recorded in samples from different types of habitat, all located in a uniform environment (i.e. with few other habitats nearby), which limited the diversity of resources available within the flight ranges of chrysidids and their hosts. Our study, thus consistent with the concept that habitat heterogeneity enhances faunal diversity, brings important conclusions for the management of park landscapes: afforestation of open areas (both intentional and resulting from natural succession of plant communities) and removal of old abandoned wooden buildings may limit the land mosaicity and thus faunal diversity. © 2012 The Royal Entomological Society.


Palaczyk A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Slowinska I.,University of Lodz | Klasa A.,Ojcow National Park
Annales Zoologici | Year: 2015

The genus Bergenstammia Mik of Poland is reviewed. Differential diagnosis for species recorded from this country, including Bergenstammia glacialis sp. nov. described from the alpine zone in the Tatra Mts. are provided. The newly described species was found in the postglacial cirque in the glacier-fed stream. A key to the species of Bergenstammia nudipes group is also given as well as photographs of wings, illustrations of male and female terminalia and known distributions for species are included. 2015 © Fundacja.


Korneyev S.V.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences | Klasa A.,Ojcow National Park
Vestnik Zoologii | Year: 2016

Thirty-one Tephritis species are recorded from Ukraine. Six species (T. brachyura Loew, T. conyzifoliae Merz, T. heliophila Hendel, T. mutabilis Merz, T. separata Rondani, T. tanaceti Hering, and T. valida Loew) are recorded for the first time from Ukraine; two species (T. crepidis Hendel and T. leontodontis De Geer) listed before without any references to material or locality are confirmed to occur in Ukraine, and two species on the list (T. conura Loew and T. hendeliana Hering) have not been confirmed yet by any available material, but possibly present in western and southern regions. © 2016 by A. Klasa.

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