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Obihiro, Japan

Kikuchi C.,Obihiro Kyoukai Hospital | Tonozaki S.,Sapporo Medical University | Gi E.,Sapporo Medical University | Watanabe M.,Oji General Hospital | Shimizu H.,JR Sapporo Medical Hospital
Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology | Year: 2014

Background : Although shoulder-tip pain during cesarean section has been reported, little is known about this entity. We investigated the incidence of shoulder-tip pain in patients undergoing cesarean delivery under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA). Next, we studied whether head-up position during surgery reduced the incidence of shoulder-tip pain due to prevention of the spread of blood and amniotic fluid from the subphrenic space. Methods : Women with ASA physical status I or II undergoing elective or emergency cesarean delivery under CSEA at our hospital were enrolled in this study. In all women, it was investigated whether shoulder-tip pain occurred or not during and after cesarean delivery. In some of the parturient women in this study, 2 to 5 degree head-up position was employed during the operation (head-up group). We compared the frequency of shoulder-tip pain in the head-up group with that in women who were maintained in a horizontal position (horizontal group). Results : One hundred and twelve of the 242 women recruited to this study experienced shoulder-tip pain. The pain was usually mild to moderate and was relieved in a few days, but 14 patients experienced severe pain as "can not breathe". One hundred and twenty-six of the 160 women lying on an operating table in a head-up position were classified as a head-up group. Shoulder-tip pain was less frequent in the head-up group than horizontal group (50/126 vs. 62/164, P<0.05). Conclusions : This study showed that women undergoing cesarean section under CSEA experience shoulder-tip pain with great frequency. Head-up position during surgery decreases shoulder-tip pain during and after cesarean delivery. The results suggest that one of the causes of this pain is the presence of blood or amniotic fluid in the subdiaphragmatic region. Source

Kondo E.,Obihiro Kyoukai Hospital | Nakamura A.,Hokkaido University | Homma K.,Keio University | Hasegawa T.,Keio University | And 6 more authors.
Endocrine Journal | Year: 2013

Isolated hypoaldosteronism is a rare and occasionally life-threatening cause of salt wasting in infancy. A 2-month-old Japanese boy of unrelated parents was examined for failure to thrive and poor weight gain. Laboratory findings were hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, high plasma renin and low aldosterone levels. Spot urine analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) showed that urinary excretion of corticosterone metabolites was elevated. Whereas excretion of 18-hydroxycortricosterone metabolites was within the normal range, excretion of aldosterone metabolites was undetectable. The patient was therefore suspected to have aldosterone synthase deficiency type 1. Sequence analysis of CYP11B2, the gene encoding aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2), showed that the patient was a compound heterozygote for c.168G>A, p.W56X in exon 1 and c.1149C>T, p.R384X in exon 7. p.W56X was inherited from his mother and p.R384X was from his father. Since both alleles contain nonsense mutations, a lack of CYP11B2 activity was speculated to cause his condition. To our knowledge, this is the first Japanese patient in which the molecular basis of aldosterone synthase deficiency type 1 has been clarified. This case also indicates that spot urinary steroid analysis is useful for diagnosis. ©The Japan Endocrine Society. Source

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