Ankara, Turkey
Ankara, Turkey

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Aydin S.,Guven Hospital | Isik A.T.,Bezmialem Foundation University | Unal B.,Inonu University | Comert B.,Dokuz Eylül University | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Medical Research | Year: 2012

Background & objectives: Translocation of bacteria from the gut is an important factor in the development of septic complications and mortality in acute pancreatitis (AP). The present study was designed to assess the effects of infliximab treatment on bacterial translocation (BT) in experimental acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=45) were allocated into three groups. AP was induced in group II (positive control, n=15) and group III (Infliximab; n=15) by retrograde injection of taurocholate into the common biliopancreatic duct. Group I rats (Sham; n=15) received normal saline infusion into the common biliopancreatic duct as placebo. Groups I and II were treated by normal saline and group III was treated with infliximab intraperitoneally on 6, 30 and 54 h after induction of pancreatitis. All surviving animals were killed 60 h after the induction of pancreatitis, and specimens were collected for amylase measurement as well as histopathologic and microbiologic examinations. Results: Oedema, acinar cell necrosis, inflammatory infiltration, haemorrhage, fat necrosis and perivascular inflammation in group III rats were decreased with infliximab treatment when compared with group II (P<0.001). BT to mesentery lymph node in groups I, II and III were 20, 100 and 46 per cent, respectively. BT to peritoneum and pancreas in group III was lower than group II (P<0.05). Interpretation & conclusions: Infliximab administration resulted in beneficial effects on BT and histopathologic changes in the experimental necrotizing pancreatitis. Whether anti-TNF therapy has a role in prevention of complications of ANP needs to be established.


Erdem H.,Gulhane Medical Academy | Kilic S.,Gulhane Medical Academy | Coskun O.,Gulhane Medical Academy | Ersoy Y.,Inonu University | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2010

This investigation aimed both to delineate the current status of community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis and to produce data on the interrelationships between clinical, laboratory and therapeutic parameters in the elderly. This retrospective cohort study was conducted in 28 Turkish institutions in 159 culture-positive patients over the age of 50 years. Streptococcus pneumoniae was the most common pathogen (69.2%), followed by Listeria monocytogenes (8.8%). For this reason, antilisterial antibiotics such as ampicillin or benzylpenicillin should be added to the therapeutic regimen. Pathogen-specific mortality did not vary between S. pneumoniae and L. monocytogenes. The overall mortality was 2.5% at the third day, 12.6% at the seventh day, 20.1% at the 14th day and 21.4% at the 21st day. The risk factors for fatality were increasing age, the presence of stupor, sepsis and inappropriate antibiotic administration. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leukocyte counts and CSF/blood glucose ratios were lower in patients who died. Fever did not differ between survivors and fatal cases. The mean duration of antibiotic therapy in survivors was 16.3 ± 6.4 days. One-fifth of the patients had complications, and in 5.7% of the patients sequelae persisted at follow-up. © 2009 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2009 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.


Ibrahim Varan H.,Numune Training Hospital | Dursun B.,Pamukkale University | Dursun E.,Akdeniz University | Ozben T.,Akdeniz University | Suleymanlar G.,Akdeniz University
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease | Year: 2010

Uremic state and hemobioincompatibility are implicated in subclinical inflammation and oxidative stress and progression of atherosclerosis in the hemodialysis (HD) population. To what extent different dialysis membranes contribute to oxidative stress induced by a dialysis procedure per se is still a subject of debate. Fifteen HD patients and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Patients received two index HD sessions with a cuprophane and polysulfone membrane two weeks apart. Blood samples were collected at baseline and then before and after HD sessions. We determined serum thiobarbituric acid, protein carbonyl, and serum nitrite/nitrate levels as markers of oxidative damage. We also measured erythrocyte glutathione level, catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activity, and serum vitamin C and E levels as antioxidant markers. At baseline, HD patients, in comparison with normal controls, had a trend towards increased oxidant state and depletion of antioxidants. Cuprophane dialysis induced a higher increase in production of oxidants, along with a lower compensatory increase of antioxidants when compared with polysulfone dialysis. In conclusion, a single HD session, even when conducted with a biocompatible membrane, appears to play an important role in the imbalance between ROS production and antioxidant defense, but to a milder extent than cuprophane dialysis. © 2010 Varan et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd.


Livaoglu M.,Karadeniz Technical University | Kerimoglu S.,Karadeniz Technical University | Sonmez B.,Karadeniz Technical University | Livaoglu A.,Numune Training Hospital | Karacal N.,Karadeniz Technical University
Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: One of the main fields of research in flap surgery is to increase the viability of flaps. Many materials have been tested for this purpose. This study shows that topical application of Hirudoid, an organoheparinoid, increases flap survival of dorsal flaps in rats. Methods: Hirudoid was used topically every day in eight of 16 rats in which 10 × 3-cm dorsal flaps were prepared. The flaps were taken for analysis on the 10th day. Analysis of the flaps was performed using digital measurement and scintigraphy. Results: Analysis revealed that the flap necrosis area was smaller in the Hirudoid group compared to the control group. In addition, the area exhibiting radioactive uptake in scintigraphy was greater in the treatment group. Conclusion: Topical administration of Hirudoid may significantly improve flap survival. © 2009 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons.


Livaoglu M.,Karadeniz Technical University | Buruk C.K.,Karadeniz Technical University | Uraloglu M.,Karadeniz Technical University | Ersoz S.,Karadeniz Technical University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2012

Although fat grafting is frequently used in plastic surgery practice, debate about the viability of the graft still persists owing to its questionable long-term success. The ultimate aim is to obtain long-term graft viability. Vascularization of the graft is essential for this purpose. The effects of 2 different local anesthetic preparations frequently used during harvesting of fat grafts on long-term graft survival were compared with angiogenesis and volumetric measurements. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups. The inguinal region was selected as the fat graft donor site. The first group was injected with isotonic saline, the second was injected with lidocaine plus epinephrine, and the third was injected with prilocaine. Fat grafts were implanted into the dorsal regions of rats, and volumetric measurements were performed initially and on days 30 and 180 at which microvascular angiogenesis were also analyzed. Microvascular angiogenesis was assessed both with the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry through determination of vessels stained with factor VIII. No significant difference was obtained between the 3 groups in graft volume or microvascular angiogenesis at any stage of the study. Results from this experimental study indicate that there is no negative effect of lidocaine plus epinephrine or prilocaine on microangiogenesis and the survival of fat grafts. Copyright © 2012 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.


Gurbuz F.,Cukurova University | Yagci-Kupeli B.,Numune Training Hospital | Kor Y.,Numune Training Hospital | Yuksel B.,Cukurova University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2014

Prolactinomas are common pituitary tumors that can cause gonadal dysfunction and infertility related to hyperprolactinemia. Dopamine agonists are the first-line treatment in these patients. Cabergoline leads to significant reduction in serum prolactin levels and tumor size in patients with prolactinoma. Dopamine agonists have been associated with adverse effects such as nausea, vomiting and psychosis. We report here a case with cabergolineinduced immune hemolytic anemia. The patient had cabergoline treatment history for prolactinoma and presented with weakness, fatigue, nausea, and paleness. Laboratory findings revealed severe anemia-related immune hemolysis. There were no causes identified to explain hemolytic anemia except cabergoline. Therefore, cabergoline therapy was stopped and subsequently hemolytic anemia resolved and did not occur again. This is the first reported pediatric case with prolactinoma and cabergoline-induced hemolytic anemia. Clinicians should be watchful for this rare side effect induced by cabergoline.


PubMed | Numune Training Hospital
Type: | Journal: International journal of nephrology and renovascular disease | Year: 2011

Uremic state and hemobioincompatibility are implicated in subclinical inflammation and oxidative stress and progression of atherosclerosis in the hemodialysis (HD) population. To what extent different dialysis membranes contribute to oxidative stress induced by a dialysis procedure per se is still a subject of debate. Fifteen HD patients and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Patients received two index HD sessions with a cuprophane and polysulfone membrane two weeks apart. Blood samples were collected at baseline and then before and after HD sessions. We determined serum thiobarbituric acid, protein carbonyl, and serum nitrite/nitrate levels as markers of oxidative damage. We also measured erythrocyte glutathione level, catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activity, and serum vitamin C and E levels as antioxidant markers. At baseline, HD patients, in comparison with normal controls, had a trend towards increased oxidant state and depletion of antioxidants. Cuprophane dialysis induced a higher increase in production of oxidants, along with a lower compensatory increase of antioxidants when compared with polysulfone dialysis. In conclusion, a single HD session, even when conducted with a biocompatible membrane, appears to play an important role in the imbalance between ROS production and antioxidant defense, but to a milder extent than cuprophane dialysis.

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