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Silver Spring, MD, United States

Miesegaes G.R.,Office of Biotechnology Products | Lute S.,Office of Biotechnology Products | Strauss D.M.,Eli Lilly and Company | Read E.K.,Office of Biotechnology Products | And 6 more authors.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering | Year: 2012

Traditionally, post-production culture harvest capture of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is performed using Protein A chromatography. We investigated the efficiency and robustness of cation exchange chromatography (CEX) in an effort to evaluate alternative capture methodologies. Up to five commercially available CEX resins were systematically evaluated using an experimentally optimized buffer platform and a design-of-experiment (DoE) approach for their ability to (a) capture a model mAb with a neutral isoelectric point, (b) clear three model viruses (porcine parvovirus, CHO type-C particles, and a bacteriophage). This approach identified a narrow operating space where yield, purity, and viral clearance were optimal under a CEX capture platform, and revealed trends between viral clearance of PPV and product purity (but not yield). Our results suggest that after unit operation optimization, CEX can serve as a suitable capture step. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Schiel J.E.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology | Lute S.C.,Office of Biotechnology Products | Chavez B.K.,Office of Biotechnology Products | Boyne M.T.,Office of Testing and Research | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2015

Consistent high-quality antibody yield is a key goal for cell culture bioprocessing. This endpoint is typically achieved in commercial settings through product and process engineering of bioreactor parameters during development. When the process is complex and not optimized, small changes in composition and control may yield a finished product of less desirable quality. Therefore, changes proposed to currently validated processes usually require justification and are reported to the US FDA for approval. Recently, design-of-experiments-based approaches have been explored to rapidly and efficiently achieve this goal of optimized yield with a better understanding of product and process variables that affect a product's critical quality attributes. Here, we present a laboratory-scale model culture where we apply a Plackett-Burman screening design to parallel cultures to study the main effects of 11 process variables. This exercise allowed us to determine the relative importance of these variables and identify the most important factors to be further optimized in order to control both desirable and undesirable glycan profiles. We found engineering changes relating to culture temperature and nonessential amino acid supplementation significantly impacted glycan profiles associated with fucosylation, β-galactosylation, and sialylation. All of these are important for monoclonal antibody product quality. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association. Source

Sapsford K.E.,Center for Devices and Radiological Health | Lauritsen K.,Office of Combination Products | Tyner K.M.,Office of Testing and Research
Therapeutic Delivery | Year: 2012

The US FDA is the US agency responsible for regulating intelligent drug-delivery systems (IDDS). IDDS can be classified as a device, drug, biologic or combination product. In this perspective, the current regulatory framework for IDDS and future perspectives on how the field is expected to evolve from a regulatory standpoint is discussed. © 2012 Future Science Ltd. Source

Chavez B.K.,Office of Biotechnology Products | Read E.K.,Office of Biotechnology Products | Boyne Ii M.T.,Office of Testing and Research | Brorson K.A.,Office of Biotechnology Products
BioMed Research International | Year: 2016

Formulating appropriate storage conditions for biopharmaceutical proteins is essential for ensuring their stability and thereby their purity, potency, and safety over their shelf-life. Using a model murine IgG3 produced in a bioreactor system, multiple formulation compositions were systematically explored in a DoE design to optimize the stability of a challenging antibody formulation worst case. The stability of the antibody in each buffer formulation was assessed by UV/VIS absorbance at 280 nm and 410 nm and size exclusion high performance liquid chromatography (SEC) to determine overall solubility, opalescence, and aggregate formation, respectively. Upon preliminary testing, acetate was eliminated as a potential storage buffer due to significant visible precipitate formation. An additional 24 full factorial DoE was performed that combined the stabilizing effect of arginine with the buffering capacity of histidine. From this final DoE, an optimized formulation of 200 mM arginine, 50 mM histidine, and 100 mM NaCl at a pH of 6.5 was identified to substantially improve stability under long-term storage conditions and after multiple freeze/thaw cycles. Thus, our data highlights the power of DoE based formulation screening approaches even for challenging monoclonal antibody molecules. © 2016 Brittany K. Chavez et al. Source

Sarkar S.,National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) | Chigurupati S.,National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) | Raymick J.,Toxicology Pathology Associates | Mann D.,Wayne State University | And 6 more authors.
NeuroToxicology | Year: 2014

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive motor disease of unknown etiology in the majority of cases. The clinical features of PD emerge due to selective degeneration of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc), which project to the caudate putamen (CPu) where they release DA. In the current in vivo mouse model study, we tested trehalose for its ability to protect against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced damage to DA neurons. Trehalose is a naturally occurring disaccharide present in plants and animals and appears capable of protecting cells against various environmental stresses. The effect of trehalose is likely due to its action as a pharmacological chaperone which promotes protein stability. In the present study, there were four treatment groups: saline only (control); probenecid only; MPTP. +. probenecid; and trehalose. +. MPTP. +. probenecid. MPTP-induced losses in tyrosine hydroxylase and DA transporter immunoreactivity in the ventral midbrain SNc and CPu were significantly reduced by trehalose. Decreases in CPu dopamine levels produced by MPTP were also blocked by trehalose. Microglial activation and astrocytic hypertrophy induced by MPTP were greatly reduced by trehalose, indicating protection against neuroinflammation. These effects are commensurate with the observed trehalose sparing of motor deficits produced by MPTP in this mouse model. Two tight junctional proteins, ZO-1 and occludin, are downregulated following MPTP treatment and trehalose blocks this effect. Likewise, the glucose transporter-1 that is expressed in brain endothelial cells is also protected by trehalose from MPTP-induced down-regulation. This study is the first to demonstrate using fluoro-turoquoise FT gel perfusion techniques, the protection afforded by trehalose from MPTP-induced damage to microvessels and endothelial and suggests that trehalose therapy may have the potential to slow or ameliorate PD pathology. © 2014. Source

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