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Trollhättan, Sweden

Lind M.,NU Hospital Organization
Case Reports in Dermatology

Introduction: Corticoid therapy is well-known to improve the symptoms of psoriasis. Addison's disease is an autoimmune disease which leads to a loss of cortisol production in the adrenal glands. This case report describes a patient with wide-spread psoriasis for 34 years who was cured when Addison's disease was detected and substitution to reach normal biological cortisol levels was introduced. Case Report: A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with Addison's disease. He had been tired for several years and had had difficulties in continuing his work. His brother had Addison's disease and recommended him to make a screen for the disease. Synacthen test diagnosed Addison's disease with a clear deficiency of cortisol production. After substitution with hydrocortisone the patient's constitution improved rapidly and he felt no longer tired during work. At the same time, all skin lesions of psoriasis disappeared as well as aches in several joints, both symptoms having been present for a couple of decades. Previously, salves of cortisol had been used to reduce the symptoms of psoriasis, but now, 1-2 years later, after the treatment of Addison's disease, no symptoms in the skin or joints have reoccurred. Conclusions: This report illustrates that Addison's disease, although a rare condition, should be kept in mind before treatment of psoriasis is started. Especially if other symptoms such as fatigue are present, a screening test of serum cortisol in the morning should be liberally made. The report also illustrates a need of examining corticoid levels in patients with psoriasis compared to the general population. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG. Source

Lind M.,NU Hospital Organization | Oden A.,Chalmers University of Technology | Fahlen M.,Kungalv Hospital | Eliasson B.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Aims/hypothesis: We determined the shape of the metabolic memory of HbA1c and its contribution to retinopathy, as well as the importance of reducing HbA1c to prevent progression of retinopathy. Methods: The relative risk contribution of HbA1c values at different points in time to current progression of retinopathy was determined in the DCCT patients. Results: HbA1c 2 to 3 years earlier had the greatest relative risk contribution to current progression of retinopathy. HbA1c up to 5 years earlier made a greater contribution than current values, while values from 8 years earlier still had an important impact. When HbA1c had been at 8% for a long period and was subsequently lowered to 7%, the salutary effects did not begin to appear until 2 to 3 years after lowering. The hazard function for a constant level of HbA1c increased with time. The numbers needed to treat when reducing HbA1c from 8.3% to 8% from diagnosis was estimated to be 1,688 for the first 3 years and 13 for the period 9 to 12 years. Survival functions when reducing HbA1c from 8% to 7% show that pre-study glycaemic control dominates the effect on progression of retinopathy during the first years of a trial. Conclusions/interpretation: The most harmful effect of hyperglycaemia on progression of retinopathy in type 1 diabetes initially increases, but declines after roughly 5 years. The salutary effect of reducing HbA1c accelerates with time and becomes greater in clinical practice than has been previously understood. Clinical trials should preferably be designed for long periods or include patients with low previous glycaemic exposure to distinguish trial effects from those of the metabolic memory. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Glogner S.,NU Hospital Organization | Rosengren A.,Gothenburg University | Olsson M.,Chalmers University of Technology | Gudbjornsdottir S.,Gothenburg University | Lind M.,Gothenburg University
Diabetic Medicine

Aim's: The aim was to To study the relationship between BMI and hospitalization for heart failure in people with Type 2 diabetes. Methods: We identified 83 021 individuals with Type 2 diabetes from the Swedish National Diabetes Registry during 1998-2003, who were followed until hospitalization for heart failure, death or end of follow-up on 31 December 2009. Cox regression analyses were performed, adjusting for age, sex, HbA1c, blood pressure, diabetes duration, smoking, microalbuminuria, cardiac co-morbidities, glucose-lowering and anti-hypertensive medications. Results: During a median follow-up of 7.2 years, 10 969 patients (13.2%) were hospitalized with heart failure. By categories of BMI, with BMI 20 to < 25 kg/m2 as the reference, hazard ratios for patients during follow-up were 1.07 (95% CI 0.91-1.26) for a mean BMI of < 20 kg/m2, 1.04 (95% CI 0.98-1.11) for BMI 25 to < 27.5 kg/m2, 1.22 (95% CI 1.15-1.30) for BMI 27.5 to < 30 kg/m2, 1.54 (95% CI 1.45-1.63) for BMI 30 to < 35 kg/m2, 2.16 (95% CI 2.00-2.33) for BMI 35 to < 40 kg/m2 and 3.22 (95% CI 2.88-3.60) for BMI 40 kg/m2 or higher. There was a significant interaction between BMI and sex (P = 0.0006), with numerically higher hazard ratios for hospitalization for heart failure within each BMI category for men than for women. Conclusions: Obesity is strongly related to hospitalization for heart failure in people with Type 2 diabetes, and the relationship is somewhat stronger for men than for women. Preventing weight gain and promoting weight loss may be crucial in reducing the incidence of future hospitalizations for heart failure in this population. © 2013 Diabetes UK. Source

Meknas K.,University of Tromso | Johansen O.,University of Tromso | Kartus J.,NU Hospital Organization
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

The aim of this manuscript is to review the current knowledge in terms of retro-trochanteric pain syndrome, make recommendations for diagnosis and differential diagnosis and offer suggestions for treatment options. The terminology in the literature is confusing and these symptoms can be referred to as 'greater trochanteric pain syndrome', 'trochanteric bursitis' and 'trochanteritis', among other denominations. The authors focus on a special type of sciatica, i. e. retro-trochanteric pain radiating down to the lower extremity. The impact of different radiographic assessments is discussed. The authors recommend excluding pathology in the spine and pelvic area before following their suggested treatment algorithm for sciatica-like retro-trochanteric pain. Level of evidence II. © 2011 The Author(s). Source

Gowin K.,University of Southern California | Samuelson J.,Karolinska Institutet | Harrison C.,Guys and St. Thomas Hospital | Radia D.,Guys and St. Thomas Hospital | And 6 more authors.

The Philadelphia negative myeloproliferative neoplasms, including polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and myelofibrosis, are associated with substantial vascular and transformative complications. Standard therapy for high-risk disease, particularly in patients that have failed initial therapy, remains controversial. Non-pegylated interferon has previously been shown to be effective in controlling erythrocytosis, thrombocytosis and thrombotic complications, but was found to have poor tolerability and excessive adverse effects. Recently, pegylated interferon alpha-2a was introduced and found to be better tolerated and less toxic than standard interferon. In addition, in recent phase II trials, pegylated interferon alpha-2a therapy was found to induce both hematologic and molecular remissions. We retrospectively analyzed 118 myeloproliferative patients who underwent pegylated interferon alpha-2a treatment. Responses were evaluated by ELN, IWG-MET and EUMNET standardized criteria sets and adverse effects were analyzed. ©2012 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source

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