Adachi J.,Ohkubo Hospital |
Inaba Y.,Ohkubo Hospital |
Maki C.,Ohkubo Hospital
Internal Medicine | Year: 2017
Diabetic ketoacidosis is characterized by hyperglycemia, anion-gap acidosis, and increased plasma ketones. After the resolution of hyperglycemia, persistent diuresis is rare. We herein report the case of a 27-year-old Asian woman with type 2 diabetes who was treated with a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor (canagliflozin) who developed euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis and persistent diuresis in the absence of hyperglycemia. Physicians should consider euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis in the differential diagnosis of patients treated with SGLT2 inhibitors. © 2017 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine.
Kimura Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Medical Hospital |
Kimura Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan University |
Kubo S.,Tokyo Metropolitan University |
Koda H.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
And 4 more authors.
Hearing Research | Year: 2013
Objective: Molecular analysis using archival human inner ear specimens is challenging because of the anatomical complexity, long-term fixation, and decalcification. However, this method may provide great benefit for elucidation of otological diseases. Here, we extracted mRNA for RT-PCR from tissues dissected from archival FFPE human inner ears by laser microdissection. Methods: Three human temporal bones obtained at autopsy were fixed in formalin, decalcified by EDTA, and embedded in paraffin. The samples were isolated into spiral ligaments, outer hair cells, spiral ganglion cells, and stria vascularis by laser microdissection. RNA was extracted and heat-treated in 10mM citrate buffer to remove the formalin-derived modification. To identify the sites where COCH and SLC26A5 mRNA were expressed, semi-nested RT-PCR was performed. We also examined how long COCH mRNA could be amplified by semi-nested RT-PCR in archival temporal bone. Results: COCH was expressed in the spiral ligament and stria vascularis. However, SLC26A5 was expressed only in outer hair cells. The maximum base length of COCH mRNA amplified by RT-PCR was 98bp in 1 case and 123bp in 2 cases. Conclusion: We detected COCH and SLC26A5 mRNA in specific structures and cells of the inner ear from archival human temporal bone. Our innovative method using laser microdissection and semi-nested RT-PCR should advance future RNA study of human inner ear diseases. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
PubMed | Tokyo Women's Medical University and Ohkubo Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Transplantation proceedings | Year: 2015
We report a case of the clinical course and pathologic findings for a kidney transplant recipient with plasma cell-rich rejection (PCRR) accompanied by antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR).A 29-year-old man with end-stage renal disease caused by lupus nephritis received an ABO-compatible living kidney transplant.Eighteen months after transplantation, the patient presented with proteinuria and increased serum creatinine. An episode biopsy revealed severe tubulointerstitial infiltration with plasma cells accompanied by peritubular capillaritis and positive findings on immunofluorescent C4d staining. Donor-specific antibodies were positive for DR52, and the patient was subsequently diagnosed with PCRR accompanied by ABMR. Treatment was initiated with high-dose steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, gusperimus hydrochloride, muronmonab antibody CD3, and rituximab. However, ABMR persisted and allograft failure developed 20 months after onset.We argue that PCRR accompanied by ABMR is a subtype of PCRR that can progress to allograft failure owing to persistent ABMR.
PubMed | Ohkubo Hospital, Tokyo Electron and Tokyo Women's Medical University
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Transplantation proceedings | Year: 2016
We report the clinical course and pathologic findings of a kidney transplant donor who was diagnosed with immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy by means of preimplantation biopsy and was later treated with methylprednisolone and tonsillectomy.The patient was a 57-year-old woman who met the criteria for kidney donation and was accepted as a donor. Donor nephrectomy was performed, and the preimplantation biopsy revealed that the donor had IgA nephropathy. One month after the nephrectomy, the donors laboratory findings indicated proteinuria and hematuria. Because these findings indicated active IgA nephropathy, we decided to perform tonsillectomy and methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Soon after these treatments, the patients proteinuria and hematuria were no longer observed.Subclinical IgA nephropathy can be incidentally found on preimplantation biopsies of living kidney donors. As demonstrated in this case, IgA nephropathy can become exacerbated and requires therapeutic intervention after kidney donation. Informed consent and careful observation should be used before and after transplantation, even for donors who have been determined to be eligible for kidney donation.
PubMed | Tokyo Women's Medical University and Ohkubo Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Transplantation proceedings | Year: 2016
Studies have revealed that patients who undergo preemptive kidney transplantation (PKT) have favorable prognoses compared with those who undergo kidney transplantation after the initiation of dialysis. The number of PKT cases performed worldwide has been increasing. The goal of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of patients who may successfully receive PKT.A single-center, case-control study was conducted to determine the clinical factors that lead to referral for PKT.Between April 1, 2009, and August 1, 2015, a total of 118 patients underwent living donor kidney transplantation. Thirty of these patients had not undergone dialysis before their initial visit to the study hospital. Of these, 20 received kidney transplantation before and after dialysis initiation, respectively (group PKT+, successful PKT; group PKT-, failed PKT). The baseline characteristics at the primary visit were compared between groups. The median duration from the first visit to the study institution to PKT was 5.6 0.7 months. Serum creatinine (Cr) levels differed significantly between groups (PKT+ vs PKT-, 6.0 0.3mg/dL vs 7.5 0.5mg/dL; P= .03). The receiver-operating characteristic curves revealed that a serum Cr level >5.7mg/dL at the initial visit to the unit was a cutoff point for predicting the success of PKT (area under the curve, 0.721; P= .02).Our results indicate that PKT should be performed within 6 months of the initial visit to the transplant center. Serum Cr levels<5.7mg/dL predict successful PKT.
PubMed | Shonantoubu General Hospital, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, Showa University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis : official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy | Year: 2016
Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common arrhythmias in hemodialysis patients. We evaluated its clinical outcomes among hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation in Japan. Using data derived from the Japanese Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study, we analyzed backgrounds and outcomes among hemodialysis patients with and without atrial fibrillation in Japan. Among 7002 hemodialysis patients, the prevalence of atrial fibrillation was 5.7% and the incidence was 0.2 per 100 patient-years. Atrial fibrillation was independently associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio, 1.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.71) and cardiovascular events (hazard ratio, 1.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-1.68), but not with stroke events (hazard ratio, 0.77; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-1.06) after adjustment for other variables. We conclude that patients with atrial fibrillation experienced higher mortality and more cardiovascular events than did patients without atrial fibrillation, although the risk of stroke was lower than expected.
Satoh E.,Ohkubo Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2012
We report the case of an effectively treated 50-year-old woman with liver metastasis of left breast cancer. Her breast cancer (T2N0M0, Stage IIA) was resected in November 1998 (radical mastectomy+axillary lymph nodes dissection). After this operation, tamoxifen(TAM 20 mg daily) was administered. In February 2002, a solitary liver metastasis(S5, 4 cm in diameter) was found by computed tomography(CT) scan. Hepatic arterial infusion of docetaxel(DOC 20 mg weekly)was started. In March 2003, the solitary liver metastasis had become smaller and showed partial remission (PR), but DOC intravenous injection(iv) therapy(40 mg weekly) was started because lung metastases appeared. Therefore, epirubicin+ cyclophosphamide therapy, DOC ia therapy (120 mg triweekly), and anastrozole (1 mg daily) were continued. However, in March 2005, she refused chemotherapy. In January 2011, a CT scan showed progressive disease of multiple liver and lung metastases. Nab-paclitaxel(PTX) iv therapy(400 mg triweekly) and exemestane(25 mg daily) were administered. In March 2012, a CT scan showed PR of the metastatic breast cancer. She has continued to receive nab-PTX iv therapy as an outpatient.
Kishimoto S.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Tsunoda A.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Koda H.,Ohkubo Hospital
Auris Nasus Larynx | Year: 2010
Objective: For the purpose of an en bloc resection with sufficient margins, a wide surgical field is necessary. We have reported on the application of a facial dismasking flap for removals of craniofacial lesions in order to provide a better surgical field with less morbidity. In this paper, we are introducing a new method, which is called the "nasal downward swing approach". Methods: This approach is a modification of the facial dismaking flap, which elevates the nasal bone along with the facial skin. Results: This approach offers an extremely wide surgical field on the facial front, especially the nasal cavity, while keeping scarring or facial paresis down to a bare minimum. Conclusion: This approach helps to preserve the entire shape of the nasal bone in particular, therefore, a good surgical option for pediatric patients. © 2009.
PubMed | Ohkubo Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2017
We report a case of severe skin metastases of advanced right breast cancer in an 84-year-old woman. The tumor (T4bN3cM0, Stage III C)was resected in June 2011(BT+AX)after blood transfusion for severe anemia. Radiotherapy to the right chest wall and supraclavicular lymph nodes was performed, and adjuvant hormonal therapy was administered. Local recurrences in the skin of the right chest wall appeared and were resected in December 2011. Nine months later, continuous bleeding from the progressed, widespread skin metastases needed recurrent blood transfusion. After using Mohs paste twice, the bleeding stopped almost completely. Mohs paste was very useful for stopping bleeding in locally advanced, unresectable skin metastasis.
PubMed | Ohkubo Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2015
We report a case of lung and bone metastases of right advanced breast cancer in a 33-year-old woman. Her breast cancer (T4bN1M1, StageIV)was resected in December 2003 (mastectomy [BT] plus axillary lymph node dissection [AX]) after local arterial infusion therapy and subsequent systemic chemo-endocrine therapy was initiated and continued. In June 2007, a computed tomography (CT) scan revealed cardiac tamponade due to pericarditis carcinomatosa. Pericardiocentesis was performed, and the bloody effusion was drained immediately. Subsequently, the sysytemic chemo-endocrine therapy was modified. In 2009, multiple cerebellar metastases were discovered and treated via whole brain irradiation. In 2010, multiple liver metastases appeared, and they were treated by intravenous (IV) administration of nab-paclitaxel. In 2011, superior vena cava syndrome appeared gradually, and it was treated via venous metallic stenting. In 2012, epidural spinal cord compression appeared gradually, and it was treated via irradiation. In November 2012, the patient died because of lymphangitis carcinomatosa; her prognosis was good, as it was approximately 5 years after the pericardiocentesis.