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Deng S.-M.,Chongqing Medical University | Deng S.-M.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Liang Y.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Tang C.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Yang Y.-P.,Office of Emergency Management
Chinese Journal of Cancer Prevention and Treatment | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVE: To provide scientific evidence for cancer prevention and control by analyzing the cancer incidence and mortality in Jiulongpo district, Chongqing, from 2008 to 2012.METHODS: Data of cancer incidence and mortality from 2008 to 2012 in Jiulongpo district were collected to calculate the incidence, mortality, standardized rate of every year. The incidence, mortality, and standardized rate of different sex were calculated, so did the incidence and mortality of different groups of age.RESULTS: The total number of malignant cases of incidence was 8 675 from 2008 to 2012 in Jiulongpo. The crude incidence for men and women together, men and women was respectively 213.74/105, 254.00/105, and 172.63/105. The incidence standardized by Chinese population was 134.46/105, 151.43/105 and 114.80/105. The top 5 malignanances of incidence were cancers of lung, colorectal and anal, liver, gastic and breast. The total number of death from cancers was 6 947. The mortality of both gender, male and female was 171.17/105, 229.57/105 and 111.54/105. The mortality rate standardized by Chinese population was 102.68/105, 133.04/105, and 69.22/105, respectively. The top 5 malignant tumors of mortality were cancers of lung, liver, colorectal & anal, gastric and esophageal. Standardized incidence of malignances from 2008 to 2012 in Jiulongpo increased from 113.91/105 to 154.65/105. The peak of incidence and mortality was both in the group of the age of 80-year old.CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of malignant tumors increases gradully from 2008 to 2012 in Jiulongpo. The incidence and mortality of cancers increased with age. The overall incidence and mortality of malignances in male are higher than that in female. The incidence and mortality of cancers of lung, liver and colorectal & anal and stomache are comparatively higer in Jiulongpo, which is the focus of prevention and control work in Jiulongpo. The harm of breast cancer to women in Jiulongpo should also be paid attention to.

Abernathy T.,Office of Emergency Management
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology | Year: 2015

USDA makes sure that nutritious USDA Foods are made available to States, Indian Tribal Organizations and Emergency Feeding Organizations to help feed survivors of natural disasters and other emergencies when needed. © 2015 by the Center for Academic Publications Japan.

Kearns R.D.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill | Conlon K.M.,Saint Barnabas Medical Center | Valenta A.L.,ER One Institute | Lord G.C.,Emergency Care Coordination Center | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Burn Care and Research | Year: 2014

In 2005, the American Burn Association published burn disaster guidelines. This work recognized that local and state assets are the most important resources in the initial 24-to 48-hour management of a burn disaster. Historical experiences suggest there is ample opportunity to improve local and state preparedness for a major burn disaster. This review will focus on the basics of developing a burn surge disaster plan for a mass casualty event. In the event of a disaster, burn centers must recognize their place in the context of local and state disaster plan activation. Planning for a burn center takes on three forms; institutional/intrafacility, interfacility/intrastate, and interstate/regional. Priorities for a burn disaster plan include: coordination, communication, triage, plan activation (trigger point), surge, and regional capacity. Capacity and capability of the plan should be modeled and exercised to determine limitations and identify breaking points. When there is more than one burn center in a given state or jurisdiction, close coordination and communication between the burn centers are essential for a successful response. Burn surge mass casualty planning at the facility and specialty planning levels, including a state burn surge disaster plan, must have interface points with governmental plans. Local, state, and federal governmental agencies have key roles and responsibilities in a burn mass casualty disaster. This work will include a framework and critical concepts any burn disaster planning effort should consider when developing future plans.Copyright © 2013 by the American Burn Association 1559-047X/2014.

News Article | December 8, 2015
Site: www.techtimes.com

China has issued a red alert for the first time ever as a blanket of smog has been settling over the capital Beijing. As part of the alert, schools would be closed, factories temporarily shut down and half the city's cars would be ordered off roads within the city limits, officials said. Cars with even and odd number license plates will alternate daily in using the city's roads, they explained. The restrictions will be in effect until Dec. 10, when a cold weather front predicted by meteorologists is expected to push the smog out of the city. Five days of steadily worsening pollution cut visibility within some parts of Beijing to 300 feet or less and delayed many flights into the city's main airport, prompting Beijing's Office of Emergency Management to issue the red alert. An "orange alert," officially the second-highest alert level of the city's four-step system, had been called last week for the first time this year. A red alert has never been called in Beijing before this. Commuters in the city expressed concern over the driving restrictions and the effect it could have on the city's already overloaded mass transit system of buses and the subway. Parents with children whose schools were closed also said they were concerned about the consequences. "We were just informed the primary school will be shut for three days," said Li Xia, 35, who has an eight-year-old daughter. "There isn't such a thing as a pollution holiday for us. So I don't know how this will work — what are we going to do with our children while we're working?" Still, the red alert suggests Chinese officials are taking pollution seriously after many years of denying any problems, environmentalists said. "That's a sign of a different attitude from the Beijing government," said Dong Liansai, an energy and climate campaigner for Greenpeace who is based in Beijing. "It shows they really want to initiate this alert system and deal with air pollution." Pollution is not just a problem for Beijing, environmental activist Ma Jun pointed out. "We need to realize that pollution is a regional problem and it's not just about our own city [Beijing] and whatever emergency actions we can take," said Jun, director of the Beijing-based Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs. Any measure addressing only Beijing "can only have limited results," he said.

Sullivan J.M.,Office of Emergency Management | Sullivan J.M.,Washington Technology | Prasanna P.G.S.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Grace M.B.,Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority | And 5 more authors.
Health Physics | Year: 2013

Following a mass-casualty nuclear disaster, effective medical triage has the potential to save tens of thousands of lives. In order to best use the available scarce resources, there is an urgent need for biodosimetry tools to determine an individual's radiation dose. Initial triage for radiation exposure will include location during the incident, symptoms, and physical examination. Stepwise triage will include point of care assessment of less than or greater than 2 Gy, followed by secondary assessment, possibly with high throughput screening, to further define an individual's dose. Given the multisystem nature of radiation injury, it is unlikely that any single biodosimetry assay can be used as a standalone tool to meet the surge in capacity with the timeliness and accuracy needed. As part of the national preparedness and planning for a nuclear or radiological incident, the authors reviewed the primary literature to determine the capabilities and limitations of a number of biodosimetry assays currently available or under development for use in the initial and secondary triage of patients. Understanding the requirements from a response standpoint and the capability and logistics for the various assays will help inform future biodosimetry technology development and acquisition. Factors considered include: type of sample required, dose detection limit, time interval when the assay is feasible biologically, time for sample preparation and analysis, ease of use, logistical requirements, potential throughput, point-of-care capability, and the ability to support patient diagnosis and treatment within a therapeutically relevant time point. Copyright © 2013 Health Physics Society.

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