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San Giorgio di Piano, Italy

Bigi M.,Consorzio RFX | Rinaldi L.,OCEM Energy Technology | Simon M.,Fusion for Energy F4E | Sita L.,OCEM Energy Technology | And 12 more authors.
Fusion Engineering and Design

The SPIDER experiment, currently under construction at the Neutral Beam Test Facility in Padua, Italy, is a full-size prototype of the ion source for the ITER Neutral Beam Injectors. The Ion Source and Extraction Power Supplies (ISEPS) for SPIDER are supplied by OCEM Energy Technology s.r.l. (OCEM) under a procurement contract with Fusion for Energy (F4E) covering also the units required for MITICA and ITER injectors. The detailed design of SPIDER ISEPS was finalized in 2011 and manufacture of most components completed by end 2013. The Factory Acceptance Tests took place early 2014. ISEPS, with an overall power rating of 5 MVA, form a heterogeneous set of items including solid state power converters and 1 MHz radiofrequency generators of 200 kW output power. The paper presents the main features of the detailed design developed by OCEM, focusing in particular on the high output voltage pulse step modulators, the high output current resonant converters, the radiofrequency generators by HIMMELWERK GmbH and the architecture and implementation of the complex control system. Details are given on non-standard factory tests verifying the insulation requirements specific to this application. Performance of ISEPS during the factory acceptance tests is described, with emphasis on demonstration of the load protection requirements, a crucial point for all neutral beam power supplies. Finally, key dates of SPIDER ISEPS installation and site testing schedule are provided. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Lampasi A.,ENEA | Coletti A.,Fusion for Energy F4E | Novello L.,Fusion for Energy F4E | Matsukawa M.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency | And 3 more authors.
Fusion Engineering and Design

This paper describes the approved detailed design of the four Switching Network Units (SNUs) of the superconducting Central Solenoid of JT-60SA, the satellite tokamak that will be built in Naka, Japan, in the framework of the "Broader Approach" cooperation agreement between Europe and Japan. The SNUs can interrupt a current of 20 kA DC in less than 1 ms in order to produce a voltage of 5 kV. Such performance is obtained by inserting an electronic static circuit breaker in parallel to an electromechanical contactor and by matching and coordinating their operations. Any undesired transient overvoltage is limited by an advanced snubber circuit optimized for this application. The SNU resistance values can be adapted to the specific operation scenario. In particular, after successful plasma breakdown, the SNU resistance can be reduced by a making switch. The design choices of the main SNU elements are justified by showing and discussing the performed calculations and simulations. In most cases, the developed design is expected to exceed the performances required by the JT-60SA project. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Lampasi A.,ENEA | Zito P.,ENEA | Coletti A.,Fusion for Energy F4E | Novello L.,Fusion for Energy F4E | And 6 more authors.
Fusion Engineering and Design

This paper presents the main characteristics and test results of the first Switching Network Unit (SNU) of the Central Solenoid for plasma initiation in the international experiment JT-60SA.The SNU can interrupt a direct current up to 20. kA producing at its terminals a voltage up to 5. kV with a rise time shorter than 100. μs. This is obtained by synchronizing the operation of a light electromechanical contactor with a static switch in order to combine the benefits of both devices. Even though the design was based on the JT-60SA specifications, the adopted solutions can be extended to many fusion and industrial applications.Due to the novelty of the developed solutions, an exhaustive set of tests were performed both on relevant single devices and on the complete SNU, even at full current, full voltage and full energy. The most relevant tests were performed using the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade (FTU) facilities reproducing the JT-60SA operating conditions. As the presented tests demonstrated the capabilities of the SNU to comply with the requirements, the manufacturing of the remaining three Central Solenoid SNUs can proceed and is expected to be completed by 2015. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

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