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News Article | May 20, 2017
Site: www.prlog.org

Experts Call on Ministers of Health to Support African Union-Endorsed Candidate at World Health Assembly -- In an open letter to Ministers of Health today, 35 of the world's top global health leaders expressed support for Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus of Ethiopia to become the next Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO). On Tuesday (23 May), WHO Member States will select the next Director-General at the World Health Assembly in Geneva – a decision that will greatly impact health and lives of people around the world.Dr. Tedros' high-level endorsers – representing a broad cross section of the most influential people in global health in 23 countries and 5 continents – have called him the "most capable, qualified candidate".  They note his proven record reforming Ethiopia's health system, bringing primary healthcare to the country, cutting child mortality by 2/3, reducing HIV infections by 90% and malaria and tuberculosis deaths by 75% and 64%.These leaders – with long experience working in international health – also highlighted Dr. Tedros's public health and diplomatic leadership as well as his integrity, humility, and decisiveness."Dr. Tedros not only has the vision and experience to lead the world toward achieving the ambitious aims of the Sustainable Development Goals, including universal health coverage, but also the hands-on experience to be a supportive, credible partner to countries in efforts to achieve them," the leaders stated.The full text of the letter can be found on the campaign website and the list of signatories below.A wide-range of other leaders including former Heads of State, health, foreign affairs, development ministers, prominent academics and civil society advocates have also endorsed Dr. Tedros, found on the campaign website at www.drtedros.com Dr. Tedros served as Minister of Health (2005-2012) and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2012-2016) of Ethiopia, leading comprehensive reform which created more than 3,500 health centers; 16,000 health posts; trained 38,000 health extension workers; increased medical school enrollment; helped to improve supply chain and health information systems, and access to medicines. Dr. Tedros' public health experience is matched by experience in diplomacy and political leadership. As Board Chair of 2 major global health institutions – the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and the Roll Back Malaria Partnership. He also played a key role in negotiating the landmark Addis Ababa Action Agenda, where countries committed to co-finance the Sustainable Development Goals.If elected, Dr. Tedros would be the 1st WHO Director-General from Africa – as well as the 1st former Minister of Health or former Minister of Foreign Affairs to serve in this role., Distinguished Visiting Professor, University of Johannesburg;Former Executive Director, African Academy of Sciences, Former President, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO); Former President, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, U.K., Senior Researcher and former Vice-President of Health Production and Innovation, Fiocruz, Brazil; former Executive Director, UNITAID, Geneva; former Unit Chief of Essential Medicines, Vaccines and Health Technologies at PAHO/WHO, Washington, Chief Executive Officer, Speak Up AfricaGlobal health and anti-poverty advocate, Executive Deputy Director, Institute for Global Health, Peking University, Director, Partners in Health Rwanda; Former Board Chair, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, Professor of Clinical Public Health, Global Health and Surgery, University of Toronto, WHO Regional Director Emeritus (Europe), Founder and President, Speak Up Africa, Vice Provost for Global Initiatives and Chair, Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, University of Pennsylvania, President, University of Miami; Former Minister of Health, Mexico, Founder & Chief Executive, Rozaria Memorial Trust; African Union Ambassador on Ending Child Marriage, Midwife; Retired WHO Staff Member; Founder, Edna Adan Hospital & University; Former Foreign Minister and Former First Lady, Somaliland Republic, Former WHO Country Representative to Ethiopia; Former Senior Adviser to WHO Director-General Dr. Lee Jong-wook, Co-Founder and Former President, Global Health Advocates; Managing Director, Æquitas Consulting Pvt. Ltd., 7th President, African Development Bank (2005-2015), Chair, Global Health Innovative Technology Fund, Japan, Regional Director, Partners In Population and Development, Africa Regional Office, Director, Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Women & Girls Advocate, Youth Leader, Partnership Manager at SEED Project, Former Assistant Administrator for Global Health, U.S. Agency for International Development, Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha, Odisha, India, CEO, Big Win Philanthropy;Former Minister of Health, Nigeria; Adjunct Professor, Duke University Global Health Institute, U.S.Executive Director, International Civil Society Support; Former Executive Director Dutch AIDS Fonds and STOP AIDS NOW, Founding CEO, Global Alliance for TB Drug Development;Founding CEO, Foundation for Innovative and New Diagnostics;Chairman, Next2People Foundation, Former President, International Planned Parenthood Federation; Former Chairman, National Population Council of Ghana, Founder-President, Wellbeing Foundation Africa, Clinical Professor, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, Canada, Founder and Former President, Women Deliver; Founder and Former President, Family Care International, Chief Executive Officer, Grand Challenges Canada, Director, Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, East Africa, Director of Healthcare Research, William Davidson Institute, University of Michigan, Former Director, China Program, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; Former Director, China Office, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Former Chief of Health and Nutrition, UNICEF

PubMed | Royal Womens Hospital, Premature Infant Follow Up Programme and Neonatal Medicine and., Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Victorian Infant Brain Studies and. and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pediatrics | Year: 2015

Extremely preterm (EP; <28 weeks) birth and extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) are risk factors for poor cognitive outcomes, including in executive function (EF; higher-order cognitive skills necessary for goal-directed, adaptive functioning and important for academic and behavioral-emotional outcomes). We aimed to (1) extend the limited data on EF in EP/ELBW survivors in adolescence compared with normal birth weight controls, and (2) determine changes in EF between ages 8 and 17 years in both groups.Two hundred twenty-eight EP/ELBW and 166 control adolescents (mean age, 17 years) from a prospective geographical cohort were assessed with multiple EF tasks, and parent- and self-ratings of behavioral EF. The Rey Complex Figure and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function parent report were also administered at age 8 years, enabling examination of change in scores between childhood and adolescence.EP/ELBW adolescents performed more poorly than controls in verbal processing speed, attentional control, cognitive flexibility, and goal-setting (effect sizes, -0.7 to -0.2 SD), but not psychomotor reaction time. Group differences were of similar magnitude across tasks. From childhood to late adolescence, EP/ELBW children improved their accuracy of the Rey Complex Figure copy more than controls. According to parents, executive behaviors were largely stable over time in both groups.Adolescents born EP/ELBW have poorer EF skills across multiple domains than controls. From childhood to late adolescence, different aspects of EF improved, but others did not, underscoring the need for multidomain, longitudinal assessments in this high-risk population.

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