NTNU Social Research Ltd.

Trondheim, Norway

NTNU Social Research Ltd.

Trondheim, Norway
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Bye R.J.,Dovre Safetec AS | Rosness R.,Sintef | Royrvik J.O.D.,NTNU Social Research Ltd.
Safety Science | Year: 2016

The 2001 HSE regulations for the Norwegian petroleum sector include a paragraph requiring the promotion of a sound health, safety and environment (HSE) culture. This paper presents an examination of the function of the 'culture' concept in communications from the regulatory authorities to the industry. We discuss implications for organisational and interorganisational learning for safety. The regulatory authorities use 'HSE culture' in different ways depending on the document. No explicit definition of HSE culture is given in the regulations or the guidelines, whereas several diverging definitions are mentioned in an information pamphlet. In accident investigation reports, the HSE-culture concept has typically been used to characterise organisations with numerous violations of the HSE regulations or internal procedures. The concept has also been used to devise simplistic and possibly tautological explanations for frequent rule violations and to argue that numerous rule violations constituted a violation of the regulatory requirement to promote a sound HSE culture. The plasticity of the 'HSE-culture' concept proved to be a two-edged sword. By introducing the HSE-culture concept in the framework regulation, the regulatory authorities explored an unconventional approach to HSE regulation. The 'HSE-culture' concept legitimated a very broad range of HSE approaches in regulated companies, some of which were unexpected by the regulatory authorities. In accident investigations, the use of the 'HSE-culture' concept in an explanatory capacity might lead to the premature closure of a search for the causes of an undesired behaviour or decision. The use of the term 'poor HSE culture' to explain or characterise extensive non-compliance in the investigation reports may have stimulated the regulated companies to prioritise HSE strategies and measures to enforce compliance. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Antonsen S.,NTNU Social Research Ltd. | Skarholt K.,Sintef | Ringstad A.J.,Statoil
Safety Science | Year: 2012

This article discusses the strengths and weaknesses of various kinds of standardization, when applied to the field of safety management. Recently, there are signs that organizations operating in high risk environments take further steps towards standardization. On the positive side, standardization has the potential to enhance the predictability of normal operations as well as facilitating the transfer of lessons learnt across organizational contexts. On the negative side, standardization is by definition a strategy for dealing with known hazards and accident scenarios. We discuss how too strong an emphasis on standardization can involve unintended negative consequences for organizations' crisis-handling capabilities. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Dahl O.,NTNU Social Research Ltd. | Fenstad J.,NTNU Social Research Ltd. | Kongsvik T.,NTNU Social Research Ltd.
Maritime Policy and Management | Year: 2014

Procedure violations are commonly identified as an essential causal factor in maritime accidents. This also applies to the Norwegian offshore service vessel sector. This illustrates that there is a need to study compliance and non-compliance in a broad context and to explore the factors that affect the propensity to act in accordance with prevailing procedures. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine the antecedents of safety-compliant behaviour among workers on offshore service vessels operating on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. With reference to a survey of 1108 offshore service vessel workers, this was done by analysing the relationship between a set of predictor variables and a self-report measure of safety-compliant behaviour. Using binary logistic regression analysis, the present study revealed that the safety climate and the vessel workers' age were positively related to safety compliance, whereas job experience and perceived procedure vagueness were negatively related to safety compliance. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed. In sum, the findings indicate that shipowners, captains and other stakeholders within the offshore service vessel industry should consider a broad multi-factorial approach to increase safety compliance. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

Fenstad J.,NTNU Social Research Ltd. | Dahl O.,NTNU Social Research Ltd. | Kongsvik T.,NTNU Social Research Ltd.
Maritime Policy and Management | Year: 2016

How vessel crews perceive safety on board (shipboard safety) is a useful indication for the general safety level. In this study a theoretical model was explored, involving factors that could possibly influence shipboard safety. Based on a survey questionnaire (n = 244), safety climate, shipowner efficiency demands and regulatory activities were investigated as influencing factors. Structural equation modelling gave support to the theoretical model and the findings illustrate that simultaneous involvement of various levels of the maritime system (crews, shipowners, regulators) can be effective for safety improvements. The study indicates that shipboard safety is affected by actions and prioritization by external actors through safety climate. It suggests that the maritime industry will profit from monitoring safety climate as part of the ongoing risk considerations, as a supplement to reactive parameters such as accident statistics. © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis.

Osterlie T.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Almklov P.G.,NTNU Social Research Ltd. | Hepso V.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Information and Organization | Year: 2012

This paper explores the relationship between materiality and knowing through the notion of dual materiality. Dual materiality highlights how digital technology becomes important, as its materiality plays an integral part in creating, not simply representing, the materiality of the physical world. We elaborate upon this insight through a theory on sociomaterial knowing grounded in ethnographic fieldwork within a petroleum company. The main theoretical proposition of this theory is that knowing arises from the emerging patterns of interaction between material phenomena, the material arrangements for knowing about these phenomena, and knowledge practices. We elaborate upon this through three predominant modes of knowing in petroleum production: instrumentation, interpretation, and learning. This paper contributes to the broader discourse on sociomateriality by refining ideas of materiality through the notion of dual materiality. We conclude by encouraging further exploration of different materialities in contemporary work and organizing. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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