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Gude P.H.,Headwaters Economics | Rasker R.,Headwaters Economics | Jones K.L.,ObjectiveStat Consulting | Haggerty J.H.,Headwaters Economics | Greenwood M.C.,Montana State University
Growth and Change | Year: 2012

The U.SWest has gone through many periods of economic boom and bust, most of which were associated with rapid rises and declines in commodity marketsThe recent structural shift toward a primarily service-based economy begs the question of whether the driving forces behind the cycles of boom and bust also may be shifting away from commodities toward people and their resourcesThis paper explores several factors that contributed to growth in the 1990s and 2000s: asking whether these factors created any advantages or disadvantages during the most recent recession and whether the shift away from commodity production to a knowledge- and human capital-intensive economy has implications for how local areas experience the boom-bust cycle. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Gude P.H.,Headwaters Economics | Jones K.,ObjectiveStat Consulting | Rasker R.,Headwaters Economics | Greenwood M.C.,Montana State University
International Journal of Wildland Fire | Year: 2013

This paper uses wildfires in the Sierra Nevada area of California to estimate the relationship between housing and fire suppression costs. We investigated whether the presence of homes was associated with increased costs of firefighting after controlling for the effects of potential confounding variables including fire size, weather, terrain and human factors such as road access. This paper investigates wildfires in a way that other published studies have not; we analysed costs at the daily level, retaining information that would have been lost had we aggregated the data. We used linear mixed models to estimate the effects of homes on daily costs while incorporating within-fire variation. We conclude that the expected increase in the log daily cost with each unit increase in the log count of homes within 6 miles (∼9.7km) of an active fire is 0.07 (P≤0.005). The findings of this study are in agreement with most other previous empirical studies that have investigated the relationship between fire suppression costs and housing using cumulative fire costs and more generalised data on home locations. The study adds to mounting evidence that increases in housing lead to increases in fire suppression costs. © 2013 IAWF. Source

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