Shagirbayev A.D.,Nur University |
Tursynovich K.S.,Nur University |
Shaikimovich A.A.,Nur University |
Satershinov B.M.,Institute of Philosophy
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2015
In order to reveal religious views of Mashkur Zhusup Kopeev we should revise his religious education and religious works and issues he considered, taking account historical time when he lived. It is necessary to identify significance, potential and necessity of Mashkur Zhusup‟s views, comparing novel religious movements from his time and religious situation in current time. It is important to use heritage of such prominent personality who had features of sanctity and the people revered him as a saint. In this article the necessity and significance of the analysis of Mashkur Zhusup Kopeev‟s world views have been revealed. © 2015, Ecozone, OAIMDD. All right reserved.
Gasingirwa M.-C.,University of Namur |
Gasingirwa M.-C.,Nur University |
Thirion J.,University of Namur |
Mertens-Strijthagen J.,University of Namur |
And 4 more authors.
Biochemical Journal | Year: 2010
It has been suggested that intracellular Hyal-1 (hyaluronidase-1), which is considered a lysosomal enzyme, originates via endocytosis of the serum enzyme. To test this proposal we have investigated the uptake and intracellular distribution of rhHyal-1 (recombinant human Hyal-1) by mouse liver, making use of centrifugation methods. Experiments were performed on wild-type mice injected with 125I-labelled rhHyal-1 and on Hyal-1-/- mice injected with the unlabelled enzyme, which were killed at various times after injection. Activity of the unlabelled enzyme was determined by zymography. Intracellular distribution of Hyal-1 was investigated by differential and isopycnic centrifugation. The results of the study indicated that rhHyal-1 is endocytosed by the liver, mainly by sinusoidal cells, and follows the intracellular pathway described for many endocytosed proteins that are eventually located in lysosomes. However, Hyal-1 endocytosis has some particular features. First, endocytosed rhHyal-1 is quickly degraded. Secondly, its distribution, as analysed by differential centrifugation, differs from the distribution of β-galactosidase, taken as the reference lysosomal enzyme. Further analysis by isopycnic centrifugation in a sucrose gradient shows endocytosed rhHyal-1 behaves like β-galactosidase shortly after injection. However the Hyal-1 distribution is markedly less affected than β-galactosidase, following a prior injection of Triton WR-1339, which is a specific density perturbant of lysosomes. The behaviour in centrifugation of endogenous liver Hyal-1, identified by hyaluronan zymography, exhibits some similarity with the behaviour of the endocytosed enzyme, suggesting that it could originate from endocytosis of the serum enzyme. Overall, these results can be explained by supposing that active endocytosed Hyal-1 is mainly present in early lysosomes. Although its degradation half-time is short, Hyal-1 could exert its activity due to a constant supply of active molecules from the blood. © The Authors.
Kahia J.,Cocody Mermoz 08 |
Sallah P.K.,Nur University |
Diby L.,Cocody Mermoz 08 |
Kouame C.,Cocody Mermoz 08 |
And 3 more authors.
HortScience | Year: 2015
Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) is commonly known as Tamarillo or tree tomato. This species is mainly used for its edible fruits which have a high nutritional value and contain relatively high amounts of proteins, vitamins B6, C, E, and provitamin A. The cultivation of Tamarillo in Rwanda is facing major challenges caused mainly by viral diseases such as Tamarillo mosaic virus (TaMV). These diseases are difficult to control and are transferred through vegetative propagation, often resulting in heavy productivity losses and poor-quality fruits. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the possibility of using tissue culture as an alternative propagation method. Tamarillo seeds were sterilized using a commercial bleach and germinated in vitro to get clean starting explants. Explants (hypocotyls, leaves, and roots) were cultured on semisolid Murashige and Skoog (MS) media supplemented with 6-benzylaminopurine (BA), N6-2-isopentyl adenine (2iP), 6-furfurylaminopurine (kinetin) evaluated at 5, 10, 20, 40 mM, and thidiazuron (TDZ), evaluated at 0.1, 0.5. 1.0 1.5 mM in separate experiments. Data were collected on the number of microshoots and roots 2 months after culture and analyzed using the Statistical Software for Social Sciences (SPSS) Software version 8. The results showed that the growth regulators evaluated had a significant (P £ 0.05) effect on plantlet regeneration from leaf and hypocotyl explants. The media supplemented with BA 40 mM was the most effective in inducing multiple shoots from leaf explants producing 4.67 ± 0.15 shoots per explant. Root explants showed the least morphogenic responses for all the parameters evaluated. The regenerated plantlets were transplanted to the greenhouse and a survival rate of 90% was recorded. During this study, a simple, reproducible, single-step protocol was developed. These results would be useful for mass propagation of Tamarillo. © 2015 American Society for Horticultural Science. All rights reserved.
Gharahi Ghehi N.,Ghent University |
Werner C.,Biodiversity and Climate Research Center F |
Cizungu Ntaboba L.,Ghent University |
Mbonigaba Muhinda J.J.,Nur University |
And 4 more authors.
Biogeosciences | Year: 2012
Globally, tropical forest soils represent the second largest source of N 2O and NO. However, there is still considerable uncertainty on the spatial variability and soil properties controlling N trace gas emission. Therefore, we carried out an incubation experiment with soils from 31 locations in the Nyungwe tropical mountain forest in southwestern Rwanda. All soils were incubated at three different moisture levels (50, 70 and 90 % water filled pore space (WFPS)) at 17 °C. Nitrous oxide emission varied between 4.5 and 400 μg N m -2 hg -1, while NO emission varied from 6.6 to 265μg N mg -2 h -1. Mean N2O emission at different moisture levels was 46.5 ± 11.1 (50 %WFPS), 71.7±11.5 (70 %WFPS) and 98.8±16.4 (90 %WFPS) μg N mg -2 h -1, while mean NO emission was 69.3±9.3 (50 %WFPS), 47.1±5.8 (70 %WFPS) and 36.1±4.2 (90 %WFPS) μg N m -2 h -1. The latter suggests that climate (i.e. dry vs. wet season) controls N 2O and NO emissions. Positive correlations with soil carbon and nitrogen indicate a biological control over N 2O and NO production. But interestingly N 2O and NO emissions also showed a positive correlation with free iron and a negative correlation with soil pH (only N 2O). The latter suggest that chemo-denitrification might, at least for N 2O, be an important production pathway. In conclusion improved understanding and process based modeling of N trace gas emission from tropical forests will benefit from spatially explicit trace gas emission estimates linked to basic soil property data and differentiating between biological and chemical pathways for N trace gas formation. © 2012 Author(s). CC Attribution 3.0 License.
Hatamian M.,Islamic Azad University at Dezful |
Bardmily M.A.,Islamic Azad University |
Asadboland M.,Islamic Azad University at Dezful |
Hatamian M.,Nur University |
Barati H.,Islamic Azad University at Dezful
Radioengineering | Year: 2016
In this paper, congestion-aware routing and fuzzybased rate controller for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is proposed. The proposed method tries to make a distinction between locally generated data and transit data by using a priority-based mechanism which provides a novel queueing model. Furthermore, a novel congestion-aware routing using greedy approach is proposed. The proposed congestionaware routing tries to find more affordable routes. Moreover, a fuzzy rate controller is utilized for rate controlling which uses two criteria as its inputs, including congestion score and buffer occupancy. These two parameters are based on total packet input rate, packet forwarding rate at MAC layer, number of packets in the queue buffer, and total buffer size at each node. As soon as the congestion is detected, the notification signal is sent to the offspring nodes. As a result, they are able to adjust their data transmission rate. Simulation results clearly show that the implementation of the proposed method using a greedy approach and fuzzy logic has done significant reduction in terms of packet loss rate, end-to-end delay and average energy consumption.
Westinga E.,University of Twente |
Mukashema A.,Nur University |
Van Gils H.,University of Twente
Forestry | Year: 2013
Comparisons of national forest inventories have been undertaken at coarse resolutions in Europe, but not at fine resolutions and not in Africa. This study compares the consecutive (1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), census-based Food and Agriculture Organisation Forest Resources Assessments (FRAs) of Rwanda with contemporary fine-resolution, image-based inventories. Natural forest and forest plantation were extracted from 1985 to 1989 topographic maps, Africover 2002 and Centre of Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing (CGIS) 2007. The natural forest area estimates over the years obtained by image-based inventories are fairly constant from the earliest inventory (topo-1988; 140 000 ha), through Africover (135 500 ha) to CGIS (125 300 ha). FRA 2000 (46 000 ha), 2005 (61 000 ha) and 2010 (62 000 ha) estimates are lower, whereas FRA 1990 (164 000 ha) reported the largest extent of natural forest. The extent of forest plantations is at its lowest level in Africover (68 600 ha). However, CGIS (114 000 ha) detected a larger area of forest plantation, more similar to the levels reported in the FRA 1990 (125 000 ha) and topo-1988 (125 200 ha). The three recent FRAs (2000: 261 000 ha; 2005: 419 000 ha; 2010: 373 000 ha) report larger plantation extents. For the image-based inventories, we could estimate the uncertainty in each step of the inventory, while for the census-based cases, the required transparency is lacking. Uncertainty may be caused by definition of forest, forest versus forestland, image classification errors, image resolution, forest fragmentation or time-lags between imagery and reporting. In our pairwise comparison of the census and contemporary image-based inventories, all uncertainties are added. The FRA 2000 (307 000 ha) reports a larger total forest area than Africover (204 100 ha). The uncertainties of Africover add up to maximally 64 100 ha, which may explain part of the difference. The uncertainties in the CGIS inventory add up to nearly 15 000 ha and cannot explain the difference between FRA 2005 (480 000 ha) and GCGIS 2007 (239 300 ha).We conclude that FRAs starting in 2000 over-report the forest plantation area and under-estimate the extent of natural forest. Finally, we suggest technical and organizational improvements for national forest inventories. © Institute of Chartered Foresters, 2013. All rights reserved.
Ahmad A.H.,Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital |
Saeed M.A.,Nur University
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association | Year: 2016
Idiopathic Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare clinical condition recently identified as an autoimmune process related to Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) deposition. Herein we report a case of a 46 year old male presenting with 4 months history of backache, fever, flank pain and leg swelling for 2 weeks. Investigations revealed acute kidney injury diagnosed as a result of bilateral ureteric obstruction. This was later confirmed to be retroperitoneal fibrosis on CT scan and biopsy. Histopathology was consistent with IgG4 related disease. Treatment with immunosuppressive agents showed reduction in the fibrosis and normalization of the kidney functions. We discuss the IgG4 related retroperitoneal fibrosis in detail along with its varied presentations. © 2016, Pakistan Medical Association. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Nur University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association | Year: 2016
Idiopathic Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare clinical condition recently identified as an autoimmune process related to Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) deposition. Herein we report a case of a 46 year old male presenting with 4 months history of backache, fever, flank pain and leg swelling for 2 weeks. Investigations revealed acute kidney injury diagnosed as a result of bilateral ureteric obstruction. This was later confirmed to be retroperitoneal fibrosis on CT scan and biopsy. Histopathology was consistent with IgG4 related disease. Treatment with immunosuppressive agents showed reduction in the fibrosis and normalization of the kidney functions. We discuss the IgG4 related retroperitoneal fibrosis in detail along with its varied presentations.
PubMed | Nur University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal for nurses in professional development | Year: 2015
After implementation of electronic modified early warning score to engage the rapid response team as a clinical decision support tool, we assessed the knowledge level about and usage of the tool by core staff. We identified a knowledge deficit, planned and implemented an educational intervention, and measured the outcome of the intervention. The outcome measurement indicated improved use of the clinical decision support tool by core staff and improved patient rescue strategies.
PubMed | University Putra Malaysia and Nur University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2016
This study aims to investigate the effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-) G308A gene polymorphism on essential hypertension (EHT) with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The project was conducted on buccal epithelial and blood cells for case and control patients, respectively. Epithelial cells were obtained from the inner part of the cheeks. Techniques including DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) were utilized to assess biomarkers of DNA damage. Our results demonstrated significant differences between wild and mutated genotypes among EHT patients without T2DM. We also found a significant association between wild and mutated allele frequencies in EHT patients (P < 0.05). Clinical characteristics between the groups (EHT with or without T2DM and controls) showed statistically significant association (P < 0.05). Overall, we show that G308A polymorphism of the TNF-gene may be a significant genetic risk factor for EHT without T2DM patients in Malaysia.