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Verret V.,Occlugel SAS | Pelage J.P.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Wassef M.,APHP | Wassef M.,University Paris Diderot | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2014

Purpose: To evaluate angiographic recanalization, inflammatory reaction, and uterine damage after sheep uterine artery embolization (UAE) with a novel calibrated resorbable embolization microsphere (REM) and compare the results with control nonresorbable microspheres. Materials and Methods: Six hormonally artificially cycled sheep underwent bilateral UAE until stasis with either REM or trisacryl-gelatin microspheres (TGMS). At 7 days, control angiograms were obtained to assess the residual vascularization at arterial and parenchymal phases. The animals were then sacrificed for analysis of the presence of microspheres, inflammatory foreign body reaction, and surface areas of uterine damage. Results: Mean volume of microspheres injected per uterine artery (UA) or per animal did not differ between groups. At day 7, the flow was normal for six of six UAs that received embolization with REM versus only three of six UAs with TGMS (P = .0455, χ2 test). Uterine parenchymography showed no defects in six UAs in the REM group versus five defects in six UAs in the TGMS group (P = .0060, χ2 test). No REM or residual fragments of microspheres were observed on histologic analysis. TGMS were observed in tissues and accompanied by a mild inflammatory response. Necrosis rates were not significantly different between the two products, either in endometrium (REM 23.5% ± 28.8% [median 8.1%] vs TGMS 21.8% ± 23.7% [median 14.6%]) or in myometrium (REM 8.2% ± 22.7% [median 0.0%] vs TGMS 8.8% ± 20.8% [median 0.9%]). Endometrium alteration rate was lower with REM than with TGMS (39.7% ± 25.7% [median 34%] vs 60.6% ± 27.1% [median 71%]; P = .0060, Mann-Whitney test). Myometrium alteration rates were not significantly different between REM (45.7% ± 37.1% [median 63.0%]) and TGMS (37.8% ± 34.0% [median 19.1%]). Conclusions: At 1 week after sheep UAE with REM, the recanalization was complete, the microspheres were completely degraded, and there was no remnant inflammatory response. © 2014 SIR.

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