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Sandrim V.C.,Nucleo de Pos Graduacao e Pesquisa da Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte | Palei A.C.T.,University of Campinas | Sertorio J.T.,University of Sao Paulo | Cavalli R.C.,University of Sao Paulo | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Human Reproduction | Year: 2010

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is associated with decreased nitric oxide (NO) formation. However, no previous study has examined whether genetic variations in the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) affect this alteration. We hypothesized that PE decreases NO formation depending on eNOS polymorphisms. We examined how three eNOS polymorphisms [T-786C, rs2070744; Glu298Asp, rs1799983; 27 bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in intron 4] affect plasma nitrite concentrations in 205 pregnant women [107 healthy pregnant (HP) and 98 PE]. Genotypes were determined and eNOS haplotypes were inferred using the PHASE 2.1 program. The plasma nitrite concentrations were determined using an ozone-based chemiluminescence assay. The Glu298Asp polymorphism had no effects on the plasma nitrite concentrations. Higher nitrite levels were found in HP women with the CC versus TT genotype for the T-786C polymorphism (277.9±19.5 versus 140.6±8.2 nM; P < 0.05). Lower nitrite levels were found in healthy women with the 4a4a versus 4b4b genotype for the VNTR polymorphism (95.1±3.3 versus 216.1±16.8 nM; P < 0.05). No effects of genotypes were found in PE women (all P > 0.05). The 'C Glu b' haplotype was more frequent in the HP group than in the PE group (20 versus 5; P = 0.0044). This haplotype was associated with higher nitrite concentrations than the other haplotypes in healthy pregnancies (P < 0.05). No differences in nitrite concentrations were found among PE women with different eNOS haplotypes (P > 0.05). These findings indicate that eNOS polymorphisms affect endogenous NO formation in normal pregnancy, but not in PE, and that the 'C Glu b' haplotype may protect against the development of PE by increasing endogenous NO formation. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org.

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