Direccion Oficina de Epidemiologia

Lambayeque, Peru

Direccion Oficina de Epidemiologia

Lambayeque, Peru
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Fanzo-Gonzaleza P.M.,University Catolica | Cornetero-Mendoza D.R.,University Catolica | Ponce-Linares R.A.,Hospital II luis Heysen Inchaustegui | Pena-Sanchezc E.R.,Direccion Oficina de Epidemiologia
Revista Argentina de Endocrinologia y Metabolismo | Year: 2016

Introduction: Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects more than 347 million people worldwide, and approximately 1.1 million in Peru. Its complications have been studied, but there is little about its effect on hearing. Although there are some hypotheses to try to explain this, the relationship between diabetes mellitus and hearing loss is still controversial. Objectives: To determine the frequency of hearing loss and the audiometric characteristics of diabetic patients in a Level II Hospital of Chiclayo City during 2015. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study in which audiometry was performed on 185 patients with diabetes treated in the Endocrinology Department. The patients included where between 18 and 70 years, diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, and lived in Chiclayo city. Simple random probability sampling was used. Those patients with sudden deafness, acute or chronic otitis media, a history or presence of tympanic perforation detected during ear examination, using hearing aid materials, on cytotoxic drugs, family history of hearing loss, and occupational exposure to noise, were excluded. Data were recorded in a conventional audiometry table in which other variables of interest (age, gender, and duration of the disease) were added. Measures of central tendency and dispersion were described. Results: Almost half (49%) of diabetic patients had hearing loss, mainly slight (35%), bilateral (41%), sensorineural (45%), and with a tendency towards higher-pitched tones (42%). Most patients with hearing loss had more than 10 years of disease. Conclusions: The frequency of hearing loss in patients with diabetes is high in our environment. It is usually a minor, sensorineural and bilateral type, independent of duration of disease. These data show that greater emphasis should be placed on the systematic review of changes in hearing levels in patients with diabetes. © 2016 Sociedad Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo.

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