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Beijing, China

Li D.,NSFC
Huanjing Kexue Xuebao/Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae | Year: 2010

The ecological and health risks caused by the combined pollution of drainage basins are an important research subject at home and abroad. Unlike developed countries, the combined pollution from drainage basins in China shows characteristics of both massive amounts of conventional pollutants and trace amounts of hazardous substances, so it is a more complex problem to determine the pollution causes, ecological response and methods of control. This paper discusses the comprehensive research progress in this area. Furthermore, the paper proposes key important research trends in environmental pollution control of drainage basins from different point of views including the systematicness and completeness involved in the research on regional environments; the ecological and health effects of the combined pollution; integrated technology development; and coordinated development of models of environmental protection and economic development. Source


Ni P.-G.,NSFC
Wuli Xuebao/Acta Physica Sinica | Year: 2010

It has been over 20 years since the concept of photonic crystal was proposed. Photonic crystal is now an important part of nano/micro-optics and quantum optics, and is also applied in many fields, such as information optics etc. The paper is focused on the progress in the fabrication of photonic crystals, especially the fabrication of two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonics. Meanwhile, the application of the photonic crystal is also reviewed. Then some perspectives are proposed. © Chin.Phys.Soc. Source


Cao H.-Q.,NSFC | Wen Z.-Y.,Capital Medical University | Peng Y.-H.,NSFC | Peng Y.-H.,Beijing Institute of Technology | Li E.-Z.,NSFC
Chinese Journal of Biomedical Engineering | Year: 2012

The methods that study and evaluate Chinese-English bilingual brain function involve the field of psychology, electrophysiology and modern medical imaging technology. It is of significance to study Chinese-English bilingual brain function for exploring the neural basis of bilingualism, guiding foreign language teaching and learning, and treating language dysfunctions. The current review focused on diverse methods for studying and evaluating Chinese-English bilingual brain function and the comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of these methods. The prospective of this field was discussed as well. Source


Ru J.,NSFC | Li D.,NSFC | Li Z.,Tianjin University
Science China Technological Sciences | Year: 2010

The NSFC Major Research Plan aims to conduct researches at the international research frontiers on modeling of strong earthquake ground motions and strong wind or typhoon fields, and investigating the damage and failure evolution process of the major engineering structures under dynamic actions, focusing on the following two key scientific problems: (1) characteristics and laws of strong earthquake ground motions and strong wind or typhoon fields, and (2) process and mechanism of dynamic disaster evolution of the major engineering structures. For these goals, the research work is targeted at (1) modeling and predicting of strong earthquake ground motion and strong wind or typhoon fields, (2) identifying critical parameters influencing the dynamic disaster evolution of the major engineering structures, (3) analyzing the whole dynamic disaster evolution process of the major engineering structures, and (4) integration and verification of simulation systems for dynamic disaster evolution of the major engineering structures. © 2010 Science in China Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Source


News Article
Site: http://www.nature.com/nature/current_issue/

A country without science is like a car without an engine: it's not going anywhere. This Outlook surveys the global scene (see page S2) and then embarks on a world tour, examining countries' achievements, and mistakes, as they attempt to harness the power of science for economic growth. China is focusing on collaborative centres that tap into the success of it's basic research labs and spin out their findings into practical technologies (S8). Australia has travelled a similar path, making strides in capitalizing on its research foundation — but has ended up overcompensating, robbing its basic-research effort to pay for applied work (S14). Proving that past trauma needn't prevent a robust research effort, just 22 years after the genocide against the Tutsi, Rwanda is emerging as a scientific spark plug for central Africa (S4). Countries in the Middle East, long buoyed by oil revenues, are girding themselves for the post-fossil-fuel era (S6). Singapore has made outstanding progress towards putting science at the centre of its economy — but it's not clear how the small city-state can afford to continue on this trajectory (S16). Countries with revered scientific pasts have their own stories to tell. Post-Soviet era, Russia is struggling to keep its scientific enterprise reputable (S10). Germany has abandoned its tradition of egalitarianism and is giving some institutions elite status, much to the dismay of many researchers (S12). In the United States, applying research to economic development rests largely at the state level — Massachusetts is an example of the dynamism possible with decentralized authority (S18). And globally, leaders need to be mindful of perverse incentives that run counter to research excellence (S20). This Outlook was produced in partnership with the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). As always, Nature has sole responsibility for all editorial content.

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