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Ahn J.-S.,Nulchen Company | Jeong E.-J.,Changwon National University | Cha Y.-J.,Nulchen Company
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2014

Crab-like flavoring base (CFB) was made from a concentrated snow crab cooker effluent (SCCE) containing five food additives (proline, glycine, arginine, methionine, fructose) using reaction flavor technology (RFT). The volatile flavor compounds in CFB were compared between raw (SCCE) and control (without food additives) samples using solid phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography with mass selective detector. A total of 74 compounds were detected in all samples (30 raw samples, 34 control samples, 55 CFB samples). A total of 22 nitrogen- containing compounds, including 19 pyrazines and 3 pyridines, were formed through RFT and increased 27 times compared to the control. Dimethyl trisulfide and dimethyl disulfide were predominant sulfur-containing compounds that increased through RFT, while aromatic compounds decreased through RFT. Seven compounds, tetramethylpyrazine, 2-ethyl-3,5,6-trimethylpyrazine, 2,3,5-trimethyl-6-(3-methylbutyl)pyrazine, 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine, 2,5-dimethyl-3- (3-methylbutyl)pyrazine, 2-ethyl-3,6-dimethylpyrazine, and 2-decanone potentially have a role in CFB odor by Pearson's correlation analysis.

Ahn J.-S.,Nulchen Company | Jeong E.-J.,Changwon National University | Cho W.-J.,Center for Food and Drug Analysis | Cha Y.-J.,Changwon National University
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2014

To develop a crab-like flavorant from snow crab cooker effluent (SCCE, 20°Brix), optimal reaction conditions were determined using response surface methodology (RSM) combined with reaction flavoring technology (RFT). Using five variables (proline, glycine, arginine, methionine, fructose), RSM based on a five-level central composite design was applied to evaluate sensory acceptance (odor, taste, and overall acceptance) as dependent variables. A model equation obtained from RSM showed 0.88 of R-square for odor, 0.90 for taste, and 0.95 for overall acceptance with 0.07 lack of fit in overall acceptance (P<0.05). Odor score (predicted value) was 7.21 in the saddle point. Optimal flavoring conditions for making a crab-like flavorant were as follows: addition of 0.29 g of proline, 0.63 g of glycine, 0.61 g of arginine, 0.02 g of methionine, and 1.07 g% (w/v) of fructose into SCCE with RFT (90 min at 130°C). Odor score obtained under optimal conditions was 7.56, which was higher than the predicted value.

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