The Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University , located in Odessa, Ukraine, is one of the country's major universities, named after the scientist Élie Metchnikoff , a Nobel prizewinner in 1908. The university was founded in 1865, by an edict of Tsar Alexander II of Russia reorganizing the Richelieu Lyceum of Odessa into the new Imperial Novorossiya University. In the Soviet era, the University was renamed Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University .During the century and a half of its existence, the University has earned the reputation of being one of the best educational institutions in the Ukraine. The excellence of the University is also recognized outside the Ukraine; Odessa National University is one of the highest-ranked universities in the world, occupying 48th place in one rating of universities worldwide.Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University comprises four institutes, ten faculties, and seven specialized councils. The University is famous for its scientific library, the largest and oldest of any university in the Ukraine . Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2008.4.1.4.1. | Award Amount: 8.01M | Year: 2009
The Black Sea Catchment is internationally known as one of ecologically unsustainable development and inadequate resource management, which has led to severe environmental, social and economic problems. EnviroGRIDS @ Black Sea Catchment aims at building the capacities of regional stakeholders to use new international standards to gather, store, distribute, analyze, visualize and disseminate crucial information on past, present and future states of the environment, in order to assess its sustainability and vulnerability. The EnviroGRIDS @ Black Sea Catchment project addresses these issues by bringing several emerging information technologies that are revolutionizing the way we are able to observe our planet. The Group on Earth Observation Systems of Systems (GEOSS) is building a data-driven view of our planet that feeds into models and scenarios. EnviroGRIDS aims at building the capacity of scientist to assemble such a system in the Black Sea Catchment, the capacity of decision-makers to use it, and the capacity of the general public to understand the important environmental, social and economic issues at stake. To achieve its objectives, EnviroGRIDS will build an ultra-modern Grid enabled Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) that will become one component in the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), compatible with the new EU directive on Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Union (INSPIRE). EnviroGRIDS will particularly target the needs of the Black Sea Commission (BSC) and the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) in order to help bridging the gap between science and policy.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2011.1.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 10.93M | Year: 2011
CLAIRE investigates the ways in which climate change alters the threat of air pollution on European land ecosystems including soils. Based on field observations, experimental data and models, it establishes new flux, concentration and dose-response relationships, as a basis to inform future European policies. Starting with biosphere-atmosphere exchange measurements, CLAIRE quantifies how global warming and altered precipitation will affect emissions of key European primary pollutants (NOx, NH3, VOCs), including interactions with increasing aerosol and hemispheric O3 background concentrations, modifying atmospheric transport and deposition. An ensemble of chemistry transport models will be applied to assess uncertainty in response to harmonized scenarios for climate, emissions and land-use, while high resolution studies will investigate how climate change alters local patterns of pollutant exposure and threshold exceedance. A network of European experiments for contrasting ecosystems and climates, combined with meta-analysis of unpublished datasets, will quantify how climate change alters ecosystem vulnerability to tropospheric O3 and N deposition, including interaction with increased CO2. Combined with special topics on interactions with N form (wet/dry, NHx/NOy), aerosol-exacerbated drought stress and BVOC self-protection of O3 effects, novel threshold and dose-response approaches will be developed. These will be combined with regional atmospheric and biogeochemical models to estimate interactions and feedbacks on plant/soil carbon stocks, greenhouse gas balance and plant species change. The new risk assessment chain to be developed will be applied at the European scale, quantifying how projected climate change will alter damage estimates. Combined with economic valuation of ecosystem services, improved integrated assessment modelling will allow a cost-benefit analysis to inform future mitigation and adaptation strategies on air pollution and climate change.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP-SICA | Phase: OCEAN.2011-3 | Award Amount: 16.99M | Year: 2012
The overall scientific objectives of PERSEUS are to identify the interacting patterns of natural and human-derived pressures on the Mediterranean and Black Seas, assess their impact on marine ecosystems and, using the objectives and principles of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive as a vehicle, to design an effective and innovative research governance framework based on sound scientific knowledge. Well-coordinated scientific research and socio-economic analysis will be applied at a wide-ranging scale, from basin to coastal. The new knowledge will advance our understanding on the selection and application of the appropriate descriptors and indicators of the MSFD. New tools will be developed in order to evaluate the current environmental status, by way of combining monitoring and modelling capabilities and existing observational systems will be upgraded and extended. Moreover, PERSEUS will develop a concept of an innovative, small research vessel, aiming to serve as a scientific survey tool, in very shallow areas, where the currently available research vessels are inadequate. In view of reaching Good Environmental Status (GES), a scenario-based framework of adaptive policies and management schemes will be developed. Scenarios of a suitable time frame and spatial scope will be used to explore interactions between projected anthropogenic and natural pressures. A feasible and realistic adaptation policy framework will be defined and ranked in relation to vulnerable marine sectors/groups/regions in order to design management schemes for marine governance. Finally, the project will promote the principles and objectives outlined in the MSFD across the SES. Leading research Institutes and SMEs from EU Member States, Associated States, Associated Candidate countries, non-EU Mediterranean and Black Sea countries, will join forces in a coordinated manner, in order to address common environmental pressures, and ultimately, take action in the challenge of achieving GES.
Trunov A.,Odessa I I Mechnikov National University
Electrochimica Acta | Year: 2013
The aim of present investigation is to theoretically identify parameters which are the root reason for differentiation of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on two different pathways with formation on oxide electrode materials either OH- or HO2 - ions. Theoretical analysis of the ORR data on cobalt and nickel oxides was performed. New original ORR mechanism was proposed. The mechanism is based on a concept of multistage electrochemical process with a slow chemical reaction stage. Triad of requirements describing properties of electrode materials which fully determine pathways of ORR was formulated. On a specific electrode material ORR proceeds with formation of OH- ions when three following requirements are simultaneously fulfilled. First, oxide or hydroxide with atoms, which could change an effective positive charge as a result of electrochemical process, shall be present on electrode material surface at ORR range of potentials. Second, the electrode material shall have a surface crystal structure which allows formation of oxygen molecule "bridge" between two surface atoms with effective positive charge (the "bridged" chemical structure may be described as a surface binuclear oxide nanocluster). Third, electrochemical potential of transfer of oxide atoms with effective positive charge from oxidized to reduced state shall be more positive than the potential of formation of HO2 - ions. Analysis of structure of Co3O4, NiCo 2O4 and Co3O4-Li2O oxides indicated that on these oxides all three requirements are fulfilled. Therefore on Co3O4, Co3O4-Li2O and NiCo2O4 electrodes ORR proceeds via pathway with formation of OH- ions. On NiO and NiO-Li2O oxides only first and second requirements are fulfilled. Therefore ORR proceeds with formation of HO2 - ions. The triad of requirements formulated in a course of analysis of ORR on oxide electrodes was successfully used in cases with single-crystal Pt and Au electrodes. On Pt and Au (1 0 0) electrodes all three requirements are fulfilled, therefore ORR proceeds via pathway with formation of OH- ions. On Au (1 1 1) and Au (1 1 0) electrodes the first condition is not fulfilled, therefore on such electrodes HO2 - ions are formed. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Rylyuk V.M.,Odessa I I Mechnikov National University
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2012
We consider the tunneling ionization of an electron, bound by a zero-range potential and a constant magnetic field, under the influence of a monochromatic laser beam with elliptical polarization. The exact solution of the Schrödinger equation and the Green's function for an electron moving in an arbitrary electromagnetic wave and crossed constant electric and magnetic fields are obtained. The exact expressions are found for the level shift and width of the electron in a zero-range force field, a constant magnetic field, and a monochromatic electromagnetic field. In the case of ionization of neutral atoms and positive ions, we also take into consideration the Coulomb interaction of the emerging electron with the atomic or ionic core. The first-order contributions from the Stark and Zeeman effects to the ionization rate are taken into account as well. The paper generalizes the results earlier obtained by V. M. Rylyuk and J. Ortner. © 2012 American Physical Society.
Bekshaev A.Ya.,Odessa I I Mechnikov National University
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2012
We analyze the paraxial beam transformation upon reflection and refraction at a plane boundary. In contrast to the usual approach dealing with the beam angular spectrum, we apply the continuity conditions to explicit spatial representations of the electric and magnetic fields on both sides of the boundary. It is shown that the polarization-dependent distortions of the beam trajectory (in particular, the "longitudinal" Goos-Hänchen shift and the "lateral" Imbert-Fedorov shift of the beam center of gravity) are directly connected to the incident beam longitudinal component and appear due to its transformation at the boundary. © 2012 American Physical Society.
Kulinskii V.L.,Odessa I I Mechnikov National University
Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2010
The unified geometrical interpretation of the linear character of the Zeno-line (unit compressibility line Z = 1) and the rectilinear diameter is proposed. We show that recent findings about the properties of the Zenoline and striking correlation with the rectilinear diameter line as well as other empirical relations can be naturally considered as the consequences of the projective isomorphism between the real molecular fluids and the lattice gas (Ising) model. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 2.84M | Year: 2011
LOG4GREENs objective is to boost the regional competitiveness and growth in six European regions: Carinthia (AT), Ruhr (GE), Wallonia (BE), Normandy (FR), Istanbul (TR), Odessa (UA). Logistics clusters of these regions have joined forces to elaborate and to start the implementation of a Joint Action Plan. LOG4GREEN considers the characteristics of Sustainable Transport Logistics such as: (i) logistics is genuinely defined by a need for interaction and qualified communication, (ii) logistics is a key factor for the greening of transport, (iii) the role of logistics is underestimated and needs public awareness to support an overall development towards more sustainability. 4 general objectives within the RTD-based logistics sector have been defined and transformed into a 36 months workplan: (1) to strengthen integrative research in the overall field of logistic systems by developing transregional interdisciplinary RTD-networks involving stakeholder groups along the value-added chain, (2) to foster interregional knowledge exchange between the triple helix stakeholders making use of the challenges/best practices for green transport in order to open up new fields for research activities, (3) to optimise education and training of (young) experts to meet the challenges of the highly complex multidisciplinary requirements of the future logistics innovation systems, (4) to enhance the competitive performance of the European logistics clusters with regard to the development of successful regional RTD- and knowledge transfer structures in global context. The partnership builds upon existing bilateral cooperation between partner regions, promotes synergies but also identifies complementarities in both research and economic fields. The consortium further improves existing links between the actors involved and stakeholders in clearly defined mentoring regions. The project thus supports the development (or foundation) and internationalisation of regional research-driven cluster.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 1.67M | Year: 2017
When the transfer of modern sciences to and the study of the Black Sea Region (BSR) began in the late 18. century, this area was not yet considered part of Europe. The proposed inter/multidisciplinary research and exchange projects title refers to that fact. Knowledge and science exchange between Europe and the BSR intensified in the course of the 19th and early 20th century and was interrupted when as result of WWI/WWII a significant part of the BSR was integrated into the Soviet Unions orbit. The BSR disappeared behind the Iron Curtain and the academic cultures of West and East drifted apart. The previous 25 years have witnessed strengthening ties between BSR countries and between the BSR and the rest of Europe as well as globalisation of knowledge and scientific exchange. The integration of the BSR into the European Research Area (ERA) is on the way but not yet completed. The proposed project provides excellent opportunities to critically reflect the sketched processes and to look into future. The suggested projects quality, credibility and novelty lies in its * attempt to systematically investigate knowledge and cultural exchanges between the BSR and Western Europe from the late 18th century to the present, * theoretical and methodological approaches with the potential to establish new pathways for future research and in its foregrounding of gender aspects. The suggested project establishes a network consisting of 12 research institutions from 12 BSR countries and Austria. It includes representatives of all the core disciplines of the humanities emerging around 1900. Innovative aspects of the proposed project consist of 1) drawing attention to an emerging region (BSR) consisting of countries previously considered as belonging to separate historical regions, 2) systematic investigation of knowledge and culture exchange within and beyond the region, 3) innovative theoretical framework, 4) inter/multidisciplinary methodology and 5) explicit gender perspectives.
Bekshaev A.Y.,Odessa I I Mechnikov National University
Journal of Optics (United Kingdom) | Year: 2013
We analyse the ponderomotive action experienced by a small spherical particle immersed in an optical field, in relation to the internal energy flows (optical currents) and their spin and orbital constituents. The problem is studied analytically, on the basis of the dipole model, and numerically. The three sources of the field mechanical action - the energy density gradient and the orbital and spin parts of the energy flow - differ in their ponderomotive mechanisms, and their physical nature manifests itself in the dependence of the optical force on the particle radius a. If a ≪ λ (the radiation wavelength), the optical force behaves as aν, and integer ν can be used to classify the sources of the mechanical action. This classification correlates with the multipole representation of the field-particle interaction: the gradient force and the orbital momentum force appear due to the electric or magnetic dipole moments per se; the spin momentum force emerges due to interaction between the electric and magnetic dipoles or between the dipole and quadrupole moments (if the particle is polarizable electrically but not magnetically or vice versa). In principle, the spin and orbital currents can be measured separately through the probe particle motion, employing a special choice of particles with the necessary magnetic and/or electric properties. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.