PubMed | Nutrition Support Team and Enteral Access Team
Type: | Journal: Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition | Year: 2016
Enteral nutrition (EN) support has proven to be a nutrition intervention that can provide full or partial calories to promote growth and development in infants and children. To supply these nutrients, an enteral access device is required, and the use of these devices is growing. Placement of the proper device for the patient need, along with appropriate care and monitoring, is required for individualized patient management. When complications arise, early identification and management can prevent more serious morbidity. Complication management requires a tiered approach starting with staff nurses and ending with a physician expert. In addition to this, each institution needs to have an approach that is coordinated among disciplines and departments to promote consistency of practice. The formation of an enteral access team is a conduit for clinical experts to provide education to families, patients, and healthcare professionals while serving as a platform to address product and practice issues.
Okabayashi T.,Kochi Medical School |
Iyoki M.,Nutrition Support Team |
Sugimoto T.,Kochi Medical School |
Kobayashi M.,Kochi Medical School |
Hanazaki K.,Kochi Medical School
Amino Acids | Year: 2011
The long-term outcomes of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) administration in patients undergoing hepatic resection remain unclear. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of oral supplementation with BCAA-enriched nutrients on postoperative quality of life (QOL) in patients undergoing liver resection. A prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted in 96 patients undergoing hepatic resection. Patients were randomly assigned to receive BCAA supplementation (AEN group, n = 48) or a conventional diet (control group, n = 48). Postoperative QOL and short-term outcomes were regularly and continuously evaluated in all patients using a short-form 36 (SF-36) health questionnaire and by measuring various clinical parameters. This study demonstrated a significant improvement in QOL after hepatectomy for liver neoplasm in the AEN group based on the same patients' preoperative SF-36 scores (P < 0.05). Perioperative BCAA supplementation preserved liver function and general patient health in the short term for AEN group patients compared to those not receiving the nutritional supplement. BCAA supplementation improved postoperative QOL after hepatic resection over the long term by restoring and maintaining nutritional status and whole-body kinetics. This study was registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (registration number: NCT00945568). © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Vafa H.,Nutrition Support Team |
Ballarin A.,Nutrition Support Team |
Arvanitakis M.,Nutrition Support Team |
Vereecken S.,Nutrition Support Team |
And 4 more authors.
Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica | Year: 2010
Background: Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) is a method commonly used in patients with Chronic Intestinal Failure (CII) related to benign or malignant diseases. We report the experience from a 20 year programme of HPN in a single academic centre. Methods: In this study, we have reviewed characteristics and outcome of a group of patients enrolled in a HPN program between 1987 and 2007. Focus was given to the prevalence and severity of cholestasis in these patients as well as on their oral food behaviour. Results: In 20 years, 125 patients were included in a HPN programme; 65 patients had benign diseases (BD) and 60 advanced cancer (AC). Short bowel was the most common indications in patients with BD. Almost 40% of patients with BD were weaned off HPN. Median survival was excellent in BD patients and extremely short in AC. Death related to HPN was very rare. Cholestasis has been observed in 84% of patients but it was mild to moderate in the majority of cases. Hyperphagia was observed in 50% of the patients with BD on long-term HPN. Conclusions: This study confirms that HPN is the first line therapy in CII due to BD. Patients with AC should be carefully selected. Cholestasis is frequent but mostly without clinical impact. Half of the patients with CII due to BD become hyperphagic allowing to reduction of parenteral intake. The role of a multi - disciplinary nutrition support team is essential for optimizing HPN. (Acta gastro enterol. belg., 2010, 73, 451-456).
Boeykens K.,Nutrition Support Team |
Steeman E.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Duysburgh I.,Nutrition Support Team
International Journal of Nursing Studies | Year: 2014
Background: Blind placement of a nasogastric feeding tube is a common nursing procedure. Confirmation of the correct position in the stomach is warranted to avoid serious complications such as misplacement in the lung. Testing pH of aspirate from a tube is one of the techniques to confirm the tip position. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the auscultatory method and pH measurement with a pH cut-off point of 5.5 after tube insertion and to compare this with the 'gold standard': an abdominal X-ray. Also the feasibility of the pH method was evaluated. Materials and methods: Large prospective observational study in a general hospital. In adult hospitalised patients, the positioning of 331 feeding tubes was tested using two different methods to predict tube position in the stomach. Results: In 98.9% (n= 178) of aspirate samples with a pH ≤ 5.5, the tube was located in the stomach. If an aspirate could be obtained, the results of pH measurements showed a sensitivity of 78.4% and a specificity of 85.7%. Obtaining aspirate initially after placement was possible in approximately half of cases but after taking additional measures (including administration of air into the tube, side-positioning of the patient and re-aspiration after one hour) this increased to 81.6%. The sensitivity of the auscultatory method was 79% while the specificity was 61%. Conclusions: A pH of ≤ 5.5 from tube aspirate is adequate to check the position of the tube in the stomach. Additional measures improve the success to obtain an aspirate from the tube. The auscultatory method is unreliable. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.