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Siqueira D.G.B.,Nutricionista | de Souza R.K.T.,State University Londrina | Mesas A.E.,State University Londrina | dos Santos H.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Bortoletto M.S.S.,State University Londrina
Revista de Nutricao | Year: 2015

Objective To investigate gender differences in the prevalence of excess abdominal weight and its determinants in adults aged 40 years and over. Methods Cross-sectional population-based study conducted in the city of Cambé, Paraná, Brazil, with 161 individuals 40 years or older living in all urban sectors. Abdominal obesity was defined as a waist circumference ≥88 cm in women and ≥102 cm in men. The analysis of associated factors was performed for each gender using the hierarchical Poisson regression based on a conceptual theoretical model, with the selection of distal, intermediate, and proximal variables. Results The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 49.7%, which increased with age in both genders. Women had more than double the prevalence compared to men (PR=2.29; 95%CI=1.98-2.65). After adjustment, the following variables remained associated with abdominal obesity in both genders: physical inactivity, age, and hypertension. Socioeconomic status, smoking, and diabetes were associated with abdominal obesity only in women. Conclusion The high prevalence of abdominal obesity, especially among women, and the presence of some factors found to be distinctly associated in each gender show the need for different measures to address this issue. Source

Magalhaes T.C.A.,Nutricionista | Vieira S.A.,Federal University of Vicosa | Priore S.E.,Federal University of Vicosa | Ribeiro A.Q.,Federal University of Vicosa | And 2 more authors.
Revista de Nutricao | Year: 2015

Objective: To evaluate the lipid profile and associated factors with dyslipidemia in children. Methods: A cross-sectional study that evaluated children 4-7 years old, followed the first months of life in a Program of the Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Minas Gerais. Performed biochemical measurements were total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein and triglycerides. The variables possibly associated with lipid profile were maternal variables, sociodemographic and those associated with the child. Bivariate and multivariate analyses have been done, the latter by multiple logistic regressions. Results: The sample consisted of 185 children, both genders. It was observed that 46.5% (n=86) showed increased levels of total cholesterol, 9.2% (n=17) of low density lipoprotein and 4.9% (n=9) in triglycerides. With relation to the high density lipoprotein, 35.1% (n=65) had values less than desirable. Demonstrated an independent association with the lipid profile of children the per capita income, maternal education and maternal age (with low density lipoprotein) and overweight, which was associated with a higher prevalence of changes in triglycerides. Conclusion: High prevalence of dyslipidemia were observed. Sociodemographic conditions and nutritional status demonstrated influence, also in children, the occurrence of dyslipidemia, which are cited as risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Reveals the importance of studying these factors since childhood, performing studies with other age groups to check the prevalence and associated factors to promote the health care of this population group. Source

Soares I.C.C.,Nutricionista | da Silva E.R.,Secretaria de Estado da Saude de Minas Gerais | Priore S.E.,Secretaria de Estado da Saude de Minas Gerais | Ribeiro R.C.L.,Secretaria de Estado da Saude de Minas Gerais | And 2 more authors.
Revista de Nutricao | Year: 2011

Objective The purpose of this study was to quantify and assess the cost of food wastage in eight cafeterias of a big steel mill. Methods Eight cafeterias were followed during five months. Quantification of food wastage was done considering the leftovers and the number of meals planned and served daily. For determining the cost, preparations were divided into groups, and the cost was obtained from the average price of foodstuffs purchased during the month. Results Fifty percent of the cafeterias did not achieve wastage less or equal to 30g (the per capita food wastage goal set by the company). The total per capita food wastage ranged from 24g to 60g, equivalent to 176-1213kg of food wasted monthly. Salads were wasted more often in most foodservices. The monthly cost of food wastage reached 2.2% to 3.0% of the amount spent monthly on food. It represented a high expense for the foodservice (approximately 80-108 minimum wages). The results allowed the proposal of intervention measures such as planning and development of appropriate preparations, identification of customers, and nutrition education actions. Conclusion The cafeterias presented considerable food wastage, hence money loss. Implementation of interventions can minimize these losses. Savings from reducing wasteful spending could be used for improving production processes. Source

Objective This study analyzed the internal functioning, organization and political participation of the local food and nutrition security council and possible implications of their participation on the creation of a municipal food and nutrition security policy in the city of São Paulo. Methods This qualitative study was done in three stages: document analysis; observation of meetings and semi-structured interviews with board members considered key informants. The axis of analysis was the political participation of the council, considering its internal aspects, like board members, operating dynamics of political participation of its members and the relationship between these topics and the council's actions for the definition and creation of a food and nutrition security policy. Results The intellectual profile of the board members does not represent the majority of the population, thereby facilitating the omission of actual issues in council discussions. Its strict internal dynamics and the asymmetry of its members generally prevent the active participation of board members and, specifically, discussions about a food and nutrition security policy. The so-called "militant members" have a differentiated, more aggressive participation, with greater mastery of the subject and its topics. Conclusion The board member profiles, internal organization of the council, complexity of the subject and its low insertion in the society distance the council from social needs and lead them to act incipiently with regard to the municipal policies of food and nutrition security. Source

Peixinho A.,Nutricionista | Balaban D.,Fundo Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Educacao | Rimkus L.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Schwartzman F.,Consultora da FAO | Galante A.P.,University of Sao Paulo
Mundo da Saude | Year: 2011

This paper aims to describe two of the broader world school lunch programs, the Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar [National School Lunch Program], from Brazil, and the National School Lunch Program, from the United States. This review discusses some of their differences and similarities regarding history, people included, the kind of management system, and the most important advances in the last 10 years. Began almost at the same time (the 40's and 50's), the programs were created with similar goals but distinct guidelines and management systems. The historical report of the programs shows the necessity these programs had of changing their characteristics according to the political, economic and social environment. Source

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