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Sedriep S.,Bio Cell Unit Laboratory and Analysis Center | Xia X.,Guilin Medical University | Marotta F.,ReGenera Research Group for Aging Intervention | Zhou L.,Peking University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents | Year: 2011

The main object of this study is to examine the effect of Klamin®, a nutraceutical containing phenylethylamine, phycocyanins, mycosporine-like aminoacids and aphanizomenon flos aquae-phytochrome on the learning and memory ability, the oxidative status and cerebral erythropoietin and its receptor EPO/EPOR system in prematurely senescent (PS) mice. A total of 28 PS mice, selected according to a prior T-maze test, and 26 non-prematurely senescent mice (NPS) mice were chosen. PS animals were divided into 3 groups and followed for 4 weeks: A) normal chow diet; B) added with Klamin® at 20 mg/kg/day (low dose); C) added with Klamin® at 100mg/kg/day (high dose). A further group of NPS mice given either normal food (group D) or high dose Klamin® (group E) was also considered. The behavioral procedures of spatial learning ability (Morris test) showed that PS mice had significantly longer learning time as compared to their NPS counterpart (p<0.01), but this effect was prevented especially in mice supplemented with high-dose Klamin® (p<0.05) which improved performances in NPS mice (p<0.05). High-dose Klamin® supplementation restored the depleted total thiol concentration in the brain observed in PS mice while normalizing their increased malonildialdehyde level (p<0.05). Moreover, the high-dosage only caused a significant upregulation of EPO/EPOR system both in PS and in NPS animals (p<0.05). Taken together, these data suggest that this specific alga Klamath extract has considerable antioxidant and adaptogenic properties, also through a stimulatory effect of cerebral EPO/EPO system. Copyright © by BIOLIFE, s.a.s. Source


Marotta F.,ReGenera Research Group for Aging Intervention | Yadav H.,U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases | Kumari A.,University of Quebec | Catanzaro R.,University of Catania | And 4 more authors.
Rejuvenation Research | Year: 2012

We tested a biofermented nutraceutical (FPP) that has been previously shown to positively modulate nitric oxide (NO). Forty-two healthy middle-aged subjects were given 3 grams of FPP three times a day for 6 weeks, and tests were repeated at 3 and 6 weeks; the control group was given a placebo. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was measured together with NO compounds (nitrogen oxides [NOx]: NO2 -+NO3 -) plasma levels and asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA). In the interventional group, overall FMD significantly increased from 4.2% to 7.3% (p<0.05 vs. placebo). A significant increase in plasma NO and a decrease in ADMA were detected after consumption of FPP (p<0.01). Although larger studies are awaited, it appears that, at least in healthy individuals, such nutraceutical intervention by positively acting on significant cardiovascular parameters can be considered in the armamentarium of a proactive age-management strategy. © 2012 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source


Marotta F.,ReGenera Research Group | Naito Y.,Immunology Research Institute and Clinic | Padrini F.,ReGenera Research Group | Xuewei X.,Peking University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents | Year: 2011

There is increasing evidence that psychosocial stress can be viewed as a system-wide derangement of cellular homeostasis, with heightened oxidative stress and triggered proinflammatory mechanisms. The aim of this study is twofold: a) to replicate findings that psychological stress increases oxidative damage and b) to determine whether a fermented papaya preparation known to exert significant protective antioxidant properties could buffer such increases in nuclear DNA damage while also inducing epigenetic protective mechanisms. Twenty-eight sedentary men and women (age range: 28-52), who reported living a stressful lifestyle but with an overall positive attitude, were recruited for this study. Chronic diseases as well as severe burnout and use of drugs for anxiety constituted exclusion criteria. Subjects were supplemented for 1 month with 9g/day (4.5g twice a day) of a certified fermented papaya preparation. All subjects were given a stress and sleep quality questionnaire together with a diet and life style assessment. Blood was collected at 2 and 4 week, erythrocyte and leukocyte were separated to assess redox balance and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) gene expression while bilirubin oxidized metabolites (BOMs) were tested in the urine. Stressed individuals showed a significant abnormality of redox status with increased MDA of erythrocyte and increased level of 8-0HdG in leukocyte and BOMs excretion (p<0.05). Nutraceutical supplementation brought about a normalization of such values already at the 2 week observation (p<0.05) together with a significant upregulation of HO-1 (p<0.01). Taken together, the results of this study confirm that stressful occupational life per se, without any overt psychiatric illness, may be associated to increased oxidative stress. Supplementation with functional food affecting redox regulation may be part of the therapeutic armamentarium to be considered in this clinical setting. Copyright © by BIOLIFE, s.a.s. Source


Marotta F.,ReGenera Research Group for Aging Intervention | Polimeni A.,ReGenera Research Group for Aging Intervention | Solimene U.,University of Milan | Lorenzetti A.,ReGenera Research Group for Aging Intervention | And 5 more authors.
Rejuvenation Research | Year: 2012

This study tested the activity of LD-1227, which contains a caviar-derived homogenate added with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)-selenium component (CaviarLieri®, Lab-Dom, Switzerland), in aged human skin and its potential role on skin mitochondria function. Human dermal fibroblasts were obtained from healthy donors over 70 years old and treated with LD-1227 for 72hr. As compared to baseline, LD-1227 caused a robust (>67%) collagen type I synthesis (p<0.001) and decreased fibronectin synthesis (p<0.05) with significant fibronectin messenger RNA (mRNA) downregulation (p<0.05, r=0.78). A significant collagen mRNA overexpression occurred with LD-1227 treatment (p<0.05). Mitochondria cytosolic adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level decreased in aged skin samples (p<0.05 vs. young control), but this phenomenon was reversed by LD-1227 (p<0.01). These data show that LD-1227 may modify the extracellular matrix milieu in aged skin and also beneficially affect mitochondrial function. © 2012 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source


Marotta F.,ReGenera Research Group for Aging Intervention | Kumari A.,University of Quebec | Yadav H.,U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases | Polimeni A.,ReGenera Research Group for Aging Intervention | And 4 more authors.
Rejuvenation Research | Year: 2012

We tested the activity of the marine nutraceutical CL-1222 added with a coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)-lutein-selenium component (Celergen®, Laboratoires-Dom, Switzerland) to protect human fibroblasts against ultraviolet A (UVA)-induced photoaging. Cells obtained from 22- to 39-year-old healthy donors were pretreated with CL-1222 before UV irradiation, as compared with same quantity of the CoQ10-lutein-selenium component. As compared to untreated control, UVA-irradiated samples exhibited a significant increase of secreted matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) (p<0.001) with over four-fold MMP-1 upregulation (p<0.001). Samples treated with CL-1222, but not with the CoQ10-lutein-selenium component, showed a significant decrease of MMP-1 secretion (p<0.01) and expression decrease (>60%, p<0.01) with >54% elastase activity inhibition (p<0.01). This preliminary study shows that such marine nutraceuticals can significantly protect against UV-irradiation irrespective of the CoQ10-lutein-selenium component with a specific protective gene expression modulation amenable to novel clinical applications. © 2012 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

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