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Muller P.,Cancer Immunology & Biology | Martin K.,Cancer Immunology & Biology | Schreiner J.,Cancer Immunology & Biology | Savic S.,University Hospital Basel | And 9 more authors.
Cancer immunology research | Year: 2014

Antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) are emerging as powerful treatment strategies with outstanding target-specificity and high therapeutic activity in patients with cancer. Brentuximab vedotin represents a first-in-class ADC directed against CD30(+) malignancies. We hypothesized that its sustained clinical responses could be related to the stimulation of an anticancer immune response. In this study, we demonstrate that the dolastatin family of microtubule inhibitors, from which the cytotoxic component of brentuximab vedotin is derived, comprises potent inducers of phenotypic and functional dendritic cell (DC) maturation. In addition to the direct cytotoxic effect on tumor cells, dolastatins efficiently promoted antigen uptake and migration of tumor-resident DCs to the tumor-draining lymph nodes. Exposure of murine and human DCs to dolastatins significantly increased their capacity to prime T cells. Underlining the requirement of an intact host immune system for the full therapeutic benefit of dolastatins, the antitumor effect was far less pronounced in immunocompromised mice. We observed substantial therapeutic synergies when combining dolastatins with tumor antigen-specific vaccination or blockade of the PD-1-PD-L1 and CTLA-4 coinhibitory pathways. Ultimately, treatment with ADCs using dolastatins induces DC homing and activates cellular antitumor immune responses in patients. Our data reveal a novel mechanism of action for dolastatins and provide a strong rationale for clinical treatment regimens combining dolastatin-based therapies, such as brentuximab vedotin, with immune-based therapies. ©2014 American Association for Cancer Research.


PubMed | University of Cologne, University of Basel, University of Lausanne, Surgery. and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer immunology research | Year: 2014

Antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) are emerging as powerful treatment strategies with outstanding target-specificity and high therapeutic activity in patients with cancer. Brentuximab vedotin represents a first-in-class ADC directed against CD30(+) malignancies. We hypothesized that its sustained clinical responses could be related to the stimulation of an anticancer immune response. In this study, we demonstrate that the dolastatin family of microtubule inhibitors, from which the cytotoxic component of brentuximab vedotin is derived, comprises potent inducers of phenotypic and functional dendritic cell (DC) maturation. In addition to the direct cytotoxic effect on tumor cells, dolastatins efficiently promoted antigen uptake and migration of tumor-resident DCs to the tumor-draining lymph nodes. Exposure of murine and human DCs to dolastatins significantly increased their capacity to prime T cells. Underlining the requirement of an intact host immune system for the full therapeutic benefit of dolastatins, the antitumor effect was far less pronounced in immunocompromised mice. We observed substantial therapeutic synergies when combining dolastatins with tumor antigen-specific vaccination or blockade of the PD-1-PD-L1 and CTLA-4 coinhibitory pathways. Ultimately, treatment with ADCs using dolastatins induces DC homing and activates cellular antitumor immune responses in patients. Our data reveal a novel mechanism of action for dolastatins and provide a strong rationale for clinical treatment regimens combining dolastatin-based therapies, such as brentuximab vedotin, with immune-based therapies.


PubMed | Gynecology and Obstetrics and., Emory University and University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of clinical pathology | Year: 2014

Survival as it relates to p16 overexpression and MIB-1 (Ki-67) proliferation in primary squamous cell vaginal carcinoma was studied.Retrospective chart review from 1997 to 2006 revealed 43 patients who were treated for primary vaginal cancer at Emory University hospitals. Tissue was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining for the presence of p16 and MIB-1 markers, and survival data were examined.Patients who had primary squamous cell vaginal cancers (n = 31) with a positive diffuse staining of p16 had significantly (P = .003) improved survival (~49.5 months) compared with p16-negative patients (~25.3 months). Stage-specific analysis with 30 additional reported cases showed a significant survival benefit for p16-positive vaginal cancers compared with p16-negative cancers for stages I and II (P = .017; hazard ratio [HR] 0.400; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.189-0.850) and stages III and IV (P = .001; HR, 0.176; 95% CI, 0.066-0.479). No difference was observed in survival for MIB-1-positive tumors (P = .984; HR, 1.008; 95% CI, 0.483-2.104).The p16 marker has a significant prognostic impact in primary squamous cell vaginal cancers across all tumor stages.

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