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Ozyol E.,Unye State Hospital | Ozyol P.,Unye State Hospital | Doganay Erdogan B.,Ankara University | Onen M.,Numune Training and Research Hospital
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

Background: This study evaluated anterior hyaloid damage (AHD), AHD-related Nd:YAG laser parameters, and retinal complications in subjects that underwent Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy for cataracts. Methods: In this prospective, cross-sectional study, 277 pseudophakic eyes of 216 patients treated with Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy for posterior capsule opacification were enrolled. Pulse number, pulse energy, and total energy were noted for each eye. All procedures were performed with a sense of anterior hyaloid protection. Anterior hyaloid faces were assessed during procedure and 1 day after the procedure. Eyes with biomicroscopically invisible anterior hyaloid face were excluded from statistical analysis. Eyes with and without AHD were compared according to Nd:YAG laser parameters. Retinal complications were evaluated at day 1, week 1, month 1, and month 3. Results: In 22 eyes (7.9 % of 277 eyes), the anterior hyaloid face couldn't be assessed biomicroscopically. Anterior hyaloid damage was observed in 49 eyes (19.2 % of 255 eyes). The pulse number, pulse energy, and total energy were observed to be higher in eyes with AHD (P <.001, P =.024, P <.001, respectively). Cystoid macular edema was detected in five eyes (three with AHD) at 1-week examination. Localized retinal detachment occurred in one eye with AHD. Occurrence of retinal complication in the AHD(+) group was 12.7 times higher than in the AHD(-) group, adjusted for total energy used (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The risk of AHD may increase with high pulse number, pulse energy, and total energy. Anterior hyaloid face integrity should be considered for YAG laser-related retinal complications. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Oktem A.,Numune Training and Research Hospital | Kocyigit P.,Ankara University
Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy | Year: 2016

Objective: Evaluation of the efficacy and side effects of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser and Nd:YAG laser–intense pulsed light (IPL) combination treatments in photorejuvenations of skin of the hand, and determining their impacts on patient satisfaction. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five female patients with signs of photoaging on the skin of their hands were included in the study. Three sessions of IPL and four sessions of Nd:YAG laser treatment were applied to the right hand in total with 2-week intervals between each session, whereas six sessions of Nd:YAG laser treatment were applied to the left hand of patients with 2-week intervals between each session. Results: The patients’ ages ranged between 31 and 78, and mean age was 60.77 ± 9.48. While there was no difference in pigment distribution, fine wrinkles, coarse wrinkles, and global scores between the right and left hand prior to treatment (p > 0.05), average pigment tone score was higher in the right hand with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). There was greater improvement in scores of pigment distribution, fine wrinkles, sallowness, pigment tone parameters, and global score on the right hand compared to left hand, which was statistically significant (p <0.001). Conclusion: In rejuvenation of photoaged dorsal skin of the hand, IPL–Nd:YAG laser combination treatment surpasses Nd:YAG laser treatment. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

BACKGROUND: Although many precautions have been introduced into early burn management, post burn contractures are still significant problems in burn patients. In this study, a form of Z-plasty in combination with relaxing incision was used for the correction of contractures. METHODS: Preoperatively, a Z-advancement rotation flap combined with a relaxing incision was drawn on the contracture line. Relaxing incision created a skin defect like a rhomboid. Afterwards, both limbs of the Z flap were incised. After preparation of the flaps, advancement and rotation were made in order to cover the rhomboid defect. Besides subcutaneous tissue, skin edges were closely approximated with sutures. RESULTS: This study included sixteen patients treated successfully with this flap. It was used without encountering any major complications such as infection, hematoma, flap loss, suture dehiscence or flap necrosis. All rotated and advanced flaps healed uneventfully. In all but one patient, effective contracture release was achieved by means of using one or two Z-plasty. In one patient suffering severe left upper extremity contracture, a little residual contracture remained due to inadequate release. CONCLUSION: When dealing with this type of Z-plasty for mild contractures, it offers a new option for the correction of post burn contractures, which is safe, simple and effective. © 2015 TJTES.

Coskun M.,Numune Training and Research Hospital | Zoroglu S.,Istanbul University | Ghaziuddin N.,University of Michigan
Archives of Suicide Research | Year: 2012

This study compares youth (<24 years) suicide rates in Turkey and the United States; a demographic and cross-cultural comparison and exploration of possible causative factors. Publicly available data were compared for children, adolescents, and young adults for years 1992-2004. The mean general population suicide rate in Turkey (per 100,000) was, male = 3.53 and female = 2.31 (for the US, males = 18.37, females = 4.31); for ages below 15 years the rate was, males = 0.28 and females = 0.39 (for the US, males = 1.09 and females = 0.38); while for aged 15-24 years the rate was, males = 4.58 and females = 5.22 (for the US, males = 18.84 and females = 3.36).The patterns for Turkey are: (a) Female youth had a higher suicide rate than male youth; this was the reverse of the U.S. pattern, (b) Youth suicide increased during the time period in Turkey, whereas it was relatively stable in the US, (c) However, suicide rates in Turkey were generally lower than the US, (d) Fifty percent of all female suicide victims in Turkey were under the age of 24 years (versus 11% in the US).Possible psychosocial causative factors may include (a) negative social status of females (forced marriage, young marriage age, low literacy, honor killings); (b) substantial rural to urban migration which disrupts ties and exposes migrants to a less traditional cultural system; (c) shortage of mental health services; (d) and possibly, reduced religious education enrollment may be an additional factor. © 2012 Copyright International Academy for Suicide Research.

Mujdeci B.,Numune Training and Research Hospital | Aksoy S.,Ankara University | Aksoy S.,Hacettepe University | Atas A.,Istanbul University
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2012

Falls present a substantial health problem among the elderly population. Approximately one-third of community-dwelling people over 65 years of age will experience one or more each year. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate balance between fallers and non-fallers elderly. Study Design: Clinical study. Methods: We studied 30 subjects older than 65 years of age. 15 subjects had a history of falls within a year (Group I) and 15 subjects had no history of falls (Group II). The scores of Computerized Dynamic Posturography (CDP); Sensory Organization Test (SOT), Limits of Stability (LOS), Rhytmic Weight Shift (RWS) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) findings gathered from the individuals from Group I and Group II, were compared. Results: The SOT 3, 6, composite, BBS scores and left-right on-axis velocity score of RWS test of the Group I were found to be significantly lower the Group II (p < 0.05). A positive correlation between the SOT 3, 5, composite and BBS scores of Group I and the SOT 4, 5, 6, composite and BBS scores of Group II is determined (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The CDP and BBS scores in fallers were found to be significiantly lower as compared to the non-fallers elderly.

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