Ould Hamouda H.,University Paris - Sud |
Ould Hamouda H.,French National Center for Scientific Research |
Delplanque B.,University Paris - Sud |
Delplanque B.,French National Center for Scientific Research |
And 10 more authors.
Journal of Endocrinology | Year: 2015
Malnutrition in the elderly is accompanied by several metabolic dysfunctions, especially alterations in energy homeostasis regulation and a loss of insulin responsiveness. Nutritional recommendations aim to enrich food with high protein and energy supplements, and protein composition and lipid quality have been widely studied. Despite the numerous studies that have examined attempts to overcome malnutrition in the elderly through such nutritional supplementation, it is still necessary to study the effects of a combination of protein, lipids, and vitamin D (VitD). This can be done in animal models of elderly malnutrition. In the present study, we investigated the effects of several diet formulae on insulin responsiveness, inflammation, and the hypothalamic expression of key genes that are involved in energy homeostasis control. To mimic elderly malnutrition in humans, elderly Wistar rats were food restricted (R,K50%) for 12 weeks and then refed for 4 weeks with one of four different isocaloric diets: a control diet; a diet where milk soluble protein (MSP) replaced casein; a blend of milk fat, rapeseed, and DHA (MRD); or a full formula (FF) diet that combined MSP and a blend of MRD (FF). All of the refeeding diets contained VitD.We concludedthat: i) foodrestrictionledto theupregulationof insulinreceptor in liver andadipose tissue accompanied by increased Tnfα in the hypothalamus; ii) in all of the refed groups, refeeding led to similar body weight gain during the refeeding period; and iii) refeeding with MSP and MRD diets induced higher food intake on the fourth week of refeeding, and this increase was associated with reduced hypothalamic interleukin 6 expression. © 2015 Society for Endocrinology.