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Gostiljac D.,Institute for Endocrinology | Dorevic P.,Institute for Endocrinology | Djuric D.,Serbian Institute of Physiology | Djuric D.,University of Belgrade | And 7 more authors.
Acta Physiologica Hungarica | Year: 2011

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the main cause of mortality in diabetics. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in diabetics is much more often than in non-diabetics. MMP-9 activity could ease the formation of atherosclerosis, destabilization and plaque rupture as well as thrombocyte aggregation. The aim of this study is to examine: MMP-9 defining in serum in diabetics; the impact of diabetes mellitus on atherosclerosis and MMP-9 level; relation between serum values of MMP-9 and markers of glycoregulation and lipid status, respectively. Results: The greatest concentration of both total and active MMP-9 serum has been noted in diabetics group with ACS. Both total and active MMP-9 values, in group with diabetes and ACS showed significantly important difference regarding the values in control group. Total and active MMP-9 showed statistically important correlation between the values of glycated hemoglobine A1c (HbA1c) and inverse correlations with values of subfraction HDL3.Active MMP-9 showed statistically important inverse correlation with value of HDL cholesterol. In conclusion: According to the results, it has been thought that active MMP-9 shows a certain degree of atherosclerotic changes on blood vessels better than total MMP-9. MMP-9, active one, could present an early marker of atherosclerosis, especially on coronary blood vessels, in diabetics with type 2. © 2011 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest. Source

Jung S.H.,Ewha Womans University | Gombojav B.,Institute for Health Promotion | Park E.-C.,Yonsei University | Ohrr H.,Institute for Health Promotion | Won J.U.,Institute for Occupational Health
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

We assessed the association between frequency of heavy binge drinking and mortality from oropharynx and esophagus cancer after controlling for the total volume of alcohol intake among Korean men. The cohort comprised 2,677 male residents in Kangwha County, aged 55 or older in March 1985, for their upper digestive tract cancer mortality for 20.8 years up to December 31, 2005. For daily binge drinkers versus non-drinkers, the hazard ratios (95% Cls) for mortality were 4.82 (1.36, 17.1) and 6.75 (1.45, 31.4) for oropharyngeal and esophageal cancers, respectively. Even after adjusting for the volume of alcohol intake, we found the hazard ratios for frequency of binge drinking and mortality of oropharyngeal or esophageal cancer to not change appreciably: the hazard ratios were 4.90 (1.00, 27.0) and 7.17 (1.02, 50.6), respectively. For esophageal cancer, there was a strong dose-response relationship. The frequency of heavy binge drinking and not just the volume of alcohol intake may increase the risk of mortality from upper digestive tract cancer, particularly esophageal cancer in Korean men. These findings need to be confirmed in further studies with a larger sample size. Source

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