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Fuchs B.,Octapharma Research and Development | Budde U.,Institute der Labormedizin | Schulz A.,Free University of Berlin | Kessler C.M.,Georgetown University | And 2 more authors.
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2010

Introduction: VWF circulates in plasma as a series of heterogeneous multimers, mediating platelet tethering, translocation and finally adhesion to areas of injured endothelium under physiological high arterial blood flow. VWF-platelet binding requires conformational changes in VWF, which are induced by immobilization and shear. Because of unavailability of a simple flow-based measurement system, VWF activity assays are generally performed under static conditions. We describe an easily reproducible in vitro flow-chamber model using commercially available flow devices to examine VWF-collagen binding and VWF-mediated platelet adhesion under physiological flow conditions. Methods: The collagen surface of the flow-chamber was analyzed by atomic force microscopy. Collagen-bound VWF was characterized by multimer analysis and multi labelling immunofluorescence detection of exposed GPIb binding domains. Platelet adhesion was captured by time-lapse microscopy. Results: The described flow-chamber system facilitates multimer analysis of collagen-bound VWF, whereas all VWF multimers bound to collagen under physiological low to high shear rates. Multi labelling immunofluorescence detection exhibited exposed GPIb binding domains co-localized with VWF molecules. VWF-dependent platelet adhesion using time-lapse microscopy showed values comparable to experiments done with whole blood, and platelet adhesion was dependent on the VWF concentration. Conclusions: The established flow-chamber model represents an easy-to-set-up and customized tool for the characterization of VWF-binding to collagen as well as the determination of VWF-dependent platelet adhesion under defined flow conditions in real-time. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kannicht C.,Octapharma Research and Development | Fisseau C.,Octapharma Research and Development | Hofmann W.,Octapharma Research and Development | Kroning M.,University of Applied Sciences, Berlin | Fuchs B.,Octapharma Research and Development
Biologicals | Year: 2015

ADAMTS13 is a metalloproteinase that cleaves von Willebrand factor (VWF) into smaller multimers invivo. This cleavage creates both the typical multimeric size distribution and the characteristic triplet band distribution of VWF. Here we analysed ADAMTS13 content, VWF multimeric size distribution and VWF triplet structure in five commercial VWF/factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates.The relative distribution of ADAMTS13 activity values corresponded well to the ADAMTS13 antigen values for all examined concentrates except Haemate HS®, which had markedly higher ADAMTS13 antigen/activity ratio, with Fanhdi® and Haemate HS® displaying the most intense ADAMTS13 signal. Interestingly, ADAMTS13 levels did not correlate with the high molecular weight multimer content of the concentrates, but did correlate with VWF triplet distribution. Densitometric quantification showed that Wilate®, Immunate® and Willfact® displayed human plasma-like VWF triplet distribution, whereas Fanhdi® and Haemate HS® showed enhanced content of the faster migrating triplet band, which corresponded well to their higher ADAMTS13 content.In summary, Immunate®, Willfact® and Wilate® had lower levels of ADAMTS13 antigen and activity and exhibited a plasma-like VWF triplet structure. Fanhdi® and Haemate HS® had higher ADAMTS13 content and an altered triplet structure. The possible impact of these observations on function and clinical efficacy of VWF/FVIII concentrates is discussed. © 2014 The International Alliance for Biological Standardization.

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