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Stuttgart, Germany

Rajabizadeh M.,HIGH-TECH | Schmidtler J.F.,Oberfohringer Str. 35 | Javanmardi S.,Shiraz University | Rastegar-Pouyani N.,Razi University | Esmaeili H.R.,Shiraz University
Amphibia Reptilia | Year: 2012

Distribution and geographic variation in Eirenis punctatolineatus are studied in the whole distribution range of the species. The results show that the species is distributed from eastern central Turkey in the west to east up to northern Khorasan mountains in Iran and from central Armenia in the north to the south up to the adjacency of the seashores of the Persian Gulf. An univariate analysis shows that there is possibly a clinal variation in two morphometric and one meristic characters through the latitudes. Percent ratio of tail length on total length and number of Subcaudal scales increase from north to south and conversely, percent ratio of head length to total length decrease. A subsequent multivariate analysis revealed that populations of Turkey, Transcaucasia and northwestern Iran, referred to as northern populations of Eirenis punctatolineatus, and populations of the southern Zagros Mountains and adjacent areas, referred to as southern populations of Eirenis punctatolineatus are clearly different morphologically, but intermix in an intermediate area. A subspecific subdivision is suggested for the northern and southern populations. As a new combination, Eirenis punctatolineatus condoni (Boulenger, 1920), is proposed for the southern populations. © 2012 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden. Source


The first records of Zootoca vivipara carniolica in South Tyrol (the Italian autonomous province of Bolzano, Antholzer Tal, affluent to the river Rienz in the Pustertal) and the northeastern most finding of Podareis muralis maculiventris in South Tyrol (from above Olang-water reservoir in the Pustertal, an important Alpine geological cross-drain separating the central- and southern Alps) are reported. © Laurenti-Verlag, Bielefeld,. Source


The southern Munich state forests being situated east and west of the deeply carved Isar river valley (shady and cool slopes with sources and small flowing waters), cover the low and clayey Riss moraines (no wetlands, only some small ponds) and downstream the postglacial gravel plains (extremely dry soils and only very few and small puddles). The great ecological differences between these physical regions are reflected by the exclusive occurrence of Rana dalmatina in the forests (Forstenrieder Park west of the Isar) and of Rana temporaria in the Isar valley. In the eastern state forests (Perlacher Forst und Grünwalder Forst) where there are existing also artificial flowing ditches in connection with the Hachinger Bach valley, both brown frog species are spawning syntopically. © Laurenti-Verlag, Bielefeld,. Source

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