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East Wittering, United Kingdom

A short visit to a small area in the coastal hills of Montenegro was made in May 2013, where 48 species of butterflies were recorded; of these seven are considered to be vulnerable, endangered or threatened. Among the species recorded was a Melitaea phoebe-like butterfly that was later shown from antennal shape, wing morphology and male genitalia to be M. ornata, the first record of this species for Montenegro. Because of the apparent lack of recent records of Papilionoidea from Montenegro, a species list is provided. © 2015, Pemberley Books Publishing. All rights reserved. Source

Visits to Pilsey Island, Chichester Harbour, West Sussex, were undertaken in August 2013 to determine if the population of Hipparchia semele L. was still extant on the island. Unfortunately, despite apparently suitable habitat, it appears to have been lost since the author's previous visit to the island in 1974. This mirrors the general decline of this species in West Sussex over the past 50 years. Source

Tennent W.J.,Natural History Museum in London | Russell P.J.C.,Oakmeadow
Entomologist's Gazette | Year: 2010

Following recent recognition that a previously unrecognised Melitaea species M. telona Fruhstorfer, 1908 - is present in Europe, adults of which can at present be distinguished only with difficulty from Melitaea phoebe ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775), a question of formal recognition of the nominal taxon Papiliophoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, is addressed.The collection of Ignaz Schiffermüller was deposited in the collections of the then Kaiserliches Naturalienkabinet (now Naturhistorisches Museum), Vienna, where it was completely destroyed by fire in 1848. No known syntypic material of Papilio phoebe is extant; in order to maintain stability, and to avoid potential future confusion of Melitaea phoebe with M. telona, a neotype is designated for Papilio phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775. The type locality of M. phoebe is environs of Vienna, Austria, where the species has been uncommon and sporadic in appearance. The neotype was reared from a gravid female collected in Vienna and is illustrated together with the larva and pupa of this specimen. Also illustrated are water-colours of M. phoebe larva and pupa that were prepared, but not published, by Schiffermüller and now in the Natural History Museum (BMNH), London. Papilionoidea, Nymphalidae, Denis & Schiffermüller, Melitaea phoebe, neotype designation, Melitaea telona. Source

Russell P.,Oakmeadow | Pamperis L.N.,P.O. Box 1220
Entomologist's Gazette | Year: 2011

Resulting from the recent separation of Melitaea telona from M. phoebe, an assessment of the presence or absence of these two species in the Aegean islands is presented, based on a re-examination of previous records and personal observations by the authors. Some elements of morphology, which could provide characters to assist in the separation of the two species, are reviewed. Carduus nutans, a previously unrecorded host-plant for M. telona is identified and figured. The recorded distributions in the Aegean islands of this and other known host-plants of M. telona in Greece are used as indicators of its presence in or absence from various Aegean islands. A Cotesia sp., which emerged from a wild caught larva of M. telona taken on Lésvos, is reported. Source

This fourth part of an investigation into Melitaea telona Fruhstorfer has confirmed that larvae with both black and red tubercles can result from an egg batch oviposited from a single Greek female. The presence of this species, from an examination of reared larvae, has been confirmed from three sites in southern peninsular Italy. In captivity, Italian larvae were found to be highly oligophagous, even feeding on Centaurea diluta Aiton, an invasive species from North Africa, recorded here for the first time from the Calabrian littoral. A known host-plant, Centaurea bracteata (Scop.), and a number of potential host-plants growing in the vicinity of the Italian populations of M. telona, have been identified and are figured. The distribution of M. telona is revised, both from the results of the present study and reports from other entomologists. Melitaea telona from three sites in southern peninsular Italy are figured in colour. Source

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