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Brito J.E.C.,State University of Maringa | Gazarini J.,State University Londrina | Zawadzki C.H.,Nucleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia
Acta Scientiarum - Biological Sciences

This study aims to evaluate the abundance and frugivory of bats from the Recanto Marista, a small riparian forest remnant in the margins of the Ivaí river. The Recanto Marista has 57.6 ha, of which 40.8 ha are covered by semideciduous seasonal forest and is located in the Doutor Camargo municipality. Collections were conducted from May 2007 to January 2008 using mist nets (7 × 2.5 m) totaling 13,475 m2 h and comprising about 72 hours. Ten species were found pertaining to two families, Phyllostomidae (Artibeus lituratus, Sturnira lilium, Carollia perspicillata, Artibeus cf. fimbriatus, Artibeus planirotris, Desmodus rotundus and Pygoderma bilabiatum) and Vespertilionidae (Myotis nigricans, Eptesicus sp. and Lasiurus blossevillii) totaling 193 specimens. One Molossus rufus individual was found dead on the ground. Fruits pertaining to the families Moraceae (Ficus guaranitica, Ficus insipida, Ficus sp. and Maclura tinctoria), Solanaceae (Solanum aspero-lanatum and Solanum sp.), Piperaceae (Piper aduncum, Piper amalago and Piper sp.) and Urticaceae (Cecropia pachystachya and Cecropia sp.) made part of the diet of the captured bat species. Source

Garcia D.A.,Nucleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia | Benedito E.,Nucleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia | Takeda A.M.,Nucleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology

This study analyzed the muscle energy content (caloric density) of L. platymetopon captured at different sites of the Upper Paraná River floodplain, and potential relationships between the content and various environmental variables (water temperature, oxygen dissolved in water, food availability, relative numeric abundance) and biological variables (body size and reproductive cycle). Quarterly samplings from September 2006 to June 2007 in the lakes and rivers resulted in a sample of 739 specimens, whose muscle caloric density was determined using a calorimeter. Differences between the caloric averages of the males and females and among the different stages of gonadal development were not significant. Caloric density varied over time and space, with two seasonal variation trends. The intensity of the correlation between the caloric density and each environmental variable, as well as the type of correlation, varied according to the sampled site. Body size and reproductive cycle were not correlated with caloric density. Source

Dunck B.,Programa de Pos Graduacao em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquaticos Continentais PEA | Bortolini J.C.,Programa de Pos Graduacao em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquaticos Continentais PEA | Rodrigues L.,Nucleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia | Rodrigues L.C.,Nucleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Botanica

Functional diversity and adaptative strategies of planktonic and periphytic algae in isolated tropical floodplain lake. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that after a great magnitude and high duration of flood pulse in floodplain, functional diversity of phytoplankton and phycoperiphyton communities will be higher during high water. The strategies' dynamics evaluated during high and low water periods consisted of size classes, life forms, and functional groups. For the phytoplankton, the adaptations to floating, and for phycoperiphyton, the intensity and structure for attachment to substrate were also analyzed. Functional diversity was calculated from functional dendrograms of species. Functional diversity, richness, and density of both communities presented the greatest values during the high waters. In the high waters, Cryptomonas marsonii Skuja was dominant in plankton and Pseudoanabaena skujae Claus in periphyton, while in the low water, Merismopedia tenuissima Lemm. was dominant in plankton and Fragilaria capucina Desm. was dominant in periphyton. Thus, the flood pulse promoted the dominance of free-floating species in plankton, during the high water, and of metaphytic species in periphyton. In the low water, we observed the dominance of species with higher surface/volume ratio in plankton, and strongly attached in periphyton. We concluded that, in isolated floodplain lake, possibly the flood pulse directs the functional diversity of phytoplankton and phycoperiphyton. © 2013 Botanical Society of Sao Paulo. Source

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