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Jakarta, Indonesia

Ruslialdi M.A.,Nutrifood Research Center | Nurrachmayanti A.,Nutrifood Research Center | Susanto F.,Nutrifood Research Center | Sie S.,Nutrifood Research Center
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015

Diabetes is acknowledged as one of the leading causes of death, including Indonesia which ranks 5th for the highest number of diabetic cases in the world (9.1 million cases). This situation might be worsened due to the high number of undiagnosed cases and the increase level of blood glucose serum (hyperglycemia status), specifically in Jakarta which is the capital city of Indonesia and the most populated city within the country. The aim of present study was to assess the prevalence and random blood glucose serum level distribution within three different communities based settings in Jakarta, which are office, healthcare facilities and residential based setting community. The main sample consisted of 1442 subjects who were participated in a cross-sectionally study design. The results showed that prevalence of subjects having random blood glucose serum above 200 mg/dL was 8.9%. The highest prevalence of community having random blood glucose above 200 mg/L was observed in primary health care (13%), followed by residential community (12.9%) and office community (12.5% for media, 1.7% for government; 1.7% for manufacturing and 0.7% for service). While random hyperglycemia status was more prevalent in male population (10.3 vs 8.3%) and oldest age group (0% for <17 year group; 0.8% for 18-27 year group; 3.3% for 28-37 year group; 7.6% for 38-47 year group; 10.6% for 48-57 age group and 12.9% for >58 year group). The creation of integrated intervention strategy to reduce the increasing number of hyperglycemia status should be encouraged. Furthermore, the initiatives created should be the responsibility of all related stakeholders in order to contribute to healthier in Jakarta. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2015. Source

Angela A.,Nutrifood Research Center | Antono L.,Nutrifood Research Center | Kurniati A.,Nutrifood Research Center | Pertiwi K.,Nutrifood Research Center | Wu M.,Nutrifood Research Center
Kasetsart Journal - Natural Science | Year: 2015

The satiating effect of dietary protein could be beneficial to fight obesity by improving weight loss. Whey and casein protein have different digestion rates and combining them may result in a prolonged satiating effect. This study investigated the effect of the whey/casein ratio on subjective appetite ratings and acute energy intake. Twelve healthy men with normal weight received a standardized breakfast followed by one of the three preloads (milk beverage containing 15 g protein with whey to casein protein ratios of20:80, 50:50, or 80:20) in a randomized, single-blind, cross-over study. Subjective appetite ratings were measured using a visual analog scale while consecutive energy intake was measured through ad libitum lunch and dietary recalls of food and drinks consumed during the remainder of the experimental day. The results showed that there was no significant effect of the whey to casein protein ratio in milk beverages on the appetite ratings and subsequent energy intake. A high protein content, as opposed to the type of protein, may be of greater importance in determining the satiating properties of protein and should be taken into account when developing weight loss products. Further investigation is needed to study the effect of the ratio on metabolic satiety properties and the shelf life of the product. © 2015, Kasetsart University. All rights reserved. Source

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