Homer, AK, United States
Homer, AK, United States

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Pulsifer P.L.,University of Colorado at Boulder | Yarmey L.,University of Colorado at Boulder | Godoy O.,Norwegian Meteorological Institute | Friddell J.,University of Waterloo | And 10 more authors.
Data Science Journal | Year: 2014

Data management is integral to sound polar science. Through analysis of documents reporting on meetings of the Arctic data management community, a set of priorities and strategies are identified. These include the need to improve data sharing, make use of existing resources, and better engage stakeholders. Network theory is applied to a preliminary inventory of polar and global data management actors to improve understanding of the emerging community of practice. Under the name the Arctic Data Coordination Network, we propose a model network that can support the community in achieving their goals through improving connectivity between existing actors.

Walker Johnson G.,University of Texas at El Paso | Gaylord A.G.,Nuna Technologies | Franco J.C.,University of Texas at El Paso | Cody R.P.,University of Texas at El Paso | And 6 more authors.
Computers and Geosciences | Year: 2011

Ensuring interoperability between WebGIS applications is essential for maximizing access to data, data sharing, and data manipulation. Interoperability is maximized through the adoption of best practices, use of open standards, and utilization of spatial data infrastructure (SDI). While many of the interoperability challenges like infrastructure, data exchange, and file formats are common between applications, some regions like the Arctic present specific challenges including the need for presenting data in one or more polar projections. This paper describes the Arctic Research Mapping Application (ARMAP) suite of online interactive maps, web services, and virtual globes (the ARMAP suite; http://armap.org/) and several of the interoperability challenges and solutions encountered in development to date. ARMAP is a unique science and logistic tool supporting United States and international Arctic science by providing users with the ability to access, query, and browse information and data. Access to data services include a text-based search utility, an Internet Map Server client (ArcIMS), a lightweight Flex client, ArcGIS Explorer and Google Earth virtual globes, and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) compliant web services, such as Web Map Service (WMS) and Web Feature Service (WFS). Through the ARMAP suite, users can view a variety of Arctic map layers and explore pertinent information about United States Arctic research efforts. The Arctic Research Logistics Support Service (ARLSS) database is the informational underpinning of ARMAP. Avoiding duplication of effort has been a key priority in the development of the ARMAP applications. The ARMAP suite incorporates best practices that facilitate interoperability such as Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) metadata standards, web services for embedding external data and serving framework layers, and open standards such as Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) compliant web services. Many of the features and capabilities of ARMAP are expected to greatly enhance the development of an Arctic SDI. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Mahoney A.R.,University of Alaska Fairbanks | Eicken H.,University of Alaska Fairbanks | Gaylord A.G.,Nuna Technologies | Gens R.,University of Alaska Fairbanks
Cold Regions Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Through analysis of over 2500 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) scenes spanning the period 1996-2008, we have compiled the most comprehensive dataset to date on landfast sea ice extent and its annual cycle in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. Our results show that landfast ice in the central and western Beaufort Sea forms earlier, breaks up later, occupies deeper water and extends further from shore than that in the Chukchi Sea. The differences in the timing of the annual landfast ice cycle are largely due to regional contrasts in the southward advance of pack ice in early winter and the onset of spring thaw. On the other hand, we suggest that the differences in landfast ice extent between the two seas are related to the number and distribution of recurring grounded ice features. These grounded features appear as "nodes" where the seaward landfast ice edge (SLIE) persistently recurs in multiple years. In the Beaufort Sea there are several such nodes that occur in water depths around 20. m, giving rise to the similarity between the average SLIE location and the 20. m isobath. We attribute the narrower landfast ice in the Chukchi Sea and lack of a consistent relationship with bathymetry to the sparsity of nodes in the Chukchi Sea. In comparing our results with data from the period 1973-76, we find that landfast ice extent in the Beaufort Sea has not changed significantly in the last four decades. However, in the Chukchi Sea our results show the landfast ice width has decreased by a coast-wide average of 13. km over this period. We again attribute this difference between the two seas to the distribution of recurring grounded ice features. Over the 12 annual cycles in the study period, we identify trends indicating that landfast ice is forming later and disappearing earlier by approximately one week per decade. Although these trends are not statistically significant, they are in agreement with an overall shortening of the landfast ice season by as much as two months over the past three decades, revealed by a comparison with earlier findings for the period 1973-77. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

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