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Ōita-shi, Japan

Saburi M.,Oita Prefectural Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2014

A 28-year-old man complained of pain in the oral mucosa and pharynx in March 2011, and then developed fever and generalized swelling of the cheek. In March 2012, a gum biopsy led to a diagnosis of extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL). (18)F-FDG-PET revealed significant uptake in the mouth, tonsils, jawbone, shoulder blade, humerus, ilium, femur, and spleen. After two courses of the SMILE (dexamethasone, methotrexate (MTX), ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, etoposide) regimen, the response was stable disease. However, a high-dose MTX/cytarabine (MA) regimen was effective. After three courses of the MA regimen, a partial response was achieved. Then, allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from an unrelated donor was performed. At 10 months after transplantation, there was no sign of recurrence. Although the optimal treatment for ENKL refractory to the SMILE regimen has yet to be established, our case suggests the MA regimen to be a potentially effective treatment option. Source

Hongo N.,Oita University | Mori H.,Oita University | Matsumoto S.,Oita University | Okino Y.,Oita University | And 2 more authors.
Abdominal Imaging | Year: 2011

As less-invasive treatments for small bowel obstruction, such as laparoscopic surgery or small incision therapy, have become common, there is a growing demand for preoperative assessment of the cause and location of the small bowel obstruction. Thus, the role of computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation of small bowel obstruction is expanding. CT imaging of internal hernias (IHs) has been extensively described and is well established; however, CT imaging of IH after abdominal surgeries is not well recognized because of their anatomical complexity. The aims of this pictorial review are (1) to evaluate the causes of internal IHs in relation to previous abdominal surgery (e.g., IH associated with Roux-en-Y reconstruction, Billroth II reconstruction, peritoneal adhesive band, perineal hernia, and IH after gynecological procedures), (2) to demonstrate the spectrum of imaging findings on multidetector CT (MDCT), and (3) explain the key features for CT diagnosis of IHs related to previous surgical procedures, with emphasis on the multi-planar reformation (MPR) image. We also demonstrate the dynamic changes in the progression of mesenteric strangulation revealed by CT. Understanding the imaging appearance on MDCT can help radiologists guide therapy for patients with a small bowel obstruction after abdominal surgery. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Tokunaga T.,Nagoya University | Shimada K.,Nagoya University | Yamamoto K.,Aichi Cancer Center | Chihara D.,Aichi Cancer Center | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a major type of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). To elucidate the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of AITL in Japan, we retrospectively analyzed 207 patients with AITL. The median patient age was 67 years (range, 34-91 years), with 73% of patients older than 60 years. With a median follow-up of 42 months in surviving patients, 3-year overall survival (OS) was 54% and progression-free survival (PFS) was 38%. The International Prognostic Index (IPI) and the prognostic index for PTCL, not otherwise specified (PIT) were predictive for OS in this analysis. Multivariate analysis found that age older than 60 years, elevated white blood cell (WBC) and IgA levels, the presence of anemia and thrombocytopenia, and extranodal involvement at > 1 site were significant prognostic factors for OS, and IgA, anemia, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy were significant prognostic factors for PFS. A novel prognostic model consisting of the prognostic factors for OS was successfully constructed. In conclusion, IPI and PIT were still useful for prognostication of AITL, and other factors, including those not used in IPI, such as IgA, anemia, WBC count, thrombocytopenia, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy, also significantly affected prognosis. Future investigations for IgA as a unique prognostic factor are warranted. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

We performed a detailed analysis of hysterectomy specimens of uterine cervical cancer to determine the appropriate length of uterine body to include within the clinical target volume. Between 2008 and 2011, 54 patients with uterine cervical carcinoma underwent hysterectomy. Those with quality pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were included for analysis. Tumor sizes measured by MRI and microscopy were compared with regard to brachytherapy-oriented parameters. Detailed descriptive analysis focusing on the extent of tumor involvement was also performed. A total of 31 specimens were analyzed. The median maximal tumor length measured by MRI was slightly shorter than microscopic length (19 vs. 24 mm, respectively), while the maximal radius was almost identical. No tumors with a maximal size <2 cm by MRI (n = 6) extended to the uterine body ≥ 1/3. The majority of maximal tumor length underestimation on MRI was within 1 cm. Precise tumor delineation can be made by MRI. For patients with tumors <2 cm on MRI, treating the entire uterine body length may not be necessary. A 1-cm margin around an MRI-based gross tumor seems to be adequate to cover the actual tumor involvement. Source

Taniguchi D.,Oita Prefectural Hospital
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2012

We retrospectively reviewed cases of acute empyema treated surgically in our hospital from April 2005 to April 2010. Patients comprised 10 men and 4 women, with a mean age of 62.5 years( range, 23~ 80 years). One case required open thoracotomy and decortication, and was in the organized phase at the time of operation( duration of symptoms before surgery, 44 days). The remaining 13 cases were in the fibropurulent phase at the time of operation and underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). In 6 of these 13 remaining cases, we performed mini-thoracotomy combined with the thoracoscopic operation due to the presence of severe intrathoracic adhesions. Median durations of postoperative drainage and postoperative stay were 5 days( range, 2~7 days) and 13.5 days( range, 6~17 days), respectively. Postoperative complications of subcutaneous abscess, drug-induced hepatitis, pseudomembranous enterocolitis and reexpansion pulmonary edema were observed in 1 case each, but all patients survived to discharge without perioperative deaths. VATS is a safe and effective method for the management of acute empyema, and is favorable to perform in the fibropurulent phase. Appropriate combination with mini-thoracotomy was useful in accomplishing surgery in cases with dense adhesion. Source

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